GLOSSARY

Product Glossary

Get Steroids Online online Canada Canadian Steroids For Sale Real Steroids Delivered Fast We Have The Best Product Quality Unmatched Premium Quality Get Steroids Online Canada Has The Most Powerful Anabolic Steroids In Canada Order Steroids Online With Steroids Canada The Best Steroids In Canada.

Testosterone is a hormone produced by all human beings and is the primary male sex hormone. Through our discussion, well take a look at Testosterone Cypionate, and examine the pros and cons of its use to improve performance in athletics and bodybuilding. Before we dive in, lets clear up a common misconception. Testosterone Cypionate is no more or less powerful or effective than its counterpart Testosterone Enanthate. The two compounds are virtually identical in every way.

Testosterone Cypionate Traits

Testosterone Cypionate is a synthetic version of the naturally produced testosterone hormone. This hormone is responsible for many different physical and mental characteristics in males. It promotes sex drive, fat loss, helps with gaining and maintaining lean muscle mass, increases bone density, and may even protect against heart disease. Whether it is naturally produced or through the use of Testosterone Cypionate, these traits do not change. All other steroids are actually the testosterone molecule that has been altered to change the properties of the hormone. Testosterone Cypionate carries a rating of 100 when measuring its anabolic/androgenic structure and this rating is used to measure all other steroids. This would make testosterone the “father” of all anabolic steroids used by athletes today. It should be noted; all testosterone compounds, including Testosterone Cypionate carry this anabolic/androgenic score of 100, as they are all merely testosterone.

Testosterone Cypionate is a highly anabolic and androgenic hormone making it a great steroid to use if one is in pursuit of more size and strength. Testosterone Cypionate promotes nitrogen retention in the muscle and the more nitrogen the muscles hold the more protein the muscles store. Testosterone Cypionate can also increase the levels of another anabolic hormone, IGF-1 in muscle tissue providing even more anabolic activity. Testosterone Cypionate also has the amazing ability to increase the activity of satellite cells. These cells play an active role in repairing damaged muscle. Testosterone also binds to the androgen receptor to promote androgen receptor dependent mechanisms for muscle gain and fat loss.

Testosterone Cypionate induces changes in shape, size and can also change the appearance and the number of muscle fibers. Androgens like testosterone can protect your hard earned muscle from the catabolic (muscle wasting) glucocorticoid hormones, in-turn inhibiting the related adverse reactions. In addition, Testosterone Cypionate has the ability to increase red blood cell production and a higher red blood cell count will improve endurance through increased oxygenation in the blood. More red blood cells can also improve recovery from strenuous physical activity. Even so, Testosterones anabolic/androgenic effects are dose dependent; the higher the dose the higher the muscle building effect.

Many athletes display massive strength gains while using Testosterone Cypionate as the hormone improves muscle contraction by increasing the number of motor neutrons in muscle and improves neuromuscular transmission. It also promotes glycogen synthesis providing more fuel for intense workouts thereby increasing endurance and strength.

Testosterone Cypionate also has the ability to promote fat loss through an enhancement of metabolic activity. Testosterone binds to the androgen receptor fairly well resulting in fat breakdown, and further prevents new fat cell formation. Another indirect action of fat loss that testosterone produces is the nutrient portioning effect it has on muscle and fat. Since the body is building muscle at an accelerated rate more of the food you eat is shuttled to muscle tissue instead of being stored as fat; nutrient efficiency is enhanced.

Testosterone Cypionate will also play a crucial role revolving around creatine. Creatine is essential to adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the source of energy for our muscles and when the muscles are stimulated ATP is broken down into adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and this is what releases energy. Unfortunately, the process is often too slow during strenuous activity but through the use of Testosterone Cypionate, this demand is met as ATP is replenished at a much faster rate.

Effects of Testosterone Cypionate
With a well-planned Testosterone Cypionate cycle, nearly every anabolic steroid benefit can be obtained. For the off-season athlete, more lean muscle mass can be built with less body fat gain. In-order to grow, you must consume enough calories and fat gain will occur, but Testosterone Cypionate will ensure the brunt of your weight gain is the weight you want.

While off-season bulking use is the most common, the effects of Testosterone Cypionate can be tremendously beneficial during the cutting phase too. During this period of use, we are able to preserve far more lean muscle tissue that would otherwise be lost. In-order to lose body fat, we must burn more calories than we consume and this can and often does lead to muscle and strength loss. Further, the longer and harder you diet the more muscle and strength will be at risk, but due to the traits of Testosterone Cypionate muscle tissue and strength are protected.

Regardless of the purpose of use, Testosterone Cypionate defines performance enhancement by its ability to promote recovery and endurance. With a performance level dose of Testosterone Cypionate your body can recover faster and you wont tire out as quickly. This will allow you to workout longer and harder, and more progress can be made. This is performance enhancement at its best!

Testosterone Cypionate Administration
Testosterone Cypionate is only available in an injectable form and is regularly used to treat conditions such as low testosterone. More than twenty million men in the U.S. alone suffer from some form of low testosterone, and such a condition can severely diminish ones quality of life. Symptoms such as loss of muscle mass and strength, a decrease in libido and sexual performance, an increase in body fat, and low energy levels are all common characteristics of low testosterone. Further, when ignored low testosterone can be a gateway to Alzheimers, diabetes, osteoporosis and many other serious conditions. Most men will find one injection every seven to ten days at 100mg to 200mg per injection to completely eradicate such a problem.

For performance enhancement, one injection per week is often enough; however, in many cases two smaller yet equal sized injections will prove to be far more efficient. The reason for multiple injections is to keep blood levels peaked; further, it is often needed to control side effects that may occur with performance level dosing. Like most anabolic steroids, the more you take the greater the reward, but the more you take the greater the risk. By splitting the injections up into smaller more frequent injections, you are introducing smaller amounts of the hormone for your body to deal with all at once. As for the actual performance doses, this can range anywhere from 200mg per week all the way to 1,000mg per week depending on needs and desires.

The typical dose for those who are using Cypionate to counteract the lowering of testosterone due to the use of other steroids is normally 200mg. If it is being used for direct performance purposes, most will find 400mg to 600mg per week will be effective, but it is important to note that higher doses will greatly increase the risk.

Regardless of the total dose, most steroid users will find this to be an extremely well-tolerated anabolic steroid and one that can be used for long periods of time. 12 weeks of total use is quite commonplace, as is 16 weeks. There’s nothing magical about these numbers, but they are solid guidelines in-order for the individual to plan out his desired goals.

Regardless of the total dosing or the cycles length, you will need to design a post cycle therapy (PCT) plan once your Testosterone Cypionate use comes to an end. For most men, if you are discontinuing the use of anabolic steroids for more than ten weeks, you will need PCT but if your off period is less then it can be skipped. For full post cycle information and planning, please see the Post Cycle Therapy page on Steroid.com.

It should be noted; when it comes to performance enhancement, Testosterone Cypionate for women is not recommended. This is a steroid that carries far too much androgenic activity; after all, it is the primary male androgen. Women can suffer from low testosterone and there can be therapeutic benefits from the use of Testosterone Cypionate; however such treatment plans will be tremendously low dosed and should be watched closely for virilization symptoms.

The Side Effects of Testosterone Cypionate
As an extremely well-tolerated hormone for most men, the side effects of Testosterone Cypionate are in many ways easy to control. When it comes to such adverse reactions, keep in mind they largely fall into the realm of possible and are by no means guaranteed. Even so, total dosing, genetic predispositions and your overall state of health will play a role.

As for the side effects themselves, Testosterone Cypionate like all testosterone compounds carries a high level of aromataseactivity; aromatization referring to the conversion of testosterone into estrogen. As estrogen levels rise, this can lead to gynecomastia (male breast enlargement) and excess water retention. This excess water retention can even negatively affect blood pressure. In-order to combat such effects, especially gynecomastia, many turn to Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators (SERMs) such as Tamoxifen Citrate (Nolvadex) and for more serious protection Aromatase Inhibitors (AIs) such as Anastrozole(Arimidex). Without question, AIs are the most effective; however, they can also prove to be problematic when it comes to cholesterol and caution is advised.

Beyond these effects, Testosterone Cypionate can promote dihydrotestosterone (DHT) related side effects such as acne, hair loss and prostate enlargement; however, it should go without saying DHT steroids will be the prime culprits. In-order to provide protection, a 5-alpha reductase inhibitor such as Finasteride can be useful as it is an androgen suppressor and the androgen DHT is causing the problem. It must be noted; hair loss is only possible in men predisposed to male pattern baldness.

Availability of Testosterone Cypionate
If you live in the U.S. you will not find Testosterone Cypionate for sale on the black market as commonly as you will many other testosterone forms; especially when it comes to pharmaceutical grade. The vast majority of Testosterone Cypionate is manufactured in the U.S. by Upjohn and Watson, and very little ever finds its way to black market suppliers. Of course, outside the U.S. things begin to change as there are quite a few pharmaceutical companies that make it. Further, numerous underground labs across the globe manufacture the product.

Regardless of the brand you choose, most Testosterone Cypionate comes dosed at 200mg/ml or 250mg/ml. There are a few exceptions; however, most high dosed Testosterone Cypionate normally falls under the category of buyer beware. Such products are commonly under-dosed and are only provided by low-grade underground labs. Of course, regardless of the dosing, you must be very careful when making any anabolic steroid purchase. Contaminated products are not uncommon, and when it comes to human grade Testosterone Cypionate this is one of the most commonly counterfeited testosterones.

Primobolan is an oral anabolic steroid that is a little unique compared to many oral anabolic steroids. Before we go any further, it’s important we distinguish the difference between Primobolan and Primobolan Depot. Primobolan Depot is an injectable version of the hormone that is attached to the large/long Enanthate ester. Primobolan is comprised of the same active steroidal hormone in Methenolone; however, it is attached to the small/short Acetate ester and designed for oral administration.

The Methenolone hormone was first released in 1962 by Squibb in both the oral Acetate and injectable Enanthate form. The hormonal compounds both carried the Nibal name, Nibal and Nibal Depot, but were very short lived products. In the mid-1960’s the giant German pharmaceutical company Schering would obtain the rights to the Methenolone hormone introducing it under the Primobolan name. Since that time, Primobolan has been well-known for being a European anabolicsteroid. It has never been manufactured in the U.S. since the Squibb versions.

An interesting note regarding the Methenolone Acetate compound, while primarily an oral steroid, Schering did manufacture it as an injectable at one time. However, the injectable version was discontinued in 1993. Any injectable Acetate form will strictly be found through underground labs, but even then it will be rare. Most underground labs that manufacture the Acetate version will do so in oral form. Many, however, simply stick the large injectable Depot version.

Primobolan is considered one of the safest anabolic steroids on the market and it carries an excellent safety rating to back this claim. In fact, this steroid has been used successfully to treat underweight children and premature infants without damage. It is also prescribed for osteoporosis and sarcopenia. However, the primary purpose of Primobolan is treating muscle wasting diseases and prolonged exposure to corticoid hormones. It has also proven to be extremely effective in treating malnutrition.

Playing an important role in therapeutic treatment plans, Primobolan is a very popular anabolic steroid among performance enhancing athletes. However, the injectable Depot version is far more popular as the oral version packs a much weaker punch. For bodybuilders, injectable Methenolone Acetate is the preferred form but a quality injectable Acetate version is very difficult to find. Further, the Methenolone hormone itself, while limited in oral form is one of the more commonly counterfeited anabolic steroids out there. It is also fairly expensive in many underground markets. This hormone is well-known for being one of Arnold Schwarzenegger’s favorites. How much truth is in that only he can say, but the story is enough for many to make inaccurate assumptions about his feelings on the hormone and how he used it. That we do know. It’s also been enough to keep the demand for this steroid fairly high, as well as plague the market with counterfeits.

An important note on demand; the demand for this steroid is also high due to its very female friendly nature. This is one of the few anabolic steroids women can use with a high rate of success. Steroids like Primobolan and Anavar carry very low virilization ratings making them perfect for female use.

Primobolan Functions & Traits:
Methenolone is a derivative of dihydrotestosterone (DHT) or more specifically a structurally altered form of DHT. A double bond at carbon one and two is added to the DHT hormone, which in turn greatly increases the hormone’s anabolic nature. It also carries an added 1-methyl group that protects it from hepatic breakdown. The addition of the Acetate ester further protects it from hepatic metabolism.

As an oral steroid, Primobolan is one of the only oral steroids that is not a C17-alpha alkylated (C17-aa) steroid. Lacking the standard C17-aa structure, this also means oral Primobolan is not toxic to the liver. However, while this is a bonus, most will find oral Primobolan to be a relatively mild or even a week steroid compared to many others in a performance enhancing capacity. Men will not experience the same level of anabolic activity compared to many anabolic steroids. Make no mistake, Primobolan has its place in a performance capacity, but most men will find the Depot version to be a better call. As for women, this mild nature is in part what makes it a fantastic choice.

The Methenolone hormone carries several traits similar to many other anabolic steroids. This hormone will enhance protein synthesis (to a degree) and can have a moderate affect on increasing red blood cell count. However, the steroid carries three important traits that distinguish it more than anything else. Primobolan will dramatically improve nitrogen retention. This ensures a catabolic state is avoided and is also fantastic for building lean tissue. However, as mentioned this steroid won’t pack on a lot of size, keep that in mind. The hormone has also been shown to have an extremely strong binding affinity for the androgen receptor. Strong binding to the androgen receptor has been linked to direct lipolysis. Most all anabolic steroids enhance the metabolic rate, but Primo as it’s often known seems to support direct fat loss. When we consider this along with the dramatic enhancement in nitrogen retention, we can begin to see this is going to be a strong anabolic steroid for the cutting phase.

The final important trait of Primobolan is its affect on the immune system. The Methenolone hormone has been shown to significantly enhance the immune system. In fact, it has been successfully used in treating those with AIDS. For such an individual, he not only gets an immune boost but direct protection from what is a muscle wasting disease. This same immune boost will greatly benefit the performance enhancing athlete during the cutting phase.

Effects of Primobolan:
Primobolan is used to treat muscle wasting diseases in some cases; however, typically only in mild cases or where an immune boost is a benefit. This steroid is not going to pack on mass like Anadrol or Deca Durabolin and most men will not have much use for it in an off-season bulking cycle. We can, however, make an exception for females. Women are far more sensitive to anabolic steroids and a little of a mild anabolic steroid can go a long way. Just as important, most women are not looking to gain 30lbs of weight overnight. Small, moderate increases in weight can often be transforming on their own. Keeping the mild nature in mind, most men who use this steroid for a true off-season cycle will be disappointed.

Where Primobolan will truly shine is as a cutting steroid. In order to lose body fat, we must burn more calories than we consume. While absolutely necessary, this also puts our lean muscle mass at great risk. In fact, even if planned perfectly a fat loss diet will result in some lean muscle tissue loss unless an anabolic protectant is applied. Even with such protection a little tissue loss may occur, which should tell you how important an anabolic agent can be. The key to successful dieting is not simply losing weight, but losing fat while protecting your muscle mass; if these ends are not being met, your diet has not been successful. With a well-planned diet, Primobolan will help you achieve this goal. It has also been shown to have some fairly nice conditioning effects. Those who use Primo often appear harder and more defined. However, most will find the Depot version to be more efficient in the cutting phase, and this includes women.

Primobolan is also well appreciated in athletic circles. A moderate boost in strength is very possible with this steroid. Strength can refer to power and speed, both key elements to successful athleticism. However, where this steroid will truly be useful is in the promotion of recovery. Muscular endurance will also be enhanced and while such traits won’t be as strong as they are with many steroids, any bump is better than no bump at all. Further, as it’s a mild steroid, the athlete will not have to worry with massive buildups in size. In some cases, a lot of added size can be detrimental to performance depending the sport or position. In other cases, it can bring a lot of unwanted attention to the individual with prying eyes.

Side Effects of Primobolan:
Primobolan does carry possible side effects, but its mild nature makes it one of the friendliest anabolic steroids at our disposal. This steroid will not carry many side effects commonly associated with many anabolic steroids. Of the ones it does carry, we will find they are often very mild and easy to control with responsible use. In order to understand the side effects of Primobolan, we have broken them down into their separate categories along with everything you need to know.

[1] Estrogenic:
The side effects of Primobolan do not include those of an estrogenic nature. The Methenolone hormone does not aromatize and carries no progestin nature. This makes side effects like gynecomastia and water retention impossible with this steroid. The side effects of Primobolan will also rarely include any blood pressure related issues. High blood pressure is most commonly associated with excess water retention, which again is impossible with Primo. There is no need for an anti-estrogen medication due to Primobolan use. However, one may still be needed if estrogenic steroids are included in the stack.

[2] Androgenic:
Although a mild steroid, the side effects of Primobolan can include strong, adverse androgenic reactions. Androgenic side effects include acne, accelerated hair loss in those predisposed to male pattern baldness and body hair growth. Very few should have a problem with acne unless they are very sensitive to acne to begin with. However, hair loss is a different story. If you are not predisposed to male pattern baldness there is no risk of hair loss. If you are predisposed, Primo is well-known for speeding up the process dramatically in many men. It is also important to note that 5-alpha reductase inhibitors like Finasteride that are often used to combat androgenic side effects will have little effect here. 5-alpha reductase inhibitors are used to inhibit the conversion of testosterone to DHT, which is brought on by testosterone’s reduction to DHT through interaction with the 5-alpha reductase enzyme. Primobolan is not metabolized by the 5-alpha reductase enzyme, there is no reduction to inhibit, it’s already DHT causing related inhibitors to have very little effect.

Although it carries a mild nature, the androgenic nature of Primobolan is strong enough to promote virilization symptoms in women. Such effects may include body hair growth, a deepening of the vocal chords and clitoral enlargement. While possible, such effects are strongly tied to individual sensitivity. Most women should be able to avoid virilization if they supplement responsibly. This will mean keeping the total dose and duration of use in a proper range. Please see the Primobolan administration section. Regardless of the dose, if virilization symptoms begin to occur you are strongly encouraged to discontinue use. If use is discontinued at the onset of symptoms, they will fade away rapidly. If the symptoms appear, are ignored and use continues they may very well become irreversible.

[3] Cardiovascular:
Primobolan should have little to no affect on blood pressure in most healthy adults unless an underlying issue exists. Although high blood pressure is unlikely, it will always be a good idea to keep an eye on it.

The side effects of Primobolan can include cholesterol issues, especially HDL cholesterol suppression or reduction. It can also include increases in LDL cholesterol. Primo’s affect on cholesterol will be stronger than testosterone. It will also be stronger than the Nandrolone and Trenbolone hormone. However, it should be much less than most oral steroids. Healthy cholesterol levels can be maintained with this steroid, but it’s important that you give it a little effort. Ensure your diet is cholesterol friendly, high in omega fatty acids and low in saturated fats and simple sugars. Ensuring you implement plenty of cardiovascular activity into your routine is also important. As most will be using Primobolan during a cutting cycle this shouldn’t be too hard to do.

[4] Testosterone:
All anabolic steroids suppress natural testosterone production. However, the rate of suppression often varies greatly from one steroid to the next. Although it does suppress natural testosterone production, Primobolan’s rate of suppression is much less dramatic than many anabolic steroids. In a therapeutic plan, it is actually possible to keep the total rate of suppression below 50%. This could be low enough to keep some from falling into a low level condition despite the reduction. However, performance level doses will be another story. Dramatic suppression is all but assured with such doses making the inclusion of exogenous testosterone extremely important. Men who do not include exogenous testosterone will more than likely fall into a low testosterone condition. Not only does this carry numerous possible bothersome symptoms, it is extremely unhealthy. Women, despite needing testosterone will not have a need for exogenous therapy when using Primobolan.

Once the use of Primo and all anabolic steroids has come to an end, natural testosterone production will begin again. You will find this is one of the easiest steroids to recover from when it comes to testosterone production. Most men are encouraged to implement a Post Cycle Therapy (PCT) plan once use is discontinued. This will speed the recovery process up. It will, however, not return you to normal on its own. This will still take time. However, a PCT plan will ensure you have enough testosterone for proper bodily function while your levels continue to naturally rise. Those who do not implement a PCT plan, while they may recover it will take far longer. There’s really no reason to forgo the PCT process if you’re going to be off cycle for any decent length of time.

An important note on natural testosterone recovery. Natural recovery assumes no prior low testosterone condition existed. It also assumes severe damage was not done to the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Testicular-Axis (HPTA) through improper steroidal supplementation practices.

[5] Hepatotoxicity:
Oral Primobolan is not considered a hepatotoxic anabolic steroid. There is no data to support increases in hepatic stress or liver damage. In his Anabolics series, William Llewellyn notes that there has been one report of an elderly man who suffered from liver toxicity, failure and death. However, this is the only reported case for this steroid in more than 50 years. For this reason hepatotoxicity cannot be ruled out completely but it appears to be highly unlikely.

Primobolan Administration:
In a therapeutic setting, standard male Primobolan doses will fall in the 100-150mg per day range. Performance level doses will also fall in the same range. However, many men have reported decent results with as little as 50-75mg per day. Higher doses can be tolerated fairly well, but most will keep it in the listed ranges. Most men will find this dosing range is perfect when it is coupled with other anabolic steroids. Common stacks may include Trenbolone, Masteron, Anavar or Winstrol. Regardless of the dose, an 8 week run of Primo is standard. This does not mean the entire cycle is necessarily 8 weeks long but this is the standard Primo portion of the cycle.

Although it has been successful in female treatment plans, Schering has not released a standard dosing guide for females. In performance circles, the standard female Primobolan dosing range will be at 25-50mg per day. Most women should be able to tolerate such a dose fairly well. However, most women will find a better plan will be a lower dose of Primo along with a steroid like Anavar. If Anavar or another anabolic steroid is added you will want to keep the Primo dose low or you will enhance virilization probability. Regardless of stacking, a first Primobolan cycle should start with 25mg per day and no higher. Total use should not extend beyond 6 weeks. Most will find 4-6 week increments to be perfect.

Boldenone Undecylenate is a testosterone derived anabolic androgenic steroid that is best known by the trade name Equipoisegiven to it by Squibb in the 1970’s. While Equipoise is officially classified as a veterinarian grade anabolic steroid, the first batches of Boldenone were introduced on the human grade pharmaceutical market by Ciba in the early 1950’s under the brand name Parenabol. Human grade Boldenone would see some success in human medicine through the 1960’s and 70’s but would ultimately be discontinued by the end of the decade. Since that time, the steroid has only been available through veterinarian medicine and underground labs with the Equipoise name dominating the market. Fort Dodge Animal Health now owns the Equipoise name.

Equipoise Functions & Traits:

Equipoise (Boldenone Undecylenate) is a structurally altered form of testosterone. It is a very slight change in an added double bond at the carbon one and two position. This double bond greatly reduces the hormone’s androgenicity, as well as estrogenic nature. It is then attached to the very large or long Undecylenate ester, which is responsible for controlling the release of the hormone once administered into the body. The Undecylenate ester allows for a peak release in Boldenone approximately 3-4 days after injection, with a slow continuous release of the hormone to follow for approximately 21 days.

Due to its structural change, Equipoise only aromatizes at approximately 50% the rate of testosterone. Estrogenic side effects are possible, but the odds are highly in the individual’s favor compared to testosterone. It is not as powerful of a mass builder as testosterone, not even close, but the reduced estrogenic activity should allow the individual to make cleaner gains through supplementation.

Equipoise shares many similarities regarding direct enhancement properties with testosterone. Common shared properties include its ability to enhance protein synthesis, nitrogen retention in the muscles, inhibit glucocorticoid hormones and increase IGF-1 output. Equipoise is also well known for increasing red blood cell count, a trait shared by most all anabolic steroids. However, issues of concern have been noted regarding how much Equipoise can increase red blood cell count. But available data tends to support this only being a concern with extremely high dose use for extremely long periods of time. In many ways, the increase in red blood cells provided by Equipoise can be fast and rapid, but may not present a significant advantage or disadvantage compared to most anabolic steroids when used responsibly. Without question, a moderate increase in cell production would be very advantageous for most any athlete.

Effects of Equipoise:
The effects of Equipoise are fairly straightforward. This is a generally well-tolerated anabolic steroid that presents notable anabolic activity in most users in a clean and even fashion. Outside of performance enhancement use, Boldenone did enjoy some success as a human grade steroid for a time. The steroid had some success in treating muscle wasting diseases and osteoporosis, but would ultimately give way to other steroidal options. As a veterinarian steroid, Equipoise is well-known for its use in horses, hence the name “Equipoise” and its similarity to the word “Equestrian.” EQ is often given to horses in an effort to increase lean body weight, which is in part due to the steroid’s ability to increase appetite. An increased appetite is well noted among many performance enhancing athletes that use Equipoise, however, it doesn’t appear to affect everyone the same. Many who use the anabolic steroid report no increase in appetite, it tends to be highly individualistic, but it could be useful for those struggling to consume needed calories.

As an off-season bulking steroid, Equipoise can add quality lean mass gains, but they will not come overnight, and will fall short of many anabolic steroids. Steroids like Deca Durabolin will produce far greater mass results, as will steroids like Anadrol and Dianabol; however, the latter two are often accompanied by large amounts of water retention. Some athletes have, however, reported stronger off-season gains when Equipoise is added to a total off-season stack rather than used as a base steroid. If appetite suppression is an issue, this steroid may very well help you consume the excess calories needed for off-season growth. Of course, while it may not be a tremendous mass building steroid, for some it may produce all the mass they want. Not everyone who uses anabolic steroids is looking for immense gains in size.

Equipoise is also well-noted for promoting increases in strength. An increase in strength can be very beneficial to an off-season mass plan, but perhaps more beneficial to the enhancement of athletic performance. Unfortunately, the extremely long detection time will prohibit many athletes from using EQ. Total detection time can stretch to five months. However, the steroid definitely provides numerous advantages to the athlete, not only in an increase in strength but a notable increase in muscular endurance. Recovery should also be enhanced. Regardless of the desired purpose of use, all who supplement with Equipoise will enjoy these related benefits.

Equipoise can also be used as a cutting steroid; in fact, this may be the most beneficial point of use. This anabolic steroid is an excellent protectant of lean muscle mass. In order to lose body fat, you must burn more calories than you consume, you must be in a caloric deficit, and this will hold true with or without anabolic steroid use. Unfortunately, a calorie deficit puts our lean muscle tissue at risk as the body will often take what it needs in order to meet its energy demands from our lean tissue. Proper dieting can greatly protect our lean muscle mass, but it can only go so far. Without the introduction of an anabolic steroid, some muscle mass will eventually and inevitably be lost. EQ will greatly protect you from this loss in lean tissue, and it has also been shown to have some very nice conditioning effects on the physique. Such effects will be greatly enhanced when combined with a non-aromatizing steroid like Masteron (Drostanolone) or Trenbolone. However, during most cutting plans of a competitive bodybuilding nature, while EQ is commonly used it is normally only used at the frontend of the cutting cycle. It will normally be discontinued during the later half of the plan due to possible estrogenic activity. While total estrogenic activity should be low, during this phase of supplementation any and all estrogenic activity is normally avoided or at least minimized to the lowest point possible.

Side Effects of Equipoise:
Equipoise is a generally well-tolerated anabolic steroid for most men, and is often very well-tolerated by many women when low doses are applied. Side effects of Equipoise use are certainly possible, but most healthy adults should find this anabolic steroid very manageable. In order to help you understand the possible side effects of Equipoise use as well as their management, we have broken them down into their specific categories along with all the related information you’ll need.

[1] Estrogenic:
The Boldenone hormone does not aromatize heavily, but it is aromatized to estrogen nonetheless. This is due to the testosterone hormone’s interaction with the aromatase enzyme. High levels of estrogen can prove problematic in their promotion of gynecomastia, excess water retention and high blood pressure if water retention becomes severe. Due to the moderate level of aromatizing activity, most men should find related side effects very easy to control. Moderate doses should be manageable, but many will find high doses to require added attention.

In order to combat the estrogenic side effects of Equipoise, an anti-estrogen medication is sometimes needed. Not all will need an anti-estrogen when using this steroid, but it’s always a good idea to at least have one on hand. The anti-estrogen medications you can choose include Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators (SERM’s) like Nolvadex (Tamoxifen Citrate) and Aromatase Inhibitors (AI’s) like Arimidex (Anastrozole). AI’s will prove to be the most effective as they inhibit the aromatase process and lower total serum estrogen levels. Unfortunately, they can have a negative impact on cholesterol, which is further enhanced by the use of an aromatizing steroid. SERM’s are not as effective, but they are often enough for many men. SERM’s will not inhibit the aromatase process from occurring, but rather bind at the estrogen receptor preventing the hormone itself from binding. As an added bonus, SERM’s may actually improve cholesterol levels due to their promotion of estrogenic activity in the liver. SERM’s should be your first choice due to potential cholesterol issues AI’s if they can get the job done.

[2] Androgenic:
Equipoise can produce androgenic side effects such as acne, accelerated hair loss in those predisposed to male pattern baldness and body hair growth. However, the overall androgenicity of this steroid is greatly reduced due to the structural nature that creates EQ in its double bond at the carbon one and two position. Such side effects of Equipoise are still possible, but they will be strongly linked to genetic predisposition, but most will find the threshold is fairly high.

When combating the possible androgenic side effects of Equipoise, it’s important to note they are brought on by the steroid being metabolized by the 5-alpha reductase enzyme. This metabolism will reduce Boldenone to an extremely potent androgen in dihydroboldenone, far more potent than dihydrotestosterone (DHT); however, the total dihydroboldenone activity has proven to be extremely low in human beings. You will further find the androgenic nature of Boldenone will not be significantly affected by 5-alpha reductase inhibitors like Finasteride that are often used to combat the reduction to DHT.

Due to the androgenic nature of Equipoise, women may potentially experience virilization symptoms. Virilization symptoms may include body hair growth, a deepening of the vocal chords and clitoral enlargement. However, the low androgenicity will make this steroid possible to use for some women without such symptoms. At the same time, the extremely slow acting nature of the compound can make it difficult to control regarding blood levels, and alternative steroids may be preferred. Without question, individual sensitivity will dictate a lot. If Equipoise is used and virilization symptoms begin to show, use should be discontinued immediately at their onset and they will fade away. If symptoms begin to show and are ignored, the symptoms may become irreversible.

[3] Cardiovascular:
The relative cardiovascular strain brought on by Equipoise should be much less than many anabolic steroids, especially those of an oral nature. Boldenone does have the ability to negatively affect cholesterol ratios, particularly in its ability to suppress HDL levels. However, it should not be of an extreme nature, and should be well within the realm of control for most healthy adults. Of course, the introduction of an AI to combat estrogenic effects will potentially enhance the improper lipid profiles, and should be considered when planning your cholesterol management.

All those who supplement with Equipoise as with all anabolic steroids should keep a close eye on their cholesterol levels, and should ensure they are healthy enough for use before supplementation begins. A cholesterol friendly lifestyle will be very important and should protect most who use Equipoise. Ensure your diet is cholesterol friendly and includes plenty of omega fatty acids. Incorporating plenty of cardiovascular activity is also highly advised.

[4] Testosterone:
Like all anabolic steroids, Equipoise will suppress natural testosterone production. The rate of suppression varies from one steroid to the next, and while EQ is not the most suppressive steroid it will produce a significant reduction in total serum testosterone levels. For this reason, most men will need to include exogenous testosterone in their total stack when using EQ. The form of testosterone is inconsequential. All that matters is your body receives the testosterone it needs in order to prevent a low testosterone condition. A low testosterone condition can be very problematic, it carries numerous possible symptoms and is extremely unhealthy. If testosterone is used as a base steroid in your cycle, suppression will not be a concern. However, if testosterone does not represent a base, you should ensure you apply a minimum testosterone replacement therapy related dose based on the testosterone compound you choose.

Once the use of Equipoise has come to an end and all the exogenous steroidal hormones have cleared your system, natural testosterone production will begin again. The revived production will occur on its own, but a Post Cycle Therapy (PCT) plan is often recommended. A PCT plan will stimulate natural testosterone production and promote a more efficient recovery. It will not bring your testosterone levels back to where they were prior to anabolic steroid use, but it will provide an advantage. A well-planned PCT will ensure you have enough testosterone for proper bodily function while your levels continue to naturally rise. It should also significantly cut down the total time to full testosterone recovery; however, total recovery still may take several months post PCT.

Important notes on natural testosterone recovery and Equipoise use, as well as anabolic steroids in general. Natural recovery assumes no prior low testosterone level existed. It also assumes severe damage was not done to the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Testicular-Axis (HPTA) due to improper anabolic steroid supplementation practices. For those who include EQ in their cycle, your PCT plan should begin approximately 2 weeks after your last steroid injection, assuming the cycle ended with Equipoise. Many will find beginning HCG use ten days after the final injection to be the best route to follow, while following HCG use with SERM therapy. Alternatively, some may choose to end their Equipoise use well before the total conclusion of a cycle, end the cycle with only small ester base steroids and enable them to begin their PCT plan much sooner.

[5] Hepatotoxicity:
Boldenone is not a hepatotoxic anabolic steroid and will present no stress or damage to the liver.

Equipoise Administration:
Standard Equipoise doses will normally fall in the 200-400mg per week range. Most men will find 400mg to be very well-tolerated and generally the minimal amount of EQ they’ll want to use. Many will also find 600mg per week to be extremely well-tolerated with side effects being extremely easy to control. However, such doses will increase estrogenic potential. Due to the long activity of the steroid, most men could easily get by with one injection per week, but splitting the weekly dose into 2-3 smaller injections will cut down on total injection volume. Further, some have reported side effects are even easier to control with a smaller more frequent injection schedule despite an extremely long half-life.

Regardless of the total dose, Equipoise should be used for a minimum of 8 weeks. This is a very common duration of use in cutting cycles. Many cutting plans will begin with 8 weeks of Equipoise with an additional 4-8 weeks without the hormone opting for non-aromatizing agents. During the off-season period of use, 8 weeks will again be the minimum, but most will find 12 weeks to be far more efficient. Bulking or cutting, you will find Equipoise to be an extremely versatile anabolic steroid that stacks well with all anabolic steroids.

For female use, 50mg of Equipoise per week is a standard dose. Virilization is avoidable with this dose but will be highly dependent on sensitivity. Some women may be able to tolerate 75-100mg per week, but should not attempt such a dose until they have become comfortable with 50mg per week. Most women will also find 6 week cycles of Equipoise to be as far as they want to take it, with occasional 8 week runs by those who tolerate the hormone well.

Drostanolone Propionate is an anabolic androgenic steroid that first hit the market around 1970 under the trade name Masteronmanufactured by Syntex. However, the compound was actually developed by Syntex in 1959 along with Oxymetholone(Anadrol) but would not be released until well after Anadrol. Syntex would also provide the compound under numerous other brand names such as Masteril and Metormon among others, as well as Drolban under the license given by Syntext to Lilly. However, Masteron has remained the most recognizable brand.As a therapeutic agent, Masteron enjoyed two decades of success in combating advanced inoperable breast cancer in postmenopausal women. It would also become a popular cutting steroid among bodybuilders, which is where Masteron is currently most commonly found. However, the original Masteron brand is no longer available; in fact, nearly every pharmaceutical brand on earth has been discontinued. This compound is still approved by the U.S. FDA, but it is rarely used in breast cancer treatment any longer in favor of other options. The steroid is, however, still tremendously popular in competitive bodybuilding cycles and often considered essential to contest preparation.

Masteron Functions & Traits:

Drostanolone Propionate is a dihydrotestosterone (DHT) derived anabolic steroid. Specifically, Masteron is the DHT hormone that has been structurally altered by the addition of a methyl group at the carbon 2 position, This protects the hormone from the metabolic breakdown by the 3-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase enzyme, which is found in the skeletal muscle. It also greatly increases the hormone’s anabolic nature. This simple structural change is all it takes to create Drostanolone, and from here the small/short Propionate ester is attached in order to control the hormone’s release time. Drostanolone Enanthate can also be found through some underground labs, which does not have to be injected as frequently, but it is somewhat rare compared to the Propionate version. The majority of all Masteron on the market will be Drostanolone Propionate.

On a functional basis, Masteron is well-known for being one of the only anabolic steroids with strong anti-estrogenic properties. Not only does this steroid carry no estrogenic activity, but it can actually act as an anti-estrogen in the body. This is why it has been effective in the treatment of breast cancer. In fact, the combination of Masteron and Nolvadex (Tamoxifen Citrate) has been shown to be far more effective than chemotherapy in the treatment of inoperable breast cancer in postmenopausal women. This also makes it a popular steroid among bodybuilders as it could actually prohibit the need for an anti-estrogen when used in the right cycle. This will also prove advantageous during the cutting phase due to the hardening effects it can provide.

Masteron carries relatively low anabolic and androgenic ratings; however, these ratings are somewhat misleading. It’s important to remember DHT, the basis of Masteron, is five times more androgenic than testosterone with a much stronger binding affinity to the androgen receptor. This again promotes a harder look and can also enhance fat loss. Most all anabolic steroids are well-noted for enhancing the metabolic rate, but strong androgens have a tendency to directly promote lipolysis.

As an anabolic, Masteron isn’t well-known for promoting gains in lean muscle mass. It has never been used for muscle wasting in a therapeutic sense and will almost always be found in cutting plans among performance athletes. It can, however, promote significant boosts in strength, which could prove beneficial to an athlete who may not necessarily be looking for raw mass.

Effects of Masteron:
Without question, the effects of Masteron will be displayed in the most efficient way during a cutting cycle. However, for the effects to be truly appreciated the individual will need to be extremely lean. This is why the hormone will most commonly be found at the end of bodybuilding contest prep cycles as the individual should already be fairly lean at this stage. The added Masteron will help him lose that last bit of fat that often hangs on for dear life at the end of a cycle. It will also ensure his physique appears as hard as can be. Of course, the anti-estrogenic effect will simply enhance this overall look. For those that are not competitive bodybuilder lean, it is possible that the effects of Masteron may not be all that noticeable. The individual who is under 10% body fat should be able to notice some results and produce a harder, dryer look, but much over 10% and the effects may not be all that pronounced.

As a potent androgen, Masteron can benefit the athlete looking for a boost in strength. This can be a very beneficial steroid for an athlete who is following a calorie restricted diet in an effort to maintain a specific bodyweight necessary for his pursuit. The individual could easily enjoy moderate increases in strength and a slight improvement in recovery and muscular endurance without unwanted body weight gain.

As a bulking agent, the effects of Masteron will prove to be rather week. It is possible the hormone could provide gains in mass similar to Primobolan Depot, which won’t be that strong either, if the total dose was high enough. However, the relative gain in size will be very moderate with many anabolic steroids being far more suited for this period of steroidal supplementation. There are those who may wish to include Masteron in a bulking plan for its anti-estrogenic and fat loss effects. The latter would ensure they kept their body fat gain minimized during off-season bulking phases, but this isn’t reason enough to use it in this phase. Body fat should be controllable without it. As for the anti-estrogenic effects, off-season cycles are normally comprised of large amounts of aromatase activity due to high doses of testosterone. Progesterone activity is also commonly high with the addition of Nandrolone compounds and possible Trenbolone. Consider additional Anadrol or Dianabol and this estrogenic activity can become very pronounced. Unfortunately, while possessing anti-estrogenic effects, Masteron will not be strong enough to combat this level of estrogenic activity.

Side Effects of Masteron:
In many ways, Masteron is a fairly side effect friendly anabolic steroid. Side effects of Masteron use most certainly exist, but most men will find this steroid highly tolerable. As for females, virilization symptoms can be strong with this steroid, but we will also find they can be managed with the right plan. In order to understand the side effects of Masteron, we have broken them down into their separate categories along with all you need to know.

[1] Estrogenic:
Masteron does not aromatize and it does not carry any progestin nature making estrogenic side effects impossible with this steroid. This means gynecomastia and water retention will not be concerns. It also means high blood pressure that is sometimes caused by excess water retention will not be a concern. An anti-estrogen is not needed due to this steroid’s use; as discussed it can have anti-estrogenic effects itself. However, depending on the specific cycle/stack that’s implemented, an anti-estrogen may be needed.

[2] Androgenic:
The side effects of Masteron can include those of an androgenic nature. Androgenic side effects can include acne, accelerated hair loss in those predisposed to male pattern baldness and body hair growth. Thankfully this hormone carries a moderate level of total androgenic activity despite being a direct derivative of the potent androgen DHT. However, individual sensitivity will play a strong role, this steroid is well-known for greatly enhancing male pattern baldness in sensitive men far more than many anabolic steroids.

An important note; the Drostanolone hormone is not metabolized by the 5-alpha reductase enzyme. This is the enzyme responsible for reducing testosterone to dihydrotestosterone. In the case of Masteron, it’s already DHT; there is no reduction. As there is no reduction, there is no metabolism and nothing to inhibit. This means the androgenic nature of Masteron will not be strongly affected by a 5-alpha reductase inhibitor such as Finasteride.

Due to its androgenic nature, Masteron can produce virilization symptoms in women. Virilization symptoms can include body hair growth, a deepening of the vocal chords and clitoral enlargement. Virilization symptoms have been well-noted in breast cancer treatment plans, but this is normally due to the necessary high doses used to treat such a condition. In a performance capacity, it should be possible to use this steroid without related symptoms with a low dose. However, while individual response will dictate quite a bit, this will not be a primary recommended steroid for female athletes. If it is used and related symptoms begin to show, discontinue use immediately and they will fade away. If the symptoms are ignored, it is very possible they may set in and become irreversible.

[3] Cardiovascular:
Masteron can have a significant effect on cholesterol. This can result in an increase in LDL cholesterol, as well as a decrease in HDL cholesterol with the strongest emphasis on the latter. The total affect on cholesterol will not be as strong as often found in many oral steroids, specifically C17-alpha alkylated steroids. However, the total affect on cholesterol management will be stronger than compared to Nandrolone compounds or the testosterone hormone. It is also possible that Masteron could have a slight negative impact on blood pressure, but this will be a non-issue for most.

Due to the cholesterol effects of Drostanolone, cholesterol management becomes very important with this steroid. Far more important than with basic testosterone cycles or stacks including a basic 19-nor. If you already suffer from high cholesterol you should not use this anabolic steroid. If you are healthy enough for use, maintaining a cholesterol friendly lifestyle is very important. Not only does this mean a healthy diet, but it should be one that includes plenty of omega fatty acids, is limited in saturated fats as well as simple sugars. Plenty of cardiovascular activity is also advised.

[4] Testosterone:
Masteron will significantly suppress natural testosterone production making exogenous testosterone therapy important when using this steroid. Failure to include exogenous testosterone will lead most men to a low testosterone condition, which not only comes with numerous possible symptoms but is also extremely unhealthy.

As most will use Masteron in a cutting cycle, it’s very common not to want to use a lot of testosterone due to the high levels of estrogenic activity it can provide. If this is the case, you will find a low dose of 100-200mg per week of testosterone to be enough to combat suppression and give you the needed testosterone.

Once Masteron is discontinued and all exogenous steroidal hormones have cleared your system, natural testosterone production will begin again. Prior levels will not return to normal over night, this will take several months. Due to the slow recovery, Post Cycle Therapy (PCT) plans are often recommended. This will speed up the recovery greatly; however, it won’t bring your levels back to their peak, this will still take time. A PCT plan will ensure you have enough testosterone for proper bodily function while your levels continue to naturally rise and significantly cut down on the total recovery time. This natural recovery does assume no prior low testosterone condition existed. It also assumes no damage was done to the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Testicular-Axis (HPTA) through improper supplementation practices.

[5] Hepatotoxicity:
Masteron is not a hepatotoxic anabolic androgenic steroid and will present no stress or damage to the liver.

Masteron Administration:
The standard Masteron dose for adult men will normally fall in the 300-400mg per week range. Normally, this will mean an injection of 100mg every other day for a total of 6-8 weeks. This does not mean 6-8 weeks represents the total cycle, but this is a common time frame for the Masteron portion of a stack. Some may alternatively choose to split their dose up into a daily injection schedule, but every other day should suffice. If a Drostanolone Enanthate version is found, 1-2 injections per week will work, but such a version is somewhat rare.

For female breast cancer treatment, standard dosing calls for 100mg three times per weeks for 8-12 weeks. This will commonly lead to virilization symptoms that could be hard to reverse. However, no one can deny it’s still better than cancer. For the female athlete, 50mg per week should be more than enough for a total of 4-6 weeks. Some women may find doses closer to 100mg per week to be justified if they tolerate the hormone well. Doses of this range should be controllable for most women, but individual sensitivity must be kept in mind. Doses that go above the 100mg per week mark or beyond 4-6 weeks of use will more than likely produce virilization symptoms at some level.

Trenbolone Acetate is an extremely powerful anabolic steroid and is considered the single greatest anabolic steroid by many performance enhancing athletes. This is one of the most versatile anabolic steroids on the market and can provide benefits quite unlike any other steroid. Trenbolone Acetate is also subject to numerous myths in the anabolic steroid world, but hopefully we’ll be able to dispel these myths and gain a firm understanding of the compound.

Trenbolone Acetate is officially classified as a veterinarian grade anabolic androgenic steroid. The Trenbolone hormone itself was first created in the late 1960’s and the Acetate version would be sold under the names Finajet and Finaject. However, this is not the only Trenbolone compound. The same hormone would appear on the pharmaceutical market under the name Parabolan and was manufactured by Negma Laboratories out of France. This version of Trenbolone was comprised of the same active hormone that makes up Finajet and Finaject with the ester attached being the only exception. Parabolan carries the much larger Hexahydrobenzylcarbonate ester. It would also be the only Tren hormone ever manufactured for human use and would be discontinued in 1997 despite a lot of therapeutic success. See the Parabolan profile for more information.

Hoechst-Roussel, the manufacturer of the original Trenbolone Acetate products, would discontinue its veterinarian line in the late 1980’s. However, during this time they would introduce Finaplix pellets; small subcutaneous implant pellets that contain the active Trenbolone Acetate compound. The pellets were intended to be used in cattle in order to increase the lean tissue of the animal shortly before slaughter. The pellets were so successful they have become a regular and integral part of the livestock market ever since. Numerous performance enhancing athletes have also purchased Finaplix pellets in order to convert them into their own injectable Trenbolone Acetate compound.

While converted Finaplix pellets are common in many enhancement circles, over the years most underground labs have also begun to carry their own line of injectable Trenbolone Acetate. Other than testosterone compounds, it is perhaps the most sought after injectable steroid on the market. The benefits this steroid can provide to a cutting cycle are unmatched. In fact, you could stack numerous other anabolic steroids together and still not reach the level of power in Trenbolone Acetate. It is also one of the best off-season bulking steroids available. Not only will it pack on a lot of mass and cause tremendous gains in strength, it will do so in a cleaner way than most traditional bulking steroids. While it is not the only Tren form available, Trenbolone Acetate is preferred by most athletes. It is much easier to maintain peaked and stable blood levels with this version, and when coupled with the benefits it is not too hard to see why many refer to Trenbolone Acetate as the king of kings.

Trenbolone Acetate Functions & Traits:
Trenbolone Acetate is a 19-nortestosterone (19-nor) anabolic androgenic steroid. The 19-nor classification refers to a structural change of the testosterone hormone in that it lacks a carbon atom at the 19th position. This puts Trenbolone Acetate in the same category as Deca Durabolin (Nandrolone Decanoate). In fact, the Trenbolone hormone itself is simply a modified form of the Nandrolone hormone. The Trenbolone hormone carries a double bond at carbons 9 and 11, which in turn slows its metabolism, greatly increases its binding affinity to the androgen receptor, and inhibits it from aromatizing. The resulting change makes Trenbolone one of the most potent anabolic steroids of all time. Simply by looking at its structural ratings, we can begin to see how powerful it is. Trenbolone carries an anabolic rating of 500 and an androgenic rating of 500 is well. Such ratings are based on and measured against the ratings of testosterone, which carries a rating of 100 in both categories.

Beyond its basic hormone structure, Trenbolone Acetate has the small/short Acetate (acetic acid) ester attached to it. The ester is attached in order to control the hormone’s release time post injection. By carrying the Acetate ester, this gives Trenbolone an active half-life of approximately two days. Some data shows its active half-life to be a little less than three days, so forty-eight to slightly less than seventy-two hours would appear to be a good range. This, obviously, makes Trenbolone Acetate a fairly fast acting steroid and will require injections to take place somewhat frequently in order to maintain stable blood levels.

Trenbolone Acetate carries several powerful traits that are commonly associated with numerous anabolic steroids. However, while it carries numerous common traits, it also carries them at a rate of power and efficiency far above and beyond most steroids. Trenbolone Acetate also carries one trait that largely separates it from the rest of the pack and is what’s largely responsible for making it such a valuable hormonal compound.

Like numerous anabolic steroids, Trenbolone Acetate will greatly enhance protein synthesis and nitrogen retention in the muscle tissue. Protein synthesis refers to the rate by which cells build proteins; protein represents the primary building block of muscle. This will promote enhanced anabolism, as well as provide a strong protectant atmosphere during a caloric deficit. It will also largely promote a far greater level of recovery. As for nitrogen retention, the more nitrogen we retain the more anabolic we remain. Conversely, when nitrogen levels fall, this can lead to a catabolic or muscle wasting state. This is due to all lean muscle tissue being comprised of approximately sixteen percent nitrogen. While this is not a large amount, it is enough to make a very big difference. Once again, with enhanced nitrogen retention the anabolic atmosphere is greatly enhanced, tissue is preserved, and recovery is promoted.

Like many anabolic steroids, Trenbolone Acetate has the ability to greatly promote Insulin-Like Growth Factor-1 (IGF-1). IGF-1 is a powerful, naturally produced protein based hormone that is extremely anabolic, highly important to recovery and rejuvenation, and affects nearly every cell in the human body. IGF-1 plays a role on muscle tissue, ligaments and tendons, cartilage, the central nervous system, and the pulmonary system. There are very few anabolic steroids that will promote IGF-1 like Trenbolone Acetate.

Trenbolone Acetate also has the ability to greatly increase red blood cell count. Red blood cells are responsible for carrying oxygen to and through the blood. With an enhanced amount, this increases blood oxygenation. This will tremendously enhance muscular endurance and will once again greatly promote an enhanced rate of recovery. While Tren carries this trait, we cannot say it carries it in a manner that is above and beyond other anabolic steroids.

Another common steroidal trait held by Trenbolone Acetate is its ability to inhibit glucocorticoid hormones. Glucocorticoid hormones, sometimes referred to as stress hormones, are in many ways the opposite of anabolic steroidal hormones as they destroy muscle tissue and promote fat gain. They are, however, essential to our wellbeing, to a degree, but the use of Trenbolone Acetate will ensure such hormones do not become dominant in the body. This will be useful during any phase of supplementation, but perhaps more so during a hard diet when glucocorticoids like cortisol often become dominant. Trenbolone Acetate’s strong binding affinity to the androgen receptor will also be another trait that is very useful when dieting. Like most anabolic steroids, the use of Trenbolone Acetate will promote a more powerful metabolism; however, strong binding to the androgen receptor has been linked to direct lipolysis. This will be extremely valuable during a diet, but can also be tremendously beneficial during an off-season period of growth by helping the individual maintain a lower level of body fat.

The final trait of Trenbolone Acetate is its ability to improve feed efficiency or what is sometimes referred to as nutrient efficiency. This is the precise reason why the hormonal compound is given to cattle. Food is the most important part of any plan, and the most anabolic substance we can consume. However, the body will only utilize each nutrient to a certain degree. The food in question will determine the rate of utilization. However, by including Trenbolone Acetate into a program, each nutrient consumed becomes more valuable, and the body is now able to utilize each nutrient to a higher degree. While the total intake of nutrients may not have changed, the body will be able to make better use of the same amount. The best way to look at it is like the money in your pocket. With one dollar you are able to buy one dollars worth of goods and services. Now imagine if you could take that same dollar and purchase ten dollars worth of goods and services. While perhaps a slight oversimplification, when it comes to the value of the nutrients you consume, this is essentially what Trenbolone Acetate will do.

Effects of Trenbolone Acetate:
The effects of Trenbolone Acetate are nothing short of remarkable. However, we want to look at the effects of Trenbolone Acetate in a more practical way so that you’ll have a good idea as to what to expect from the steroid’s use. You will find this hormone is extremely valuable in both cutting and bulking plans, but if an edge were going to be given to one phase of use, it would have to be cutting.

During the cutting phase there is no anabolic steroid on earth as beneficial or as valuable as Trenbolone Acetate. This is one of the most powerful anabolic steroids available when it comes to the cutting phase and preserving lean tissue. During a diet, preserving lean tissue is one of the primary goals. The overall primary goal is losing body fat, but if lean muscle mass is not preserved, the diet cannot be deemed successful. However, in order to lose body fat you must burn more calories than you consume, and this can put your muscle tissue at risk. As you continue to diet and become leaner, muscle mass loss will occur. This is due to the body burning lean tissue to meet its energy demands. A successful diet will ensure the body burns stored body fat to meet this demand, but, due to the survival instinct of the body, it will often burn muscle mass instead. By supplementing with Trenbolone Acetate, we ensure this doesn’t occur, ensure muscle mass is protected, and burn body fat at a higher and more efficient rate. The enhanced fat burning is due to the steroid’s ability to promote a more powerful metabolism and even promote direct fat loss due to the strong binding affinity to the androgen receptor.

The lean tissue protection and fat burning of Trenbolone Acetate is not the only benefit during the cutting phase. This steroid will have stronger conditioning effects than any anabolic steroid on the market. Specifically, we’re referring to visual conditioning effects like hardness, definition, and vascularity. Not only are there no anabolic steroids that can promote these traits like Tren, there are not two other steroids you could stack together that would equal Trenbolone in this regard.

While tremendously beneficial to the cutting phase and often considered essential to competitive bodybuilders during contest prep, Trenbolone Acetate is also a phenomenal off-season bulking steroid. When we refer to this hormonal compound as versatile, that is truly an accurate statement. There are very few anabolic steroids that can promote mass like Trenbolone Acetate. More importantly, the effects of Trenbolone Acetate in this regard are not only strong but are far cleaner than most traditional bulking steroids. This hormone will not and cannot promote water retention, meaning each and every pound of weight gained due to use will be lean muscle mass. Of equal importance will be this steroid’s ability to help the individual control fat gain during a period of growth. To achieve true growth, this will require total caloric intake to be slightly above maintenance levels. How far above will vary from one man to the next, and while many often take it too far, this phase will still require a slight surplus. Unfortunately, this necessary surplus will promote body fat gains but due to the metabolic factors that surround Trenbolone Acetate they will be minimized. This is not a license to eat like there’s no end in sight, you can still gain a lot of fat if you continually gorge but you should be able to make better use of your total caloric intake. Those who supplement with Trenbolone Acetate during off-season periods of growth should gain less body fat than they would have without it.

Regardless of the purpose of use, all who supplement with Trenbolone Acetate will discover their muscular endurance is tremendously enhanced. This is a very common effect with numerous anabolic steroids, but perhaps a little stronger with Tren. Your muscles will not tire out as fast. However, some have reported that the use of the Trenbolone hormone tends to negatively affect their cardiovascular endurance, but this also appears to be a very individualistic type of thing. Some may find cardiovascular endurance hindered, while others will not. Regardless of this effect, muscular endurance will be enhanced as will the overall rate of recovery. This is important because recovery is where progress is made. Although it’s hard for many to wrap their head around it, progress is not actually made in the gym. Training actually tears and breaks down muscle tissue, but recovery is where the benefits are held. By enhancing recovery, we recover faster and more efficiently.

All who supplement with Trenbolone Acetate will also find this is one of the best anabolic steroids on earth for increasing strength. Those who supplement during a period of off-season growth will find tremendous increases in strength. However, even with maintenance level calories strength should still increase. During a caloric deficit, it is possible for a moderate strength increase to occur if the hormone is used early on in a diet. As the individual becomes very lean, such as competition lean, it’s unlikely he should expect a strength boost. Again, this steroid is very common in competitive bodybuilder contest prep plans, and it is most commonly used at the back half or back end of a plan. This allows for the benefits to show through with the most strength. The hardness and definition won’t be as pronounced if there’s still a significant layer of body fat on the physique. However, during this phase of use, strength probably won’t go up, but the individual should find he is able to maintain a lot more strength that would otherwise be lost.

Side Effects of Trenbolone Acetate:
There are certainly some possible side effects to Trenbolone Acetate use, but possible is an important word to note. Over the years, and this is more than apparent on steroid message boards, an idea has been passed along that the side effects of Trenbolone Acetate are assured. In fact, some actually believe that if they don’t occur it must be due to a poor product. Not only is this a ridiculous way of thinking, it really doesn’t make any sense. Trenbolone, while tremendously powerful, is not some strange steroid from the 5th dimension. Remember, it’s simply an altered form of Nandrolone, which itself is simply an altered form of the primary male androgen testosterone.

While the possible side effects of Trenbolone Acetate are often blown out of proportion, we cannot call this the most side effect friendly anabolic steroid of all time but most certainly not the unfriendliest. Many of the possible side effects of Trenbolone Acetate will be very similar to many anabolic steroids and just as controllable. Many will also be largely dependent on genetic predispositions and sensitivity. However, when it comes to sensitivity there is a group of what we can call response side effects that are a little unique to the Trenbolone hormone. There will be those who experience such effects while many will not. Unfortunately, the response effects will keep many from being able to use this steroid. In fact, while most men will be fine there will be more men who cannot use Tren than perhaps any anabolic steroid. However, keep in mind the response effects of Trenbolone Acetate are in no way an indicator of the hormone working. If you’re a fantastic responder, you shouldn’t have any issue at all.

In order to help you understand the possible side effects of Trenbolone Acetate, we have broken them down into their separate categories along with all the information you’ll need.

[1] Estrogenic:
Trenbolone is not estrogenic. This anabolic steroid does not aromatize at all, which is the very reason excess water retention is impossible with this steroid. However, gynecomastia is still possible due to the hormone carrying a strong progestin nature. Progesterone has the ability to stimulate the estrogenic mechanism in the mammary tissue, which can promote gynecomastia. Many men will not have an issue, but an individual’s sensitivity to gynecomastia will play a role. Anti-estrogens will provide protection for those who need it.

An important note: for many years, it has been assumed that Tren based gynecomastia was due to a buildup in prolactin. However, this has been proven false largely thanks to the work of William Llewellyn. In fact, his study on the issue has largely been conclusive; it is the progestin nature, not prolactin, that causes . Llewellyn has also noted that the use of aromatizing steroids with Trenbolone greatly increases the odds of gynecomastia, often making the use of an anti-estrogen a necessity.

[2] Androgenic:
Tren is a highly androgenic hormone and as to be expected there are possible androgenic side effects of Trenbolone Acetate. Such effects include acne, accelerated hair loss in those predisposed to male pattern baldness, and body hair growth. While such effects are possible they are entirely dependent on your genetics. For example, if you are not predisposed to male pattern baldness it will be impossible for you to lose any of your hair. However, if you are predisposed, while you were going to lose it anyway, the rate of loss will be accelerated. In fact, Tren can be one of the unfriendliest steroids to the hairline in predisposed men.

Due to the androgenicity of Trenbolone, some will try 5-alpha reductase inhibitors like Finasteride to gain protection. However, the 5-alpha reductase enzyme does not metabolize the Trenbolone hormone and related inhibitors will have very little if any effect. You will not be able to reduce the androgenicity of this hormone, which should be kept in mind if such effects are a concern for you.

[3] Cardiovascular:
The side effects of Trenbolone Acetate in this category can be a concern for some men. This steroid can have a strong, negative impact on cholesterol by suppressing HDL cholesterol (good cholesterol) and increasing LDL cholesterol (bad cholesterol). This negative effect on cholesterol should not be as strong as most oral anabolic steroids, but it will be far more pronounced than most injectable steroids. It is controllable, but it will take a concentrated effort. A cholesterol friendly lifestyle is imperative, which means a cholesterol friendly diet rich in omega fatty acids, low in saturated fats, and low in simple sugars. It also means incorporating regular cardiovascular activity into your routine, even during off-season periods of growth. Do not buy into the idea that cardio is a bad idea during the off-season. That is a myth that has done more harm than good. Many are also encouraged to include a cholesterol antioxidant supplement when using Trenbolone.

Trenbolone Acetate can also have a negative impact on blood pressure. However, it does not appear to negatively affect most healthy adult men in this way. Regardless, it is possible and you should keep an eye on it. If you cannot control your blood pressure, you should discontinue use immediately.

[4] Testosterone:
Regardless of the purpose of use, your genetics or rumors you may have heard, the side effects of Trenbolone Acetate will always include natural testosterone suppression. All anabolic steroids suppress natural testosterone production, but the rate of suppression varies greatly from one steroid to the next. In the case of Tren, it will be more than significant. It will be nearly impossible not to fall into a low testosterone state without the inclusion of exogenous testosterone. Include exogenous testosterone during your cycle and this problem is solved.

Once your cycle ends and all the exogenous hormones have cleared your system, natural testosterone production will begin again on its own. However, natural levels will still be very low, and it will take a good bit of time to reach a full recovery. For this reason, most are encouraged to implement a Post Cycle Therapy (PCT) plan. A PCT plan will stimulate natural testosterone recovery and ensure you have enough testosterone for proper bodily function while your levels continue to naturally rise. This will not promote a full recovery on its own, that will still take time, but it will shorten the process. It will also ensure cortisol does not become the dominant hormone when testosterone levels are low for an extended period of time. If cortisol becomes dominant, this can destroy your physique.

Some important notes on natural testosterone recovery: natural recovery assumes no prior low testosterone state existed. It also assumes severe damage was not done to the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Testicular-Axis (HPTA) due to improper anabolic steroid use. Another important note is while a PCT plan is very beneficial, being off of the cycle for a short period of time is counterproductive. This should be kept in mind in hardcore circles.

[5] Hepatotoxicity:
On its surface, Trenbolone Acetate is not considered a hepatotoxic anabolic steroid. Most should have no issues with liver stress or damage. However, the hormone does appear to provide a level of toxicity with extremely high doses, but it appears to take doses that are far beyond what most any human would ever undertake. The odds of any hepatic stress are extremely rare.

[6] Response Effects:
The final side effects of Trenbolone Acetate surround those that will keep some from using the hormone. On their surface they don’t sound too bad, but they can occur in a way that is beyond dramatic. The response side effects of Trenbolone Acetate include anxiety, insomnia, night sweats, and rapid heart rate. If such effects occur, lowering the dose can sometimes help. Extremely high doses can cause these effects, but a lot of men will find they occur at any dose. If this is the case, the hormone may not be for you. It may seem unfair but that’s life. Some can take Aspirin and some can’t; many can drink milk but others can’t. This is just a part of life.

Trenbolone Acetate Administration:
There are no dosing or administration guidelines available for Trenbolone Acetate in a therapeutic capacity. The hormone has never been approved for human use. Remember, Parabolan (Trenbolone Hexahydrobenzylcarbonate) is the only Tren compound ever approved for human use.

For physique related purposes, most men will find a dose of 50-100mg every other day to be a fantastic range. 50mg every other day is a fantastic place to start with 100mg every other day often being all the Trenbolone Acetate many men will ever need. Very few men will need more than 100mg every other day during the off-season. If higher doses are to be used, this will most commonly be during the cutting phase. Some men will be able to tolerate 100mg every day or 200mg every other day, but this does increase the risk of side effects greatly, especially response related.

50mg every other day is often deemed a very low dose, but remember this is an extremely powerful anabolic steroid. This is a very controllable dose for most men, should be very comfortable, and should provide fantastic results. If not, something is wrong with your product.

On the injection schedule, every other day will be the most efficient. Every day can be fine but won’t really provide much of a benefit over every other day. However, it is possible to only inject the hormone on a standard three day a week schedule, such as every Monday, Wednesday and Friday. This will cause a slight dip in blood levels with the two days in a row of no administration, but, outside of competition circles, it really shouldn’t be a big deal or even noticeable.

Anadrol (commonly called by athletes “A50” or “A-bombs”) was initially developed as a compound to help people with anemia, and has since been used very successfully to aid people who are suffering from many other diseases where weight loss is a concern. Thus, it is clearly an effective agent for promoting weight gain, increasing appetite, gaining strength, and increasing Red Blood Cell count. And, as with most Anabolic/Androgenic Steroids (AAS), it has its downsides as well. Anadrol 50 will inhibit your body’s natural production of hormones (testosterone, etc ), will negatively affect your blood lipid profile, can cause water retention, is notorious for causing headaches, and is also highly liver toxic (in fact, it has the worst reputation for hepatoxicity out of all steroids). Paradoxically, although one the benefits touted by its original manufacturer (Syntex) is that it can be used to stimulate weight gain through increasing appetite, taking too much may actually inhibit your appetite!
Anadrol Effects on Body

I think, in order to gain a complete understanding of the Anadrol 50 effects on body, we need to take a look at its advantages contrasted with its disadvantages. Anadrol is a DHT-derived compound, and is 17-Alpha-Alkylated steroid, meaning that it has been altered at the 17th carbon position to survive oral ingestion. Most oral steroids are 17aa, and this helps them make it through your liver in a useful form. Sounds great, right? Lets 17alpha-alkylate everything! Well as you can imagine, there’s a down side.

Anadrol Side Effects

This 17aa alteration, which makes it possible for Anadrol to survive its first pass through your liver, also makes it very taxing on your liver. How taxing is Anadrol and how much weight can you gain from its use? Well, there was a 30 week study done on Anadrol and, as you can expect, a reasonable amount of side effects were noted. The fact that Anadrol causes some side effects has really never been in debate. But how effective was the drug? Well, first it should be mentioned that this study was done on people with AIDS related wasting, and they actually gained weight (8+kg) while the control group lost weight, and had increased mortality rates. (1). I suppose, if you’re in a study because you have a wasting disease which is also a terminal illness, you don’t want to end up in the control group. Anyway, weight gain in this study peaked at 19-20 weeks, though, so the last 10 weeks weren’t very productive in this respect. Clearly, you wouldn’t want to run Anadrol 50 for 20 weeks, given its toxicity, but after that, any effect in terms of weight and strength gains would be negligible. So, with regards to sides from Anadrol, and the sheer fact that this study lasted so long (30 weeks), it should be apparent that they can be kept under control and the drug can be used safely. People are commonly told to limit their intake of Anadrol to 4 weeks or less I’m a bit less conservative and think you can easily run Anadrol for 6 weeks or more.

From personal experience, however, I can tell you that gains from Anadrol are quite dramatic for the first 3 weeks and then quickly level off. Unfortunately, I find that the side effects experienced from Anadrol (which include a headache, bloating, elevated blood pressure, and a general “unwell” feeling for me) remain for the entire duration of use. But I find as usual, side effects for this drug are pretty much half legend and half truth. Since Anadrol 50 is derived from DHT, it cant actually convert to estrogen (via the aromatase enzyme), and its not a progestin or a compound with progestenic activity so the estrogenic (?) side effects produced by it are of a very mysterious nature. It has been speculated that perhaps it can stimulate the estrogen receptor without actually being converted to estrogen and that’s about as plausible an explanation as Ive heard. However, things really get strange, when Oxymetholone has been used in studies to alter the female reproductive/menstrual cycle; in those cases, it has lowered plasma progesterone levels! (7)One would expect that an AI (aromatase inhibitor) wouldn’t be of much use with this drug, but many have found that Letrozole (which has, in some cases been shown to reduce estrogen in the body to an undetectable amount)(6) can greatly reduce or even eliminate many of the more noticeable side effects of Anadrol, such as the bloating.

As I’ve stated, however, the sides from this drug are certainly no joke, but are easily preventable, and controllable. One study even showed very few sides for subjects using up to 100mgs of Oxymetholone (2). In the original UnderGround Steroid Hand Book, Dan Duchaine states that he used it at doses up to 150mgs/day. Clearly, Anadrol’s hepatoxicity has been a bit exaggerated, in some circles. Be that as it may, my suggestion is still to limit Anadrol’s use to 6 weeks, at a maximum even if just to err on the side of caution. Of course, I have personally run this drug for much longer..

How should we use Anadrol? Id probably be willing to include Anadrol in a cycle including injectable steroids, but not other 17aa compounds. Id make any 6-week-run of this compound begin at the start of a cycle, as a form of “jumpstart” towards seeing gains quickly. The quick gains you will get from Anadrol (up to a pound per day for the first 2 weeks are not uncommon in Steroid.com members) are also just as quick to disappear upon cessation of use .unless you are simply using it as a kickstarter, while waiting for your other compounds to kick-in. Ill go out on a limb here and say that utilizing Anadrol as a “Jumpstart” is the most popular use of this drug for athletes and bodybuilders today. Ill also say that this drug is immensely popular with strength athletes who dont have to worry about weight classes (Field athletes and strongmen), and with powerlifters in the heavier weight brackets. Its also important to note that in one study by Schroder et. Al (2) Anadrol showed that it has the ability to lower serum SHBG (Sex Hormone Binding Globulin which binds to your free test and makes it no longer useful for anabolism, among other things) concentrations by 54.9 25.8 and 45 16.2 nmol/l in the 50- and 100-mg treatment groups. This means there will be more free test circulating around your body when you take this drug and clearly, this would produce some synergy when stacked with other steroids. Given the large amounts of weight and strength which can be gained in a relatively short time span on this drug, I’m sure this comes as no surprise to many.

Another important and often understated characteristic of this compound is that Oxymetholone doesn’t bind well to the androgen receptor (Relative Binding Affinity = too low to be determined) (3) which is the lowest Ive ever read about. Basically, what this tells me is that there are a lot of non-receptor mediated effects from this steroid, making it a very potent addition to ANY BULKING stack, because it wont be competing for the receptor sites with the other steroids you’re using. Its also, as you may have guessed a very poor choice for a cutting stack.

Anadrol Cycles

What is an Anadrol Cycle? How much should you use? Well, this is actually one of the most interesting facts about Anadrol 50. You see, most steroids produce what we call a “dose respondent curve” which is a fancy way of saying “the more you use, the more you gain.”

Anadrol is one of the few steroids where the dose respondent curve flattens out very quickly. When you take 50mgs of Anadrol, you’ll make some very good gains. When you take 100mgs of Anadrol, you’ll make even more gains. However, it has been found that 100mgs/day is as effective for weight gain as 150mgs/day but produces lessside effects and was less toxic (4). I feel that the jump from 50mgs to 100mgs constitutes an acceptable rise in benefit vs. cost, but this is not the case as dosages get over 100mgs. Now, lets see how 50mgs and 100mgs of Oxymetholone actually effect strength, when compared with each other:

Relative (%) changes in strength are shown for the groups receiving placebo (filled bars), 50 mg/day oxymetholone (open bars), and 100 mg/day oxymetholone (gray bars). Nos. above bars represent relative change (%) from baseline to week 12 for the 1-repetition maximum tests of strength. Error bars represent 1 SE from the mean. * Significant difference from placebo, P < 0.05; significant difference from placebo by Wilcoxon test, P < 0.02. See text for additional statistical analyses.

As you can see, in this study, doubling the dose of Anadrol 50 nearly doubled the strength gains of the test subjects. Now, when we look at changes in body composition from Oxymetholone (chart below) we can see that although the guys taking the 100mgs (vs. the 50mgs group) had more fat lost and more Lean Body Mass gained, it wasn’t as dramatic as the differences in strength gains between the two groups:

Changes in body composition are shown for the groups receiving placebo (filled bars), 50 mg of oxymetholone per day (open bars), and 100 mg per day (gray bars). Numbers above the bars represent the mean absolute changes and the error bars are 1 SE. For total lean body mass (LBM) and total fat, differences among the 3 groups were significant (P < 0.0001, one-way ANOVA). * Significant differences from placebo, P 0.001.

Although I am usually not inclined to posit speculations on why a particular drug does or doesn’t do something, in this case I will. Im guessing that the higher doses of Anadrol cause enough appetite suppression (at least anecdotally) to make eating rather difficult. It can also increase insulin resistance and glucose intolerance (5). This has the effect of making macronutrient absorption more inefficient, and could also be a factor in reducing gains when the dosage goes over 100mgs/day. Unfortunately, Anadrol also has a reasonably profound effect on your body’s natural hormonal system, on par with most other oral steroids, but not as bad as most injectables, and its certainly not as harsh on your lipid profile as many anabolics are.

Anastrozole is an extremely powerful anti-estrogen officially belonging to the Aromatase Inhibitor (AI) family. Developed in the early 1990’s by Zenaca Pharmaceuticals and released in 1995 under the trade name Arimidex, this is perhaps the most commonly used AI and one of the most common anti-estrogens on the market. Arimidex has proven to be very effective in breast cancer treatment, even more so than traditional Nolvadex (Tamoxifen Citrate), and is a favorite anti-estrogen among many anabolic steroid users. Countless anabolic steroid users rely on Arimidex for on cycle estrogenic protection. Many anabolic steroids have the ability to aromatase and lead to excess estrogen, which in turn can lead to some of the most commonly associated side effects of anabolic steroid use.

Arimidex Functions & Traits:

The functions and traits of Arimidex although powerful are extremely simple. As an AI Arimidex functions by blocking the aromatase enzyme, which is in turn responsible for the production of estrogen. By inhibiting the aromatase process, Arimidex will lower the body’s serum estrogen levels; in fact, a total suppression of estrogen by 80% has been well noted with this AI. This will prove very beneficial to numerous breast cancer patients and extremely valuable to many anabolic steroid users.

Arimidex also has the ability to stimulate the release of Luteinizing Hormone (LH) and Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH), two hormones essential to natural testosterone production. This has led some physicians to use the AI in low testosterone treatment plans in place of testosterone, but it’s generally not the best choice. Arimidex in a low testosterone plan is generally better served in conjunction with testosterone therapy. We will look more into this when we discuss the effects of Arimidex later on.

Effects of Arimidex:

As an anti-estrogen, Arimidex is valuable to the breast cancer patient as many forms of breast cancer feed off of the estrogen hormone. While perhaps an oversimplification, by administering Arimidex the effect starves the cancer. For decades Nolvadex was used for this purpose. Nolvadex has the ability to bind to the estrogen receptors, which in turn prevents estrogen from binding. However, AI’s like Arimidex actively inhibit the production of estrogen and reduce the actual amount of circulating hormone. In short, there is no estrogen available to cause damage to the breast cancer patient. In recent years, Arimidex has become the leading anti-estrogen in the treatment of hormone receptor-positive breast cancer, especially among post-menopausal women. Once the cancer has subsided, it is not uncommon for Nolvadex to be introduced in order to keep the cancer at bay.

For the anabolic steroid user, the effects of Arimidex are greatly appreciated in its ability to protect against estrogenic related side effects. Many anabolic steroids have the ability to promote estrogenic side effects due to the testosterone hormone’s interaction with the aromatase enzyme. As aromatization occurs, estrogen levels rise and this can lead to gynecomastia and excess water retention. When excess water retention becomes severe, this can also promote high blood pressure. Not all anabolic steroids aromatize, and as such, not all can lead to estrogenic related effects. However, many common steroids do carry the ability to promote estrogenic activity including Dianabol, all forms of Nandrolone and Boldenone to a degree and of course, all forms of testosterone heavily.

By including Arimidex in an anabolic steroid cycle that contains aromatizing steroids, the individual can protect against gynecomastia and water retention. This will also protect against high blood pressure. Some steroids can still cause high blood pressure without water retention, but heavy excess water retention is the number one culprit of high blood pressure among anabolic steroid users. Without question, AI’s like Arimidex are the most effective anti-estrogens for combating estrogenic related side effects. SERM’s like Nolvadex can also be useful and while not as effective should be the first choice when possible. Arimidex has the ability to negatively affect cholesterol as we will see in the side effects section. However, we will also find cholesterol issues can be avoided.

As a testosterone stimulating compound, Arimidex can be appealing for low testosterone treatment plans and for Post Cycle Therapy (PCT) for anabolic steroid users. In the case of low testosterone treatment, it’s often not enough. However, it can still be beneficial in conjunction with exogenous testosterone therapy in protecting against estrogenic side effects. As for PCT use, some will attempt it and it can have a positive effect, but it is generally not recommended. The main purpose of a PCT plan is to stimulate natural testosterone production in order to protect lean muscle tissue, keep body fat under control and promote a better state of health. However, the overall purpose is normalization, which cannot be reached when using Arimidex post cycle due to the tremendous estrogen reduction. Although high levels of estrogen can be problematic, some is necessary to proper bodily function, especially regarding the immune system and cardiovascular health. For the anabolic steroid user, AI’s should be saved for on cycle use with SERM’s being used for PCT.

Side Effects of Arimidex:

Arimidex carries with it several possible side effects. Many of the side effects of Arimidex will be response related. Response side effects are common with all medications; some of us can take Aspirin while others can’t. The side effects of Arimidex will also vary depending on anabolic steroid use in a few specific areas. Those who are using Arimidex without anabolic steroids often report weakness and fatigue; in fact, this may be the most common side effect of Arimidex. Most anabolic steroid users will not have this issue with low dose Arimidex use. However, we can make an exception when it is used in hard cutting or competition cycles when calories are very low and training often extremely intense. Other possible side effects of Arimidex use include:

Headache
Hot Flashes
High Blood Pressure
Joint Pain
Depression (rare)
Nausea and or Vomiting (rare)
Arimidex studies have also shown that the AI may have the ability to decrease bone mineral content, which in turn could make the individual more susceptible to osteoporosis. This shouldn’t be a big issue for anabolic steroid users as many anabolic steroids have the ability to promote bone mineral content. As for the primary six possible side effects of Arimidex listed above, while possible most adults should be able to use the AI without any related issues, but keep in mind such issues are possible. We all respond to varying medications differently, we even respond to varying foods differently, which can make total response on an individual basis impossible to fully predict.

The final issue revolving around the side effects of Arimidex surrounds cholesterol. Arimidex does have the ability to negatively effect cholesterol levels, but alone it doesn’t appear to be significant in most cases. However, when conjoined with anabolic steroid use, specifically an aromatizing steroid like testosterone it appears to be significant. For example, studies have shown that a moderate dose of Testosterone Enanthate for 12 weeks does not appear to have a strong affect on cholesterol. However, when this same dose is coupled with an AI like Arimidex it can suppress HDL cholesterol by as much as 25%. In this case, we’re actually talking about therapeutic level doses as well as performance. True performance doses of testosterone will have a stronger impact on HDL cholesterol, and again around a 20%+ decrease in HDL when conjoined with an AI.

Due to the potential cholesterol issues brought on by Arimidex use by the anabolic steroid user, a healthy and cholesterol friendly lifestyle is extremely important. A healthy lifestyle should first and foremost surround your diet. Diets should be low and very limited in saturated fats and simple sugars. They should also be rich in omega fatty acids. Daily fish oil supplementation is advised. It’s also worthwhile to consider the use of a cholesterol antioxidant supplement. And as a final note, if cardiovascular health is to be protected the individual should always incorporate plenty of cardiovascular training into his routine. Daily cardiovascular activity is recommended.

Due to the possible cholesterol issues, moderate anabolic steroid cycles may be best served with SERM’s in order to protect against estrogenic related side effects. SERM’s will not negatively affect cholesterol; in fact, SERM’s like Nolvadex have been shown to promote healthy cholesterol levels due to their ability to act as estrogen in the liver. However, for many a SERM won’t be enough and AI’s will be necessary. If an AI is necessary, the individual should limit his use and only use as much as is actually needed. Some have suggested that a 10mg per day dosing of Nolvadex along with your Arimidex use may actually aid in cholesterol management.

Arimidex Administration:

In the treatment of breast cancer, Arimidex is almost always dosed at 1mg per day until the cancer subsides. Use may continue for a time at this stage and will often be switched to Nolvadex in a preventative measure once the cancer is in remission.

For the anabolic steroid user, Arimidex doses can vary with 0.5-1mg every other day being the most common. Very few should ever need more than 1mg every other day and many will be more than fine with half that amount. In therapeutic plans such as low testosterone treatment even less may be needed. We can, however, make an exception in Arimidex doses for competitive bodybuilders. Competitive bodybuilders may find a full 1mg every day the last 10-14 days leading up to competition to be useful. This will greatly aid in hardening, but it will be draining to say the least. Of course, at this stage of a competition diet most have very little energy to begin with anyway.

Exemestane is a steroidal Aromatase Inhibitor (AI) that is most commonly known as Aromasin. In fact, the Aromasin brand name is the only pharmaceutical grade brand of the Exemestane AI due to the tight patent Upjohn has maintained on the product. While tightly controlled by the pharmaceutical giant, Aromasin is available in numerous countries around the globe.

Aromasin was first released on the U.S. market in 2000 after shortly gaining FDA approval a few months prior in 1999. The primary purpose of use as with most AI’s would be to combat breast cancer in post-menopausal women. Shortly after, the AI would begin to gain a lot of popularity among anabolic steroid users for its ability to protect against estrogenic related side effects. This action is very similar to the older and more popular AI’s in Arimidex (Anastrozole) and Femara (Letrozole). It would also gain a fair amount of popularity in Post Cycle Therapy (PCT) plans among steroid users. It was not the first AI to gain such popularity but would prove to be a little more advantageous for this purpose than most AI’s.

Aromasin Functions & Traits:
Aromasin is officially classified as a steroidal suicide Aromatase Inhibitor, and carries the ability to inhibit the aromatase enzyme, which is responsible for the production or conversion of testosterone to estrogen. Aromasin has the ability to block aromatization, which in turn inhibits the production of estrogen, and thereby lowers the body’s serum estrogen levels. This will prove useful to breast cancer patients as breast cancer often feeds off the estrogen hormone. It will also prove useful to the anabolic steroid user.

Many anabolic steroids have the ability to increase estrogen levels due to the aromatase process, specifically the conversion of testosterone to estrogen. This can lead to gynecomastia and water retention. Excess water retention can also promote high blood pressure when it becomes severe. Steroids that do not carry a strong estrogenic nature can also cause these effects, most notably gynecomastia if they carry a progestin nature. A prime example would be Nandrolone, which while it aromatizes only does so at 20% the rate of testosterone. However, it also carries a strong progestin nature, and progesterone has been well noted for carrying the ability to stimulate the estrogenic mechanism in the mammary tissue. By administering Aromasin during the use of anabolic steroids, this will inhibit the aromatase process, lower estrogen levels and protect the individual from estrogenic side effects. How effective is Aromasin? The product claims on average to have the ability to lower serum estrogen levels by 85%.

Aromasin also has the ability to stimulate natural testosterone production, which is precisely why some will include it during their PCT. Like Arimidex and Letrozole, Aromasin will stimulate the pituitary to release more Luteinizing Hormone (LH) and Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH), two hormones essential to natural testosterone production. While the other common AI’s share this trait, Aromasin has been shown to carry a slight androgenic effect, as well as the ability to increase the production of Insulin-Like Growth Factor-1 (IGF-1). This is a trait no other AI can claim to carry. By using Aromasin during PCT, the individual receives the desired testosterone boost necessary for recovery, but with the IGF-1 increase also creates a stronger anabolic atmosphere. This is deemed useful by some steroid users as it could potentially give them the ability to protect their lean tissue all the more during use. However, when we look at the direct effects of Aromasin as it pertains to PCT, we will find PCT use is normally not recommended despite these positive effects.

Effects of Aromasin:
In a therapeutic setting, by blocking the aromatase enzyme, Aromasin actively prohibits the cancer from feeding off the hormone necessary to its survival. It has been proven highly effective for this purpose, but only after the use of the Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulator (SERM) Nolvadex (Tamoxifen Citrate) has failed. While effective, it is also not as commonly used as Arimidex for this purpose as Arimidex largely maintains itself as the primary AI in breast cancer treatment not only among post-menopausal women but in a host of breast cancer scenarios.

Then we have Aromasin as an anti-estrogen for the anabolic steroid user. By understanding its functions and traits you should already understand the effects of Aromasin in this regard. Excess estrogen levels can promote gynecomastia and water retention and possibly high blood pressure as a secondary issue. However, keep in mind such effects are not possible with all anabolic steroids, primarily it must carry an estrogenic nature, it must be able to aromatize to lead to such effects or carry a progesterone nature. Testosterone is the primary aromatizing steroid, but testosterone derived steroids like Dianabol can also promote strong estrogenic action. Then we have the Boldenone (Equipoise) hormone, and while it only aromatizes at 50% the rate of testosterone, this is still enough to cause an estrogen buildup in some. Finally, we’re left with 19-nortestosterone (19-nor) anabolic steroids. 19-nor compounds will primarily include all forms of Nandrolone and Trenbolone. As discussed Nandrolone aromatizes at 20% the rate of testosterone, but it also carries a very strong progestin nature. This can promote a fair amount of estrogenic activity in many men. As for Trenbolone, it does not aromatize at all, but its moderately strong progestin nature can make gynecomastia a possibility depending on the individual’s sensitivity. When use is coupled with an aromatizing steroid, this will greatly enhance the odds of gynecomastia. Regardless of the steroid in question, Aromasin can offer protection from the estrogenic effects.

An important note: Aromasin will have no affect on dihydrotestosterone (DHT) derived anabolic steroids as they do not convert to estrogen. Such steroids cannot lead to gynecomastia or excess water retention; it is impossible. The exception would be Anadrol (Oxymetholone), while a DHT derivative, it carries with it a strong estrogenic nature. However, while estrogenic action is present, the hormone does not aromatize, meaning there is no aromatization for Aromasin to inhibit. The use of an AI will not affect the estrogenicity of Anadrol. For protection from such a steroid, the individual will need to inhibit activation of the estrogenic mechanism, and this will make SERM’s the first line of defense.

The final effects of Aromasin surround its use in a PCT plan. Due to the use of anabolic steroids natural testosterone production is suppressed. The rate of suppression will be dependent on the steroids being used, and to a degree, the total doses, but natural production will be suppressed nonetheless. Most male steroid users are advised to include exogenous testosterone in all their cycles in order to ensure they have enough testosterone to meet their body’s needs. This won’t be an issue for most men as testosterone is normally a base steroid in a cycle. If it is not used as a base steroid the individual should ensure he administers the minimal amount necessary to combat suppression.

Once the cycle of steroids is over, while exogenous testosterone protected the individual while on cycle, at the end of the cycle natural production is still suppressed. Natural production will begin again once all the exogenous hormones have cleared the system, but returning to your prior levels pre-cycle will take a lot of time. In fact, it could potentially take up to a year assuming no other anabolic steroids were used during this period. By implementing a PCT plan, we stimulate natural testosterone production, cut down on the total recovery time and ensure we have enough testosterone for proper bodily functions. This does not bring our total levels back to their previous naturally high state, but it speeds up the recovery and ensures we do not spend a lot of time in a low testosterone state. Not only is a low testosterone condition extremely unhealthy and bothersome due to a host of possible symptoms, it can see the lean tissue gained on cycle destroyed. During a phase of low testosterone, it is easy for cortisol to become dominant in the body, which will destroy muscle tissue and promote fat gain.

Due to the need for a strong PCT and Aromasin carrying extremely strong natural testosterone stimulating properties, this makes it very appealing for this purpose. Due to the slight androgenic nature and moderately decent promotion of IGF-1 this makes it even more appealing. However, we must consider the primary purpose of Aromasin, which is as an anti-estrogen. High levels of estrogen can be problematic, but the hormone is still necessary to our body’s health. It is important in maintaining a proper immune system, as well as in the maintenance of healthy cholesterol levels. Then consider the PCT, which in part is primarily designed to stimulate natural testosterone production, but the overall primary point is to normalize the body. We cannot normalize with low estrogen levels. For a proper PCT that not only stimulates testosterone production but promotes overall normalization, SERM’s should always be your first choice.

Side Effects of Aromasin:
The possible side effects of Aromasin are very similar to the primary AI’s in Arimidex and Letrozole. Many who use the AI often report fatigue and weakness, but this is often not an issue for the anabolic steroid user. The exception would be the steroid user who is in the middle of a harsh cutting cycle, such as in preparation for a bodybuilding contest. Many bodybuilders often report strong lethargy during this period, which isn’t surprising due to the intense diet and often incredible amount of cardio. However, it’s often amplified by the use of an AI like Aromasin. Overall, the primary possible side effects of Aromasin include:

Weakness or Fatigue
Headaches
Hot Flashes
High Blood Pressure
Joint Pain
Depression (rare)
Nausea and/or Vomiting (rare)
While the above represents the primary possible side effects of Aromasin, studies have shown the AI may have the ability to decrease bone mineral content, which in turn could increase the individual’s risk of osteoporosis. This should not be a large concern for most steroid users as many steroids actually have the ability to greatly increase bone mineral content. Regardless, when looking at the side effects of Aromasin, while they largely revolve around possible the overall chance surrounds the individual’s nature. We all respond to varying medications and hormones differently. This includes AI’s like Aromasin to every last over the counter medication on earth and even applies to many of the foods we eat.

The final side effect of Aromasin will revolve around cholesterol. Aromasin, like all AI’s has the ability to negatively skew cholesterol levels. Alone it doesn’t appear to carry this ability at a significant level, but when combined with an aromatizing steroid data shows that it may in fact become significant. This can be an issue of concern for the steroid user as many anabolic steroids already have the ability to negatively affect cholesterol levels. This is an issue that many steroid users give very little attention to. Most are far more concerned with possible visually related side effects such as acne, possible hair loss and water retention, but these really aren’t too concerning. Cholesterol, that is an issue of concern, and while it is very possible for a healthy adult to maintain proper cholesterol levels and use anabolic steroids, it will take some effort and is worthy of your attention.

When looking at the hard data at hand, we find that the use of Testosterone at a therapeutic level, such as in the treatment of low testosterone will statistically produce no negative effect on cholesterol levels. However, the same data shows that when the same level of testosterone is conjoined with an AI like Aromasin, HDL cholesterol can be decreased or suppressed by as much as 25%. Then we have performance level doses, which will have a moderate effect on HDL cholesterol, but once again this is exasperated by the use of an AI.

Due to the potential negative effect on cholesterol, Aromasin and other AI’s should only be used when necessary. Many anabolic steroid users rely on AI’s heavily and that is a mistake. It is possible to avoid estrogenic side effects without an AI. It’s not always possible, but when possible it should be avoided. Many will find SERM’s like Nolvadex to provide all the protection they need. A SERM will not inhibit aromatization or lower serum estrogen levels, but it will attach to the receptors and prevent estrogen from binding. This can greatly aid in the prevention of gynecomastia. It can help with water retention to a degree, but it’s often not enough for many men. However, most men will find they can do a lot to control water retention if they do a better job controlling their diets. Excess calories are necessary for growth, but when the excess is heavy this will promote water retention. This will hold very true with excess carbohydrates more so than anything else and will hold true with or without the use of anabolic steroids. If the individual is consuming an abundant amount of calories and adds an aromatizing steroid to the mix, this will only exasperate the problem. Further, keep in mind that while excess calories are necessary for growth, normally this only requires a slight increase above maintenance. The total increase will vary from one man to the next based on his need, but rarely is it as abundant as many make it. Control your diet and your carbohydrate intake and you will do a lot for controlling water retention.

While SERM’s can offer a lot of protection, some will still need AI’s. This will be very true in many hardcore plans, and can often be beneficial to a contest cycle. However, use should be limited to when only necessary. Many who implement moderate anabolic steroid cycles, which is the vast majority of anabolic steroid users would be surprised by how little Aromasin or any AI they could actually get by with.

Aromasin Administration:
In a therapeutic setting to treat breast cancer, Aromasin is only used after Nolvadex has failed. This is normally after 2-3 years of Nolvadex therapy. From here Aromasin is given to the patient at a dose of 25mg per day, which will normally last another 2-3 years or until the cancer’s progression has come to a halt. This is normally followed by more Nolvadex therapy in an effort to halt the cancer from returning. This is a highly successful plan in the fight against breast cancer.

In a performance setting, standard Aromasin doses will normally be 12.5-25mg every other day. Most should be fine with 12.5mg every other day, with some getting by with only two to three doses per week. The individual’s total sensitivity and the composition of the steroid in cycle in question will dictate the final outcome. There will be, however, some who require a daily dose with as much as 25mg per day. This should be short lived and only continued as long as necessary due to the possible cholesterol issues. This type of use can prove very useful for the competitive bodybuilder 7-14 days leading up to the completion in an effort to come in as dry and hard as possible. But again, this full dose use is only used for a limited time.

Clomid (Clomiphene Citrate) is a powerfully effective anti-estrogen officially classified as a Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulator (SERM). In many ways, it is very similar to another popular SERM in Nolvadex (Tamoxifen Citrate). Clomid first gained worldwide attention in the early 1970’s as a strong fertility aid and is still used for that purpose today. It is also one of the most commonly used SERM’s by anabolic steroid users. No, it is not an anabolic steroid but can be used to combat estrogenic side effects sometimes caused by anabolic steroids. It can also be used as a Post Cycle Therapy (PCT) medication in order to stimulate suppressed testosterone production due to anabolic steroid use. PCT use of Clomid is the most common purpose and most beneficial point of use for the anabolic steroid user.

Clomid Functions & Traits:

Clomiphene Citrate is a SERM that is specifically used as a fertility aid due to its ability to enhance the release of gonadotropins. Clomid has the ability to oppose the negative feedback of estrogens on the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Ovarian-Axis. This will increase the release of Luteinizing Hormone (LH) and Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) significantly. By increasing gonadotropin release, this can lead to the egg being released, thereby increasing the chance of conception.

Clomid also carries strong anti-estrogen properties that could be used therapeutically, but its anti-estrogen properties are most commonly associated with anabolic steroid use. Testosterone and many testosterone derived steroids have the ability to convert to estrogen through testosterone’s interaction with the aromatase enzyme. As estrogen levels rise, this can lead to gynecomastia and excess water retention. Heavy water retention can also promote high blood pressure. By supplementing with Clomid during anabolic steroid use, the SERM will bind to the estrogen receptors, therefore inhibiting the estrogen hormone from binding. This can be very useful in combating gynecomastia, as when Clomid binds to the receptor it prevents estrogen from stimulating the mammary tissue. It can also have a positive impact on water retention, but as it won’t actively reduce serum estrogen levels it’s sometimes not enough.

Clomid also possess functioning traits that are beneficial to the anabolic steroid user post anabolic steroid use. Specifically we’re referring to Post Cycle Therapy (PCT). In men, Clomid also has the ability to stimulate the pituitary to release more LH and FSH, which will in turn stimulate enhanced natural testosterone production. This is extremely beneficial to the anabolic steroid user post cycle as natural testosterone levels will be very low due to suppression caused by anabolic steroid use.

Effects of Clomid:

In a therapeutic setting as a fertility aid, the effects of Clomid are simple. The woman is having difficulty becoming pregnant, Clomid enhances the chance of conception and pregnancy occurs. It doesn’t always work and we’ll look at the process in the administration section, but it will greatly increase the odds of conception and is fairly successful.

As an anti-estrogen for on cycle steroid use, Clomid is fairly effective at staving off gynecomastia. It will not reduce estrogen levels or inhibit the aromatization process, but in many cases, binding to the receptors is enough protection for many men. In fact, while there are stronger protective agents, many men would be surprised as to how well a SERM like Clomid can work if they would give it a chance. More importantly, when using Clomid for this purpose it can also have a positive impact on cholesterol levels. While an anti-estrogen, Clomid actually acts as estrogen in the liver, which in turn will promote healthier cholesterol levels. This can be very beneficial to the anabolic steroid user as anabolic steroid use is notorious for promoting unhealthy cholesterol levels.

For many men, especially hardcore anabolic steroid users, Clomid is not enough for estrogenic protection. In this case, an Aromatase Inhibitor (AI) like Arimidex (Anastrozole) or Femara (Letrozole) will be needed. AI’s actively inhibit the aromatase process and will see serum estrogen levels reduced. By far they are the most effective at combating gynecomastia and will have more success in combating water retention. In fact, SERM’s like Clomid often do very little to combat water retention. However, in many cases, many performance athletes would do a better job controlling water retention if they did a better job controlling their diet. In off-season bulking plans this requires excess calories to grow. However, many take it too far, especially carbohydrate consumptions, and this will cause you to hold water with or without anabolic steroid use. Add in aromatizing steroids to the equation and water retention will be even greater. Further, AI’s while effective will have a negative impact on cholesterol, which leads us to only one sane conclusion. Control your diet and if you can control gynecomastia with a SERM like Clomid it should be your first choice.

Then we’re left with the effects of Clomid as they pertain to PCT. When we supplement with anabolic steroids, this will suppress natural testosterone production. The rate of suppression will be dependent on the steroids being used and to a degree the total dosing, but it will generally be substantial. For this reason, most men will always include exogenous testosterone in their steroid cycles. In fact, it’s not uncommon for it to be the only steroid used. This will protect the individual from a low testosteronecondition while on cycle. Unfortunately, once steroid use comes to an end natural testosterone levels will be very low. Natural testosterone production will begin again on its own, but it will take a significant amount of time for levels to reach their previous high state. In fact, total recovery can take months to even a year. Further, natural testosterone recovery is dependent on no prior low testosterone condition existing and assumes that no severe damage was done to the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Testicular-Axis (HPTA) through improper anabolic steroid use.

Due to natural testosterone levels being low post cycle, most men are encouraged to implement a PCT program. This will stimulate natural testosterone production greatly and shorten the total recovery time. It will not return your levels to normal on its own; there is no PCT plan on earth that can do this. However, a solid PCT plan will ensure you have enough testosterone for proper bodily function while your levels continue to naturally rise. Clomid is an excellent choice for this purpose and one of the most commonly used PCT medications. Highly successful PCT programs will often include Clomid and Nolvadex as well as the powerful peptide hormone HCG (Human Chorionic Gonadotropin).

Those who forgo Clomid therapy post cycle or any type of PCT plan and are going to be off cycle for an extended period of time will rest in a low testosterone condition for an extended period of time. Not only is this an extremely unhealthy state, it can come with all the traditional low testosterone symptoms. Many will find cortisol levels greatly increase as testosterone levels are low, and as a result, body fat levels go up and strength and muscle mass decrease. If you’re going to be off cycle for an extended period of time, 8 weeks or more there is no reason for forgoing a PCT program. If you are going to be off cycle for less than 8 weeks or bridging with a low dose of exogenous testosterone, which is very common in hardcore bodybuilding circles, this is the only time a PCT would be counterproductive.

Side Effects of Clomid:

Clomid is one of the most well-tolerated SERM’s and anti-estrogens on the market, and this applies to both men and women. While it carries a very high threshold of toleration, side effects of Clomid do exist and are possible. However, “possible” is the key word and a very important one. Anytime anabolic steroids are discussed as well as non-steroidal items used by anabolic steroid users, many seem to enjoy implying side effects are assured. This is not the case; in fact, most should be able to use Clomid side effect free.

When it comes to the possible side effects of Clomid, we will find most are fairly rare. Some women who have used the SERM as a fertility aid have experienced ovarian enlargement, but again this is very rare. Other possible side effects of Clomid use include:

Headaches
Nausea
Hot Flashes
Uterine Bleeding (extremely rare)
Breast Discomfort
The side effects of Clomid are also well noted for including possible visual disturbances. Data shows that approximately 1.5% of all those who use Clomid may experience some type of visual disturbance normally in the form of blurred or hazy vision. If this occurs, use should be discontinued and alternative medications should be examined. In most all cases, once use is discontinued vision will shortly return to normal. However, there have been a few reported cases over the years of visual disturbances that did not remedy post discontinuation. Normally, such cases have been linked to long term and extremely high dose use. Again, if visual disturbances occur, discontinue use immediately and choose another SERM to meet your needs.

A final note on the side effects of Clomid, some may experience acne. This appears to be most common when the SERM is used as part of a PCT program. In this case, it’s not really the SERM that’s causing the issue but rather the high influx of natural testosterone that is now being produced. Most should not have an issue, but those who are already genetically sensitive to acne may find a few pimples appear on their back, shoulders or chest.

Clomid Administration:

For the purpose of fertility aid, Clomid doses will normally be at 50mg per day. The process is very simple; five days into the menstrual cycle a daily 50mg dose is administered every day once a day for five straight days. If this doesn’t result in conception, the dose is sometimes increased to 100mg per day. This cycle will be repeated 5-6 times over the course of the woman’s menstrual cycles until pregnant. If conception does not occur after 5-6 cycles of therapy, alternative treatments will need to be examined.

For the anabolic steroid user, standard Clomid doses for on cycle estrogenic protection will normally be 50mg per day throughout the duration of the cycle. If this doesn’t do the trick it’s unlikely any amount of Clomid will work. If this does not provide the protection you need, keep in mind many have reported greater success with the SERM Nolvadex for on cycle protection. However, you may very well need an AI like Arimidex.

Then we’re left with PCT Clomid use. Standard PCT Clomid doses will normally start at 100-150mg per day for 1-2 weeks. From here the dose will drop to 50-100mg per day for 1-2 weeks and finish with 1-2 weeks at 50mg per day. Total Clomid therapy should last 4-6 weeks, so dosing should be based and considered on that total schedule. Most will also be far more successful in their PCT recovery by including Nolvadex and HCG. Timing is also important when planning your Clomid PCT use, and this timing factor will vary depending on the inclusion of HCG:

If your cycle ends with any large ester base anabolic steroids, you will begin Clomid 2 weeks after your last injection.
If your cycle ends with all small ester base anabolic steroids, you will begin your Clomid 3 days after your last injection.
If your cycle ends with any large ester base anabolic steroids, you will begin HCG ten days after your last injection and begin Clomid after HCG therapy is complete.
If your cycle ends with all small ester base anabolic steroids, you will begin HCG 3 days after your last injection and begin Clomid after HCG therapy is complete.

Dianabol represents one of the most popular and one of the most important anabolic steroids of all time. Without question, this is the most popular oral steroid to ever hit the market and one of the most popular steroids in any form. While almost always found as an oral tablet, Dianabol can be found as an injectable solution, but the tablets represent the primary route of administration. Why is this steroid so important? In many ways it gave birth to the age of modern performance enhancement. It was not the first anabolic steroid used for that purpose, that would belong to testosterone, but Dianabol would open the door to a new wave of steroid use that has grown beyond what anyone expected.
Dianabol represents one of the only anabolic steroids that was developed for the sole purpose of performance enhancement. The compound did carry listed therapeutic uses at one time, but performance was the true reason this steroid was given life. Through the 1940’s and 50’s the Soviet Union had begun to dominate the Olympic games, and the use of testosterone by many of its athletes left the rest of the world lagging far behind. During this time, U.S. Olympic team Dr. John Ziegler would learn of the U.S.S.R.’s steroid use, and quickly would aid in ensuring his athletes would match up. In 1958, with the help of Dr. Ziegler, Ciba Pharmaceuticals would release the first batches of Methandrostenolone under the trade name Dianabol. The compound was designed in an effort to maintain the anabolic properties of testosterone with less androgenicity in a fast acting, powerful method. Seemingly overnight the steroid was a massive success, giving many U.S. athletes a distinct advantage over their Soviet rivals.

After its inception, Dianabol would quickly find its way into nearly every competitive sport imaginable. In conjunction with exogenous testosterone, this would birth an age of performance unlike the world had ever seen. The steroid would also rapidly become a staple in competitive bodybuilding where it has remained a favorite to this day. However, shortly after its release the U.S. FDA would begin to put a lot of pressure on Ciba in an effort to push the company to list true medical benefits of the steroid. The FDA would approve its use for the treatment osteoporosis in post-menopausal women as well as pituitary-deficient dwarfism, but the latter was withdrawn in the early 1980’s. Again the FDA would pressure Ciba for more information, but in 1983 under mounting pressure Ciba would discontinue the Dianabol tab. A few years later, the FDA would pull all Methandrostenolone brands from the shelf. Since that time Dianabol has not been legally manufactured in the United States, but is still manufactured heavily all over the world.

Dianabol Functions & Traits:
Methandrostenolone is a testosterone derived anabolic androgenic steroid. Officially, it is a structurally altered form of the primary male androgen testosterone. Dianabol is the testosterone hormone with an added double bond at the carbon one and two position. This slight alteration reduces the hormone’s androgenic nature. It also carries an added methyl group at the 17thcarbon position that allows the hormone to survive oral ingestion, officially classifying Dianabol as a C17-alpha alkylated steroid. An important note, injectable Dianabol is also C17-alpha alkylated. The end result gives us an anabolic steroid with an androgenic rating of 40-60 with a much lower binding affinity to the androgen receptor compared to testosterone. However, it will also share a much weaker relationship for serum binding protein, which results in an extremely powerful anabolic steroid. If there’s any doubt, this is one extremely powerful anabolic steroid carrying a potent anabolic nature.

On a functional basis, Dianabol is one of the easier anabolic steroids to understand. This steroid will largely provide its anabolic benefits by enhancing protein synthesis, nitrogen retention and glycogenolysis. Protein synthesis represents the rate by which cells build proteins, the building blocks of muscle. Nitrogen retention, this is important as all muscle tissue is comprised of approximately 16% nitrogen. The more nitrogen we retain, the more anabolic we remain. Conversely, a nitrogen deficiency results in a catabolic or muscle wasting state. Then we’re left with glycogenolysis, which refers to the relationship and conversion between glycogen and glucose. Through enhanced glycogenolysis, we are able to make better use of our total carbohydrate consumption. While in many ways these traits are quite simple, they are strong enough to make Dianabol a remarkably powerful anabolic steroid.

Another important trait of Dianabol and perhaps one of the most important of all is the relationship it shares with other anabolic steroids. Dbol as it’s often called is not what we’d label as a base steroid. This is not an anabolic steroid we build a cycle around, but rather one we add to a well-planned stack. Dianabol has the ability to create unbelievable synergy when conjoined with other anabolic steroids. For example, you could supplement with 100mg of Trenbolone, Masteron or Equipoise per day (doses and steroids are simply being used as an example, not actual recommendations) and the results you’d receive from 50mg per day of Trenbolone, Masteron or Equipoise along side 50mg of Dianabol per day would be far more dramatic. You would have an identical amount of total milligrams of anabolic steroids with or without Dianabol, but the added Dianabol would provide greater enhancement.

Effects of Dianabol:
The effects of Dianabol can be summed up as fast acting and dramatic. In fact, it is more than possible for the individual to gain as much as 20lbs of mass in only a few weeks of Dianabol use. Total dosing will play a role, as will total caloric consumption, but a 20lb gain is very realistic. This makes Dianabol a premier off-season bulking steroid, and that will be its most common purpose of use. During this phase of use, the individual should also expect his strength to increase significantly. Dbol is actually one of the best strength increasing steroids on the market and along with mass can produce this result rapidly.

The effects of Dianabol are also greatly appreciated by many athletes; however, it is not as common as it once was in athletic enhancement circles. Due to the possible rapid increases in mass, many athletes will opt for steroids like Anavar or Winstrol, but it generally depends on the purpose of use. Due to the rapid and pronounced increases in strength, which can translate into more power and speed, this can be a solid athletic enhancer. The individual should also experience a level of enhanced recovery and endurance. When it comes to the weight gain, it’s important to remember that this will largely revolve around total caloric intake. While the steroid can promote enormous amounts of mass, you have to feed the body enough calories to reach this end. We wouldn’t call this the best athletic enhancing steroid due to other options, but if strength is the only true concern it could be a decent option.

Then we’re left with the cutting cycle, and you will not find Dianabol in such plans too often. Some competitive bodybuilders will use it early on in a cutting phase in order to maintain fullness, and it will provide lean tissue protection; however, there are better options. One problem with cutting cycle use can be the level of water retention this steroid can provide, which is normally the last thing you want when cutting. Such retention can be controlled, and the ability for this steroid to maintain strength can be appreciated, but there are better options.

Side Effects of Dianabol:
There are several possible side effects of Dianabol use. This is not the most dangerous anabolic steroid of all time, but it can carry a host of potential problems. A healthy adult male can manage the side effects of Dianabol, but you must understand them and how to combat them to pull this off. In order to achieve successful supplementation, we have broken down the possible side effects of Dianabol into their related categories along with all you need to know:

Estrogenic:
Dianabol is a relatively strong estrogenic anabolic steroid due to the moderate level of aromatase activity it carries. While its aromatase activity is only moderate, this conversion actually leads Methandrostenolone to be converted to methylestradiol rather than estradiol, which is far more powerful than estradiol. This can make side effects like gynecomastia and water retention very possible with this steroid; in fact, they can appear seemingly overnight. Heavy water retention can also promote high blood pressure, which Dianabol is notorious for causing. Such effects can be controlled, and when it comes to high blood pressure this is something you’ll need to put some effort into ensuring does not become a problem.

In order to combat the estrogenic side effects of Dianabol, anti-estrogens are commonly recommended when supplementing with this steroid. You have two choices in anti-estrogens, Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators (SERM’s) like Nolvadex(Tamoxifen Citrate) and Aromatase Inhibitors (AI’s) like Femara (Letrozole). SERM’s can be enough for some men and should be your first choice if they can get the job done. However, AI’s will be far more effective as they will directly inhibit aromatization and reduce serum estrogen levels. Unfortunately, AI’s can negatively affect cholesterol, as can Dianabol, and when conjoined this can prove potentially problematic. If an AI is used cholesterol management will be a priority, and it will be possible. However, SERM’s, while not always as effective will actually promote healthier cholesterol levels due to their estrogenic like activity in the liver.

Androgenic:
Dianabol is not an extremely androgenic steroid, its androgenicity has been structurally reduced, but androgenic side effects are still possible. Such side effects of Dianabol use include acne, accelerated hair loss in those predisposed to male pattern baldness and body hair growth. Most men should not have a problem with such effects, response will be the final dictator, but most will remain clear. Although the odds are in your favor, such effects are brought on by Methandrostenolone being metabolized by the 5-alpha reductase enzyme. This is the same enzyme responsible for the reduction of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone, but the overall conversion here will result in very low amounts of dihydromethandrostenolone. This tells us 5-alpha reductase inhibitors like Finasteride that are often used to combat androgenic side effects will have very little if any affect on Dianabol.

Despite its reduced androgenicity, Dianabol can promote virilization symptoms in women. Such symptoms include body hair growth, a deepening of the vocal chords and clitoral enlargement. It is possible for some women to use this steroid without virilization symptoms with extremely low doses, but the odds are not favorable. Most all women should choose anabolic steroids with less translating androgenic activity to meet their needs.

Cardiovascular:
Dianabol can have a pronounced negative effect on cholesterol. This includes HDL cholesterol suppression and increases in LDL cholesterol, and the total changes can be significant. It is possible for total cholesterol levels to remain in a healthy range, but it is also possible for this healthy total reading to be misleading if HDL is suppressed heavily. Managing cholesterol during Dianabol use will be extremely important. Repeated use of this steroid as with many anabolic steroids could potentially lead to plaque buildup in the arteries overtime. It’s also extremely important to keep in mind the very possible additional strain on cholesterol brought on by the use of an AI when supplementing with Dianabol as total estrogen reductions will have a negative effect. Again, cholesterol maintenance will be extremely important.

As discussed, Dianabol can also play a negative role on blood pressure, which can be controlled by controlling water retention in most cases. When it comes to the blood pressure and cholesterol issues, the ultimate key to success will be your lifestyle. You should not supplement with this steroid if you already suffer from high blood pressure or cholesterol. If you are healthy enough for use, you should ensure your lifestyle is conducive to their maintenance. This should include a healthy diet that is rich in omega fatty acids, plenty of cardiovascular activity and an avoidance of any activity that promotes the opposite, negative end. Proper estrogen maintenance and control will also be important as estrogen plays an important role in cholesterol management. Yes, it is more than possible to supplement with Dianabol without high blood pressure and cholesterol, but you must put in the effort.

Testosterone:
All anabolic steroids suppress natural testosterone production. While the total rate of suppression varies from one steroid to the next, with Dianabol it is very pronounced. For this reason, most men are encouraged to include some form of exogenous testosterone with their Dianabol use. Failure to include exogenous testosterone, regardless of your genetics or rumors you have heard will lead to a low testosterone condition. Such a condition comes with a host of possible symptoms and is extremely unhealthy. Even if symptoms do not show or are moderate at best, a low level condition will remain an unhealthy one. If you include exogenous testosterone, this problem is solved as the body will have all the testosterone it needs.

Once the use of Dianabol is complete and all the exogenous steroidal hormones have cleared your system, natural testosterone recovery will begin again. Natural recovery assumes no prior low testosterone condition. It also assumes no damage was done to the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Testicular-Axis (HPTA) due to improper anabolic steroid use. While natural recovery will begin on its own, it will be slow. For this reason, most are encouraged to implement a Post Cycle Therapy (PCT) plan after anabolic steroid use. Such a plan will commonly include the SERM’s Nolvadex and Clomid, and often additional HCG. This will greatly speed up the recovery process, as well as its overall efficiency. It will not return your natural testosterone levels to normal on its own, if this is something you’ve been told it is a myth. However, it will ensure you have enough testosterone for proper bodily function while your levels continue to naturally rise. Total recovery will still take several months, but this will cut the total time down dramatically and ensure a smooth recovery.

Hepatotoxicity:
Dianabol is a C17-alpha alkylated anabolic steroid, and as a result, carries a hepatotoxic nature. The rate of hepatotoxicity can vary greatly from one C17-aa steroid to the next, and while Dbol is far from the most toxic, we can’t call it mild either. However, its total toxicity should not lead to liver damage if responsible use is followed and the liver was healthy to begin with. During use, liver enzyme values will increase, but it’s important to remember increases in values does not equate to damage but rather stress and potential damage. In order to avoid damage, use should be limited to 6 weeks of total use. There should also be at least 6 weeks of no C17-aa use before beginning a new course. However, most will not begin a new course until their next cycle.

In order to provide protection, beyond duration of use recommendations there are several points of consideration. When using a C17-aa steroid like Dianabol, it is extremely important that you avoid excess alcohol consumption, as excess will promote tremendous liver stress. In fact, avoiding all alcohol isn’t a bad idea. If that’s not appealing, keep in mind alcohol is perhaps the most anti-performance substance we can put in our body, and your total purpose of Dianabol use is performance enhancement.

Beyond alcohol, you should also avoid all over the counter (OTC) medications when possible. Many OTC medications carry strong hepatic natures, and in some cases, far more pronounced than many anabolic steroids. Use should be limited to when only absolutely necessary. Once all C17-aa steroid use has come to an end, liver detoxifiers supplements are also recommended.

Dianabol Administration:
Standard Dianabol doses will vary tremendously depending on experience and individual desires. Despite internet rumor and myth, a quality Dbol tablet will produce notable results with as little as 15mg per day. However, most will be far more satisfied with a 20-25mg per day dosing. Keep in mind, each time we increase the dose, this increases the probability of negative side effects and makes them more difficult to control. If a positive experience is enjoyed in the 20-25mg range, 30-35mg per day can be attempted if desired. 50mg per day would be the next step up, and that’s a big Dianabol dose, but manageable for the experienced anabolic steroid user. However, many will not need such a dose. Higher doses are not uncommon in some hardcore circles, you can easily find someone taking up to 100mg per day, but such doses cannot be recommended. Doses of this nature will produce side effects and be hard on your health. Even if you can control the visual side effects with such a dose, the internal effects can be a very different story.

Dianabol carries a half-life of 3-5 hours, and many often recommend splitting the daily dose into 2-3 small doses per day in an effort to maintain peak blood levels. However, even with 3 equal doses per day, you will still experience highs and lows in blood levels. Further, the maximum peak blood level will be much lower than it could have been if the total dosing was taken all at once. By taking the total daily dose at once, this will give you a higher peak level that you can time around your training and maximize during the crucial timing window that follows training. Regardless of which method you choose, you will find Dianabol to produce great results.

The final note on Dianabol administration is when to take it during a cycle. The most common point of use is as a kick-start to a new off-season mass gaining cycle. This will give the individual fast and notable gains early on while the slower injectable steroids are building in their system. This type of use will also result in the most dramatic gains in weight. Another option of use is mid-cycle during a period often referred to as plateau busting. During any cycle you will hit a wall and the gains will slow or come to a screeching halt. Introducing Dianabol during this phase will see you break through the plateau or sticking point, and your progress will continue. Due to the hepatotoxicity of Dbol, and due to the fact that most cycles will fall in the 8-12 week range, most will only use Dianabol for one of those purposes during a single cycle. However, in hardcore bodybuilding cycles that often extend well past the 12 week mark, it would be possible to implement both phases of use with necessary C17-aa breaks. Regardless of the type of use, dose or timing schedule you use, you will find Dianabol stacks well with all anabolic steroids. But it should not be used with another C17-aa anabolic steroid.

Cytomel is not the only synthetic thyroid hormone available. The T4 hormone, Levothyroxine Sodium is also available found under the trade name Synthroid most commonly. Both T3 and T4 are very similar in nature; however, T3 is considered 4-5 times more powerful than T4. T4, in simple terms, acts as a reserve for T3, which makes the Cytomel version the more powerful of the two popular thyroid hormones. While both are effective in treating hypothyroidism, Cytomel is the preferred thyroid hormone among performance enhancement athletes. Anabolic steroid users commonly use Cytomel in an effort to lose body fat.

Cytomel Functions & Traits:

Cytomel or T3 is a thyroid hormone that greatly affects the basil metabolic rate in a stimulating sense. This hormone is involved in many cellular functions including the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and proteins. When an individual is no longer producing enough of this hormone on his own, such as when suffering from hypothyroidism, the metabolism does not function properly. When suffering from hypothyroidism, the individual will find body fat gain to be very common and fat loss becomes extremely difficult. The individual also often experiences a loss of energy and even hair loss in some cases. By supplementing with Cytomel, this provides the body with the thyroid hormone it needs and the problem is solved.

It generally only takes a low dose of Cytomel to treat hypothyroidism. This will not necessarily promote enhanced fat loss, but it should return the metabolism back to proper working order. However, many performance enhancing athletes enjoy using Cytomel to in fact enhance direct fat loss. The use of Cytomel along side a calorie restricted diet will promote significant and accelerated fat loss. While effective, generally this type of use cannot be recommended without the use of anabolic steroids. This is one of the most powerfully effective fat loss tools we have at our disposal, but we cannot call it perfect. Many performance athletes report Cytomel leaves them lethargic, which isn’t surprising. Cytomel feeds off of raw ATP. Due to the necessarily higher doses needed to promote enhanced fat loss and due to the depletion of ATP, this can promote lean tissue loss. The body will take whatever it needs from wherever it can get it to meet its energy demands. For this reason, an anabolicprotectant is normally advised when supplementing with Cytomel for this purpose.

Effects of Cytomel:

The effects of Cytomel are generally the same regardless of the purpose of use, to treat hypothyroidism or enhance fat loss in a performance setting. In both instances, the hormone functions the same as a direct replica of the T3 hormone. Regardless of the initial reason for use, both individuals should be able to enjoy fat loss. The hypothyroidism patient should now have a more properly functioning metabolism, which will help them lose fat. Often this is welcomed as the individual probably put on a fair amount of fat due to the thyroid disorder. For the performance minded, again fat loss is merely accelerated.

Regardless of the specific reason for using Cytomel, while it will enhance the metabolic rate you will still need to diet. In order to lose body fat you must burn more calories than you consume. If you are consuming more than you burn all the Cytomel in the world won’t do anything for you. However, in a performance setting with an individual who already produces adequate amounts of T3, he may find he can now keep his total caloric intake a little higher than he would without it and still lose weight. Due to Cytomel use, the rate by-which calories are burned is now enhanced due to the administration of excess T3 hormone.

Some have also found that the use of Cytomel can be beneficial when using Human Growth Hormone (HGH), particularly when using high doses of HGH. Some data has shown that the use of HGH in high levels may reduce natural T3 production. We cannot call such Cytomel supplementation necessary, but it does appear to have some validity. Regardless, without question the individual who uses Cytomel and HGH in a fat loss plan will lose more body fat at a far more accelerated rate. This is due to HGH carrying tremendous metabolic enhancement properties. If the individual further includes a beta-2 stimulant like Clenbuterol, he will be a fat burning machine.

The final effect of Cytomel revolves around an anabolic nature. Some have suggested that Cytomel carries an anabolic advantage by enhancing the anabolic action of anabolic steroids. The idea is that anabolic steroids provide a greater utilization for carbohydrates, fats and proteins, and as discussed Cytomel promotes the metabolism of such nutrients. Conjoined, in theory this could promote a greater enhancement of the total body. However, while this theory exists and is deemed fact by some performance enhancing athletes, it lacks a lot of solid credibility. Most will find they should only rely on Cytomel for its direct intended purposes.

Side Effects of Cytomel:

Cytomel is generally viewed as a very well-tolerated hormone for most healthy adults; healthy excluding hypothyroidism. The side effects of Cytomel are most commonly associated with high or overdoses of the hormone, but the individualistic nature of man cannot be ruled out as playing a role. The possible side effects of Cytomel include:

Headache
Sweating
Irregular Heartbeat
Nervousness
Increased Bowel Motility
Menstrual Irregularities
Extremely high doses or over exposure to the T3 hormone can also lead to potential complications. The side effects of Cytomel in this category include:

Angina
Shock
Congestive Heart Failure
Hyperthyroidism
Generally speaking Cytomel is a very safe thyroid medication, but abuse, particular high dose long term exposure can be life threatening.

The final side effect of Cytomel that needs to be discussed is promoting hypothyroidism. Many fear using this hormone due to the idea of a possible hypothyroidism conditioning occurring once use is discontinued. The idea is that once use has come to an end the body will no longer produce enough of its own T3 and fat gain will occur. While it is possible to become dependent, it is highly unlikely with proper use. Proper use not only revolves around dosing and duration of use, but specifically how we discontinue use. Use should not be abruptly discontinued. Instead, the individual should drop down to a maintenance dose for a short period of time in order to allow his thyroid to reset. For the healthy individual who has not abused Cytomel, recovery should not be an issue.

Cytomel Administration:

For the purpose of treating hypothyroidism, Cytomel doses will normally begin at 25mcg per day. After a couple weeks of use, levels are normally rechecked and the dose may be increased by 25mcg. The dose may again be increased to 75mcg per day another two weeks later until a comfortable maintenance level dosing is found. 25-75mcg per day will be average with most finding 25-50mcg per day to be all that’s needed. Regardless of the dose, the entire daily dose can be taken once per day.

In a performance setting, Cytomel doses will be very similar to hypothyroidism treatment plans. The individual will normally begin with 25mcg per day and increase the total dose 12.5-25mcg every 2-4 weeks as needed. Most will find they will have no need to go above 75-100mcg per day, with the 125mcg per day range being acceptable for very short periods of time. Such a high dose might be acceptable at the end of a harsh contest diet but should not be a regular dose through the brunt of the diet. As for total use, 6-8 weeks will be the safest total duration. Longer can be acceptable, such as 8-12 weeks, but it does increase the risk of thyroid dependency. However, most healthy adults should not have an issue. Once you have reached your high end dose and it’s time to come off, you are encouraged to drop the dose down to 25mcg per day and hold at that dose for 7-10 days. This will allow the body to adjust and protect you from falling into hypothyroidism. For no reason should you discontinue use abruptly, the 7-10 day low dose is imperative.

 

Letrozole is an anti-estrogen of the Aromatase Inhibitor (AI) family and is one of the most potent and powerfully effective of all AI’s. In fact, its potency is sometimes too much for some to handle when used for off label use. Letrozole first gained U.S. FDA approval in 1997 and would hit the market under the brand name Femara through Novartis. Although Femara is the dominating trade name of the AI, unlike most AI’s it is the only one generally known by its chemical name Letrozole far more commonly than its dominating brand name.
Letrozole was first developed in an effort to combat breast cancer in post-menopausal women. In fact, it would prove to be virtually identical to the already popular AI in Arimidex (Anastrozole). While intended for breast cancer treatment, like many AI’s, it has found a welcomed home among anabolic steroid users. Letrozole is one of the most commonly used anti-estrogensamong steroid users during steroid use to combat possible estrogenic related side effects. It is so effective as an anti-estrogen in this regard many anabolic steroids have effectively reversed gynecomastia symptoms with Letrozole.

Letrozole Functions & Traits:
Letrozole is an AI, which holds the purpose of blocking the aromatase enzyme, which is in turn responsible for the production of estrogen. By inhibiting estrogen production, this lowers total serum estrogen levels in the body. This will be useful to the breast cancer patient on the basis of such cancer often feeding off the estrogen hormone. It will be beneficial to the anabolic steroid user as excess estrogen often leads to some of the most commonly associated side effects of anabolic steroid use.

Letrozole also carries the ability to increase natural testosterone production through an increase in Luteinizing Hormone (LH) and Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH). There have been physicians who have chosen Letro as it’s often known to treat low testosterone conditions, but this is normally not the preferred method of treatment. Without question, when it comes to low testosterone treatment exogenous testosterone is generally the only thing that makes sense. However, Letrozole can be useful in such a plan in conjunction with exogenous testosterone in order to combat possible side effects. We will look into this in the effects section.

Effects of Letrozole:
Letrozole as an anti-estrogen is extremely beneficial to breast cancer patients. Many forms of breast cancer actively feed off the estrogen hormone. By inhibiting the production of estrogen, which in turn lowers the amount of circulating estrogen in the body, this has the ability to starve the cancer. For years Nolvadex was the preferred form of treatment for this purpose. Nolvadex actively binds to the estrogen receptor, thereby preventing estrogen from binding. However, it does not inhibit or lower production. Nolvadex is still extremely valuable in breast cancer treatment plans, but many physicians, especially in extreme cases have begun to use AI’s first. Once the cancer is in remission, at this stage a SERM like Nolvadex may replace the AI in an effort to protect against the cancer reappearing.

For the anabolic steroid user, the same anti-estrogenic effect provided by Letrozole is tremendously beneficial. Many anabolic steroids have the ability to increase estrogen levels due to testosterone’s interaction with the aromatase enzyme. As estrogen levels rise, this can lead to gynecomastia and excess water retention. If water retention becomes severe, this can in turn promote high blood pressure. While many anabolic steroids have the ability to aromatize and promote an increase in estrogen, not all anabolic steroids carry this ability. However, many common steroids carry this ability including Methandrostenolone(Dianabol) as well as all forms of testosterone. The Nandrolone (Deca Durabolin, Durabolin, NPP, etc.) and Boldenone(Equipoise) hormone also carry the ability to aromatize to a degree. Nandrolone will aromatize at approximately 20% the rate of testosterone and Boldenone at approximately 50%. While both aromatize significantly less than testosterone, it is enough to promote estrogenic related side effects. The probability is increased with Nandrolone as it carries a strong progestin nature. Progesterone has the ability to stimulate the estrogenic mechanism and can lead to gynecomastia. AI’s like Letrozole can be useful when using all the aforementioned steroids.

By including Letrozole in a cycle that contains aromatizing anabolic steroids, this can prevent the estrogenic related side effects. This will protect the individual from gynecomastia and water retention. Further, while many steroids can promote high blood pressure despite aromatization, an AI will improve the individual’s odds when water retention is the culprit. Heavy excess water retention is normally the number one cause of high blood pressure among steroid users.

Undeniably, AI’s like Letrozole are the most effect means at combating estrogenic related side effects. However, they can also have a negative impact on cholesterol. Alone AI’s do not appear to have a strong, negative effect on cholesterol, but when coupled with an aromatizing steroid like testosterone the adverse cholesterol effect is enhanced. For this reason, many will find SERM’s like Tamoxifen Citrate (Nolvadex) should be their first choice in estrogen protection. SERM’s will not negatively affect cholesterol; in fact, SERM’s, while anti-estrogenic, actively act as estrogens in the liver, and in turn, promote healthier cholesterol levels. We’ll look at this in more detail in the side effect section, and while Letrozole can be used without an adverse cholesterol effect, it will take some effort on your part.

With its ability to promote natural testosterone production, Letrozole is often an appealing choice for Post Cycle Therapy (PCT) plans. This can also make it appealing for low testosterone treatment, but it’s often not enough. However, for PCT purposes, while it can be effective it’s generally not recommended. The primary purpose of PCT is stimulating natural testosterone production, which Letrozole can do very well. However, part of the purpose of PCT is also normalization, which will be difficult with severely suppressed estrogen levels. Estrogen is an important hormone as it promotes a stronger immune system and healthier cholesterol levels. For the anabolic steroid user, his best bet for PCT is sticking with SERM’s for his natural testosterone production needs.

Side Effects of Letrozole:
The side effects of Letrozole will cover a wide breadth and will be very similar to Arimidex. Both weakness and fatigue are two of the most common side effects of Letrozole use. However, for the anabolic steroid user this will normally not be an issue. The use of anabolic steroids should prevent such states so as long as estrogen suppression isn’t taken too far. The exception would be its use during a hard bodybuilding contest prep cycle. During a harsh bodybuilding diet, the individual will normally be very weak and fatigue at the end of his diet due to tremendously intense training and very low caloric intake. Beyond possible energy issues, the most common side effects of Letrozole use include:

Headaches
High Blood Pressure
Hot Flashes
Joint Pain
Depression
Letrozole has also been shown to have the ability to notably decrease bone mineral content, which could increase the risk of osteoporosis. This should, however, not be a big risk for the anabolic steroid as most steroids have the ability to promote bone mineral content to a degree, especially Nandrolone. As with all medications and anything we put into our body, the side effects of Letrozole will largely surround possible and not guaranteed. We are all different and respond to varying substances differently. This is something you need to keep in mind, and if the side effects of Letrozole prove to be too much to handle, alternative medications should be looked at.

The final side effect of Letrozole surrounds cholesterol, specifically a reduction in HDL cholesterol. Alone it does not appear to have a strong, statistical impact, but for the anabolic steroid user this can be a concern. Many anabolic steroids already have the ability to negatively affect cholesterol, and when conjoined with an AI it appears to be greatly exasperated. Studies have shown that therapeutic doses of testosterone have very little negative effect on cholesterol but the same doses can suppress HDL cholesterol by as much as 25% when combined with an AI. When testosterone is administered at a supraphysiological level, a minimal level of HDL suppression is normally expected. When the same dosing level is conjoined with an AI data shows that a 20% or greater suppression of HDL cholesterol is a very real possibility.

Due to the possible adverse effects on cholesterol, especially for the anabolic steroid user, a cholesterol friendly lifestyle becomes imperative. A healthy lifestyle will greatly revolve around your diet. Simple sugars and saturated fats should be limited and omega fatty acids should be a large part of your diet. Daily fish oil supplementation is recommended. Many may also find a cholesterol antioxidant supplement to be useful. Further, implementing plenty of cardiovascular activity into your routine is very important. Some type of daily cardiovascular activity is advised.

Because of the potential cholesterol issues, many anabolic steroid users will need to use SERM’s to combat estrogenic side effects when possible. SERM’s won’t always get the job done, but they can work and will work a lot better than many steroid users believe. If an AI is needed, some have suggested that a daily dose of Nolvadex at 10mg per day with your AI could help protect cholesterol levels due to SERM’s actively promoting healthier cholesterol levels.

Letrozole Administration:
In the treatment of breast cancer, the standard Letrozole dose will normally be 2.5mg per day. This is an extremely potent dose and will normally be administered until the cancer subsides. In many cases, at the point of remission the patient will switch from Letrozole to Nolvadex in a preventative treatment plan scenario.

For the anabolic steroid user, Letrozole doses will normally be much lower. Even with the use of anabolic steroids, a 2.5mg dosing will normally be too high and could potentially drain the individual of energy; in fact, it’s almost guaranteed. The only exception we could make for such a dose would be to combat early gynecomastia symptoms. If symptoms begin to show 7-14 days at a dose of 2.5mg per day can reverse the symptoms. Once symptoms begin to fade away the individual should be able to tapper down to a more manageable dose and maintain it for the remainder of the cycle. If this doesn’t work there’s a good chance the symptoms have already set in beyond remedy. When this happens the only thing that will remove your gynecomastia is surgery. For standard estrogenic related protection, most men will find 0.5-1mg every other day to be more than enough. When used as an anti-estrogen in low testosterone treatment plans, even less may be needed. For the competitive bodybuilder, the final 7-14 days before competition, a full 1mg per day leading up to the show can be a solid dose and will greatly help with dryness and a tighter look. This is, however, not a dose most would want to maintain for an extended period of time as it can be harsh.

Sustanon is without question the most popular testosterone mixture on the planet. Where most testosterone compounds are single ester compounds, Sustanon 250 is comprised of four distinct esters; four distinct testosterone compounds conjoined into one. Developed by Organon for the purpose of infrequent Testosterone Replacement Therapy (TRT) treatment, while effective it would soon be held as vital to many performance enhancing athletes; after all, Organon has for years manufactured some of the best anabolic steroids on earth.

When it comes to Sustanon’s original intent, the idea was to create a testosterone compound comprised of varying sized esters that would allow for instant testosterone benefits that would be long lasting. Of course, this hope would prove to be successful; in-fact, a TRT patient could actually remedy his low testosterone condition with only one injection of Sustanon 250 every three to four weeks. Even so, due to a mixture of small and large esters, a problem was later discovered; while low testosterone would be remedied, total testosterone levels would rise and fall beyond appropriate or satisfactory means. For this reason, if levels are to be maintained at a more stable level, one injection every teen to fourteen days is probably more efficient, and for this reason, many U.S. physicians often opt for large single ester testosterone compounds like Testosterone Cypionate.

While the original intent of Sustanon was for TRT, this can be an excellent choice for performance enhancing athletes; after all, Sustanon 250 is merely testosterone. Even so, due to the mixture of four varying esters, if levels are to remain not only stable but also peaked at all times, despite large esters being a part of the compound every other day injections are normally recommended. You might be able to get by with three injections per week, but an every other day schedule will prove far more efficient. With all of this in mind, we want to look at Sustanon , what it is precisely, what it has to offer, the side effects associated, and of course, what you can do about them in-order to achieve successful supplementation.

Sustanon Traits & Nature:

As stated above, Sustanon is a four part testosterone mixture; specifically it is comprised of Testosterone Propionate, Testosterone Phenylpropionate, Testosterone Isocaproate and Testosterone Decanoate. Through this mixture, the Propionate and Phenylpropionate esters represent the small esters and will provide fast acting testosterone benefits while the Decanoate ester, a truly massive ester will ensure the benefits are long lasting; the Isocaproate ester fills the role in the middle. Of course, its not enough for these esters to be conjoined together, in-order for Sustanon 250 to exist they must be conjoined together in a precise manner; otherwise, it is not Sustanon 250.

The precise composition of Sustanon is as follows:

30mg/ml Testosterone Propionate
60mg/ml Testosterone Phenylpropionate
60mg/ml Testosterone Isocaproate
100mg/ml Testosterone Decanoate
If you come across a product claiming to be Sustanon, if it is not comprised exactly as listed above, if it carries varying esters or even the same esters at different doses it is not Sustanon 250; the above is what defines and separates this testosterone form. As a testosterone compound, in many ways everything that can be said of all single ester testosterone compounds can be said of Sustanon; in the end, it all comes down to personal preference. At any rate, as a pure testosterone compound, Sustanon carries an anabolic and androgenic rating of 100 in both categories, and is a highly versatile steroidal hormone. Identical to the testosterone you naturally produce, Sustanon 250 carries all the sexually related traits and plays intrinsic roles on our sexual and physical health and to a degree even our general state of mind and overall well-being.

A compound that has the ability to greatly enhance protein synthesis, this is important as protein is the building block of muscle tissue and synthesis represent the rate by-which cells build proteins. Further, Sust as its often called will enhance nitrogen retention in the muscle tissue; all lean muscle tissue is comprised of 16% nitrogen, and the more we retain the more anabolic we remain; our anabolic atmosphere is enhanced. While these two factors are primary and important traits, Sust is not done yet. Often ignored but truly valuable is this hormones ability to increase the production and release of Insulin-Like Growth Factor-1 (IGF-1). IGF-1 is highly anabolic, a peptide hormone produced by all human beings and it plays important roles revolving around our total recovery; in-fact, IGF-1 will affect nearly every cell in the human body.

Enhanced protein synthesis, nitrogen retention and IGF-1 are all important factors, but Sustanon continues to not disappoint. Through supplementation, red blood cell count is increased, and as red blood cells carry oxygen to and through the blood this results in greater blood oxygenation. Then we have glucocorticoid suppression; simply put, the suppression and reduction of stress hormones. These nasty hormones, cortisol being the most well-known are in many ways the opposite of anabolic hormones in that they destroy muscle tissue and promote fat gain; Sustanon will see such hormones suppressed.

A hormone that aromatizes heavily, like all testosterone compounds Sustanon 250 can lead to adverse estrogen effects. Further, due to its heavy androgenic activity, this is a steroid that cannot be recommended to women or virilization will occur. Absolutely, women need testosterone, and they can suffer from low testosterone, but if therapeutic treatment is needed a single ester compound is easier to control. As for performance enhancement, the doses necessary to promote such performance will always lead to some level of virilization and on this basis other steroids must be chosen; specifically steroids that possess low androgenic activity and low virilization ratings.

Testosterone ReplacementTherapy Benefits of Sustanon:

When it comes to Testosterone Replacement Therapy, the benefits of Sustanon are fairly straightforward; your testosterone levels are low, Sust is pure testosterone, and through administration the problem is solved. Through supplementation, each and every last symptom of low testosterone can and will be reversed, and as a result, your overall quality of life enhanced. Those who suffer from low testosterone often find their libido is severely diminished and often erectile dysfunction becomes a problem, but these are hardly the only symptoms. A loss of muscle mass and strength is often common as is increased body-fat, and this can all occur despite proper exercise and dieting habits. Further, those who suffer often find their energy levels drained, they become depressed, suffer from insomnia and their immune system weakens; not to mention they suffer from a lack of mental clarity and open the door to many far more serious conditions. When low testosterone is ignored, it has been shown to be a contributor to leading to diabetes, osteoporosis and even Alzheimers disease. Thankfully, if you suffer from low levels, Sustanon 250 can ensure you suffer no more, and the odds of you falling prey to the more serious conditions will be greatly improved.

Performance Benefits of Sustanon:

In many ways, there is a lot of crossover as it pertains to TRT and performance based supplementation of Sustanon, but in this case, were referring to supraphysiological doses. In a TRT plan, we are supplementing with testosterone in-order to bring our levels back to normal, but with performance the idea is to increase them beyond what can normally be achieved in-order for more testosterone to be available to do what testosterone does best. In any case, when it comes to the performance benefits of Sustanon 250, they can largely be broken down into three categories, bulking, cutting and overall enhancement.

Bulking: with supplementation and adequate calories present, you will be able to gain more lean mass as well as see your strength increase. Further, due to the metabolic enhancing properties of testosterone, you will be able to do so with less body-fat accumulation that normally accompanies mass gaining phases.
Cutting: when it comes to the cutting cycle, many often think of other steroids before they think of Sustanon or any testosterone compound, but exogenous testosterone can be essential to a successful plan. Through use, you will ensure you preserve as much lean tissue as possible while calories are restricted, and this is invaluable. When we diet, in-order to lose body-fat our caloric intake must be at a deficit level; we must burn more calories than we consume in-order to burn body-fat. As a result, lean tissue is often lost, but Sust will protect it, and the more lean tissue you hold onto the more fat you’ll burn. Couple this with testosterones metabolic enhancing properties and you’re a fat burning machine.
Overall Enhancement: regardless of your purpose of use, bulking, cutting or to simply enhance athletic performance, you will find Sustanon is one of the most versatile steroidal compounds on earth. Regardless of your purpose of use, your muscular endurance will be enhanced as will your overall rate of recovery, and those two traits alone make this a steroid worthy of consideration. When we look at all these benefits and how testosterone affects the body in its every day functional sense, the benefits of Sustanon 250 as you can see are truly vast.
The Side Effects of Sustanon:

As a heavily aromatizing steroid, the primary side-effects of Sustanon 250 will be those of an estrogenic nature as the aromatase process refers to the conversion of testosterone into estrogen. As estrogen levels increase, this can lead to gynecomastia and excess water retention, which can in-turn promote high blood pressure. For this reason, its often advised that the use of an Aromatase Inhibitor (AI) be present with the use of any testosterone compound; Anastrozole (Arimidex) and Letrozole (Femara) are always your best choices. By their natural mode of action, AIs will inhibit the aromatase process from occurring and even lower the bodys total estrogen levels; problem solved. It should be noted; Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators (SERMs) can also protect against gynecomastia by binding to the receptors in the place of estrogen; however, they will not inhibit aromatase or reduce estrogen levels. This means SERMs cannot offer protection beyond gynecomastia, and depending on your dosing and overall sensitivity they may not be enough to protect you from that; AIs are the only true answer.

While AIs can offer a lot of protection, and with supraphysiological doses of testosterone they’re often recommended, they can have a negative impact on your lipid profiles as can supraphysiological doses of testosterone to a degree. Its not uncommon to see LDL levels increase and HDL levels decrease, but all hope is not lost. For this reason, it is imperative you do not supplement if you have high cholesterol, but if healthy you should give extra effort into ensuring the continuation of such healthy levels. A great place to start is with the consumption of plenty of omega fatty acids as they will increase your HDL levels, which will in-turn regulate your LDL levels.

Notes on Sustanon Side-Effects:

You should not supplement if you have high blood pressure.
You should not supplement it you have high cholesterol.
You should not supplement if you suffer from prostate enlargement.
You should not supplement if youre not a healthy adult male.
Weve already looked at blood pressure and cholesterol, and while prostate enlargement is unlikely with testosterone use, it is possible, and the problem could be exasperated if you already suffer. The testosterone hormone has the ability to convert into dihydrotestosterone (DHT), the androgen that causes prostate enlargement, but it takes a massive DHT buildup for a healthy prostate to fall prey. Further, DHT buildups of a massive nature can induce hair-loss in men who are predisposed to male-pattern baldness; however, if you are predisposed you were going to lose your hair anyway.

It must be noted; when it comes to the side effects of Sustanon 250, TRT patients rarely have a large concern; after all, theyre merely replacing, they are not enhancing. With TRT level doses, we are not presenting a hormone we are unfamiliar with or surpassing levels our body is unaccustomed to; once again, we are merely replacing what we are lacking with a hormone we are very familiar with. Then we have adolescent use, and in no way can such use be recommended unless under severe therapeutic need due to the damage it could cause to a fragile and underdeveloped androgen system.

Nolvadex is a popular and powerfully effective Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulator (SERM) that is often referred to as an anti-estrogen. However, while being an antagonist it is also an agonist as it will actually act as estrogen in certain parts of the body while acting as an anti-estrogen in other areas. As one of the oldest SERM’s on the market that is still regularly used medicinally, while Nolvadex is also used by anabolic steroid users it is not an anabolic steroid. This is an important note as some are often confused by its use in steroid cycles. Nolvadex is simply a SERM.
Nolvadex, officially known as Tamoxifen Citrate, was first developed in 1961 by ICI now AstraZeneca under the trade name Nolvadex. The SERM was developed to treat breast cancer, specifically hormone-responsive breast cancer. However, it has also been effectively used in breast cancer prevention. Then we have anabolic steroid users, and it was long ago discovered that Nolvadex had a place among such individuals. Nolva, as it’s commonly known, can be used as an anti-estrogen during an anabolic steroid cycle in order to prevent estrogenic related side effects. It is also used as part of a Post Cycle Therapy (PCT) recovery plan, which is its most common and beneficial point of use for the steroid user.

Nolvadex Functions & Traits:

Tamoxifen Citrate is a SERM with both estrogen agonist and antagonist properties. As an anti-estrogen, Nolvadex functions by binding to the estrogen receptors in the place of estrogen. This binding prevents the estrogen hormone from performing its action in certain parts of the body, which is precisely why it’s beneficial to breast cancer patients. Many forms of breast cancer actually feed off estrogen when it attaches to the receptors in the chest. By preventing the attachment in such receptors, this also protects anabolic steroid users from gynecomastia, which can be caused by anabolic steroids that aromatize such as Testosterone, Dianabol, and Nandrolone and Boldenone to a degree.

While primarily viewed as an anti-estrogen, Nolvadex also has the ability to act as estrogen, specifically in the liver. This presents a benefit as estrogenic activity in the liver has been linked to healthier cholesterol levels. For the steroid user, this can be extremely beneficial as many anabolic steroids tend to have an adverse effect on cholesterol. More on this when we look at the direct effects of Nolvadex later on.

Although primarily an anti-estrogen, Nolvadex also possess strong testosterone stimulating characteristics. Nolvadex has the ability to block the negative feedback that is brought on by estrogen at the hypothalamus and pituitary. As a result, this stimulates an enhanced release by the pituitary of Luteinizing Hormone (LH) and Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH). Both LH and FSH are essential to natural testosterone production. Without LH and FSH, with an even stronger emphasis on LH, there is no natural testosterone production.

Effects of Nolvadex:

For the breast cancer patient, the effects of Nolvadex are very straightforward. By blocking the estrogen hormone from attaching the cancer is unable to feed on the hormone necessary to its survival. While effective, it’s not always the only compound used or even the first. Often Aromatase Inhibitors (AI’s) are used early on as they have the ability to lower serum estrogen levels. In time, a switch from an AI to a SERM like Nolvadex will be made. In a preventative situation, those who have a strong family history of breast cancer may prevent it by Nolvadex use early on.

For the anabolic steroid user, the primary effect of Nolvadex on cycle is in the prevention of gynecomastia. Nolvadex does not appear to have a strong effect in preventing the other primary estrogenic effect in water retention, but this can often be controlled in other ways. As for gynecomastia protection, this can be enough for many men and should be your first choice if it can get the job done. If not, you will need an AI like Arimidex (Anastrozole) or Femara (Letrozole). However, AI’s can have a negative effect on cholesterol. Alone AI’s do not appear to have a strong, negative effect, but when coupled with an aromatizing steroid this effect appears to be exasperated. Cholesterol can be controlled with the use of an AI, but if it can get the job done a SERM like Nolvadex should be your first choice. As an added bonus, remember this SERM will have a positive impact on your cholesterol levels.

The final effect of Nolvadex represents the most valuable one for the anabolic steroid user. The use of anabolic steroids will suppress natural testosterone production. The rate of suppression will be dependent on the steroid(s) being used, but in most cases, it will be significant. Once the use of anabolic steroids comes to an end, assuming the individual did not suffer from a prior low testosterone condition and did not damage his Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Testicular-Axis (HPTA) through improper practices, natural testosterone production will begin again. This natural production will begin on its own, however, there is a problem. Once you come off cycle your natural testosterone levels will be extremely low and while production will begin again they will remain low for a very long time. It will take months and months for the body to fully recover its prior high natural testosterone levels. In fact, it could take up to a year or more depending on the harshness of the cycle and the individual’s general dispositions. This means the individual will be in a state of low testosterone for quite some time, and that can come with a host of bothersome symptoms. This condition can include all the symptoms associated with low testosterone. Further, with testosterone levels low, the individual may very well lose a lot of muscle tissue gained through steroid use as cortisol becomes the dominant hormone in the body.

Due to the low testosterone issues after a cycle of anabolic steroids, most men are encouraged to implement a PCT plan that includes Nolvadex post anabolic steroid use. Solid PCT plans often contain Nolvadex as well as the SERM Clomid (Clomiphene Citrate) and the powerful peptide hormone HCG (Human Chorionic Gonadotropin). By implementing this PCT plan, you will greatly stimulate natural testosterone production, speed up the recovery process and greatly protect your physique. Once the PCT plan comes to an end, contrary to popular belief your testosterone levels will not be resting at their normal high level state. Total recovery will still take a lot of time. However, a PCT plan that includes Nolvadex will ensure you have enough testosterone for proper bodily function while your levels continue to naturally rise.

There are many performance enhancing athletes that scoff at PCT plans, and there is a time to forgo them. If you’re only going to be off cycle for a short period of time, say 4-6 weeks or are cruising on a low testosterone dose between full blown cycles, there is no logical reason for a PCT plan. Such scenarios are very common in hardcore bodybuilding circles but they are not realistic for most anabolic steroid users. Most steroid users will take a fair amount of time off cycle, and in the name of health and wellbeing this is the best approach. If this is the case, there is no logical reason for forgoing PCT, and we can guarantee those that implement it will be far better off.

Side Effects of Nolvadex:

There are possible side effects of Nolvadex use, but we will find this is a very well-tolerated SERM for most men and women. However, there are possible side effects but they are generally very rare. Most men will not have the first problem. The side effects of Nolvadex will be a little more common in women but even then they are not all that common. The possible side effects of Nolvadex use include:

Vaginal Itching, bleeding, discharge or discomfort
Hot Flashes
Upset Stomach
Headaches
The above are the most common side effects of Nolvadex. Other possible side effects of Nolvadex although less common than above include:

Rash
Decreased White Blood Cell Count
Endometrial Changes
Increased Triglyceride Levels
Pulmonary Embolism
When it comes to the side effects of Nolvadex that really is all there is to it. Undoubtedly some of those effects do not sound all that pleasant, but again, most all the side effects of Nolvadex are fairly rare. As a final note, women who are pregnant or who may become pregnant should not for any reason take Nolvadex. Such use can potentially be very damaging to the developing child.

Nolvadex Administration:

Nolvadex is used in numerous breast cancer plans. There are six specific breast cancer treatment plans that can include male and female treatment. Regardless of the specific breast cancer scenario, standard Nolvadex doses normally fall in the 10-20mg ranges two times per day. An initial 40mg per day dose is very commonplace. Once breast cancer has been eliminated, it’s not uncommon for a 10-20mg per day dose to continue indefinitely.

For the purpose of estrogenic side effect protection during anabolic steroid use, 10-20mg per day is common. If 20mg per day does not protect you from gynecomastia you will need an AI. If you cannot control water retention with this dose you may also need to consider an AI, but with a sound diet that is not overabundant in calories, especially carbohydrates, water retention should be controlled. Many performance athletes often inaccurately blame the steroids for their tremendous water retention, when in truth a lot of the time they’re eating more than they need. Overeating will cause you to hold water, add in aromatizing steroids and this will be worse. Control your diet and control estrogen through SERM’s and most should be fine. If an AI is needed and in heavy cycles and contest cycles they normally are, controlling cholesterol will become even more important.

For the purpose of PCT, standard Nolvadex doses will normally begin at 40mg per day. The dose will normally hold at 40mg per day for a couple weeks, reduce to 20mg per day for a couple weeks and then finish with an optional week or two at 10mg per day. How your cycle ends will determine when you begin your Nolvadex therapy. If HCG is included, this will also affect the timing.

If your cycle ends with any large ester base anabolic steroids, you will begin Nolvadex 2 weeks after your last injection.
If your cycle ends with all small ester base anabolic steroids, you will begin your Nolvadex 3 days after your last injection.
If your cycle ends with any large ester base anabolic steroids, you will begin HCG ten days after your last injection and begin Nolvadex after HCG therapy is complete.
If your cycle ends with all small ester base anabolic steroids, you will begin HCG 3 days after your last injection and begin Nolvadex after HCG therapy is complete.

Proviron represents one of the oldest anabolic androgenic steroids on the market. A product of the giant pharmaceutical company Schering, it would first appear in 1934. Officially known as Mesterolone, it has appeared under numerous brand names over the years, but the Proviron name has continually remained dominant. It has also remained one of the most misunderstood anabolic steroids among steroid users.
In many ways, Proviron is a very unique anabolic steroid. It shares some strong similarities to Masteron (Drostanolone) and to a degree Anavar (Oxandrolone) and Winstrol (Stanozolol) but in totality it is its own unique animal. In a performance capacity, Proviron is not used to promote large buildups in mass, although it can serve an important purpose during such a phase of training. We will, however, find Proviron to be far more common in cutting cycles, but once again its purpose will be somewhat unique.

As a therapeutic agent, Proviron is one of the most commonly used anabolic steroids in modern medicine. However, the Mesterolone hormone has never been approved by the U.S. FDA. It will primarily be found in European medicine, especially in Western Europe. The primary purpose of use is treating androgen deficiencies, age being the most common culprit of the condition. It is, however, also used in pre-pubescent males as well. The hormone is also used as a fertility aid in men and this alone makes it a very unique anabolic steroid as most anabolic steroids tend to have the opposite effect.

Proviron Functions & Traits:
Mesterolone is a dihydrotestosterone (DHT) derived anabolic androgenic steroid. Specifically it is a structurally altered DHT hormone possessing the addition of a methyl group at the carbon one position. This allows the hormone to survive oral ingestion by protecting it from hepatic breakdown. This is one of the only oral anabolic steroids that is not C17-alpha alkylated (C17-aa) but instead carries the added methyl group. Oral Primobolan is the other most well-known oral steroid that carries this same methyl group. While the added methyl group does in fact protect it from breakdown, the total bioavailability of Proviron will be far less than most all C17-aa oral steroids. For this reason it has fallen out of popularity among many performance enhancing athletes but as we will see perhaps unjustifiably so.

Proviron carries an androgenic rating of 30-40 and an anabolic rating of 100-150. All ratings derive from and are measured against testosterone, which carries a rating of 100 in both categories. Despite having an anabolic rating that is potentially greater than testosterone, Proviron will display very low anabolic traits. This is very similar to Halotestin (Fluoxymesterone), which carries a massive anabolic rating but very little translatable anabolic activity. In the case of Proviron, while structurally very anabolic, the Mesterolone hormone converts and reduces to Diol metabolites, in turn reducing anabolic activity. However, Proviron’s androgenic rating is a different story. In fact, its translatable androgenic activity appears to commonly be higher than its structural rating would imply.

On a functional basis, Proviron carries four primary traits that largely define its mode of action. First and foremost the Mesterolone hormone has a strong binding affinity to Sex-Hormone-Binding-Globulin (SHBG). In fact, it appears to be one of the strongest anabolic steroids in this regard. By binding to SHBG, a hormone partially responsible for reducing free testosterone, binding SHBG will enhance the amount of circulating free testosterone. More importantly for the anabolic steroid user, it will make a larger percentage of the anabolic steroids used available in a free rather than bound state. A simple way to look at it is the anabolic steroids you’re taking become more powerful and potent.

Proviron also has the ability to interact with the aromatase enzyme, the enzyme responsible for the conversion of testosterone to estrogen. By binding to the aromatase enzyme, Proviron can actually inhibit aromatase activity, thereby offering protection against estrogenic side effects. It will not carry an anti-estrogenic effect near the level of power of an Aromatase Inhibitor (AI) but it will be notable. Depending on the nature of the cycle the individual undertakes it is quite possible for Proviron to take care of all your anti-estrogen needs.

The Mesterolone hormone will also carry a strong binding affinity to the androgen receptor. Once again this will promote the functionality of other steroids to a degree but more importantly promote enhanced metabolic activity through direct lipolysis. Then we’re left with the final issue that surrounds Proviron as a fertility medication. This is an anabolic steroid that does not suppress gonadotropins similarly to other anabolic steroids. With minimal suppression and its extremely strong androgenicity, this will enhance sperm production as androgens are necessary to spermatogenesis stimulation. This not only enhances the amount of sperm produced but greatly and equally important enhances the quality of the sperm. Before we go any further understand Proviron does have the ability to suppress gonadotropins, but there’s a line that has to be crossed for notable suppression to interfere with sperm production. This will make sense once we dive into the side effects section.

Effects of Proviron:
During a bulking phase Proviron is not going to be a foundational steroid, and for most men it will not have a place in an off-season cycle. There are exceptions and we’ll go over those here. Adding in Proviron could possibly help the individual breakthrough a sticking point during his cycle. At some point and time in all cycles the progress begins to wane, and in some cases come to a complete halt. By the way Proviron enhances the total free state of the other steroids being used in a stack, it could possibly help the individual breakthrough this sticking point. During the off-season, this is where most will use the largest amount of testosterone. Many will use large amounts during cutting cycles too, especially competitive bodybuilders but lower testosterone plans are more common during the cutting phase. However, there are those for numerous reasons who choose to run off-season cycles with limited testosterone doses. In such plans, including Proviron could give them a slight needed androgen boost. While it may not always be necessary it could prove to be beneficial.

Without question the best time to use Proviron will be during the cutting phase. This steroid has the ability to provide a bit of a hardening effect similar to Masteron, but more importantly the hardening effects of other steroids will be enhanced. Then we consider its strong binding to the androgen receptor, which will in fact enable the individual to burn body fat at a far more efficient rate. From here we must consider the anti-estrogen effect of Proviron. This will ensure the individual is less prone to water retention and as discussed, depending on the total cycle, it could negate the need for a traditional anti-estrogen. Then we’re once again left with the enhancement of circulating free testosterone. This can be a tremendous benefit when testosterone levels are often much lower during this phase of anabolic steroid use. In fact, with a low dosed testosterone cycle that includes other anabolic steroids, we can confidently say the total results will be greater for the individual who includes Proviron compared to the one who does not. In the end, the primary base benefit is the increased androgenicity of other steroids being used in order to promote a much harder and far more defined physique. It should be noted while Proviron can most certainly provide these traits they will not be noticeable unless you are lean.

Side Effects of Proviron:
There are possible side effects of Proviron use; however, this steroid carries one of the highest safety ratings among all anabolic steroids. Most men will be able to use this steroid without any negative issue, but possible side effects do exist despite a low probability. When it comes to female use, in a therapeutic or performance capacity this steroid cannot be recommended. The rate of virilization is much to high and should be avoided by females who wish to protect their femininity. In order to help you understand the possible side effects of Proviron, we have broken them down into their separate categories along with everything you need to know.

[1] Estrogenic:
The Mesterolone hormone is not estrogenic. It does not aromatize and it carries no progestin nature. As a result, the side effects of Proviron will not include any related effects such as gynecomastia or excess water retention. Such adverse effects are impossible with this steroid. This will also greatly reduce the risk of high blood pressure as high blood pressure associated with anabolic steroid use is often due to extreme water retention. In fact, Proviron should provide an anti-estrogenic effect by preventing testosterone to estrogen conversion or at least tremendously slow it down.

[2] Androgenic:
The side effects of Proviron can include those of an androgenic nature. This shouldn’t be surprising when we consider androgenic action is this steroid’s primary purpose. Such side effects of Proviron can include acne, accelerated hair loss in those predisposed to male pattern baldness and body hair growth. Such effects are highly dependent on genetic predispositions. For example, those who are not genetically prone to male pattern baldness will not lose any hair. Those who are not sensitive to acne should not have any issues with breakouts. It’s also important to note that the 5-alpha reductase enzyme does not metabolize the Mesterolone hormone. There is no conversion to DHT, it’s already DHT and as a result 5-alpha reductase inhibitors like Finasteride will have very little to no affect on the steroid’s androgenicity.

Due to the potent androgenicity of Proviron, it will lead to severe virilization in women. This can and will more than likely include body hair growth, a deepening of the vocal chords and clitoral enlargement. Women are highly cautioned against using this anabolic steroid. There are several steroids that carry much lower virilization ratings such as Anavar and Primobolan. Such steroids should always be a female’s first choice.

[3] Cardiovascular:
Cardiovascular strain, particularly cholesterol issues will be the most concerning side effect of Proviron. This anabolic steroid can negatively affect cholesterol at a far more pronounced rate than most anabolic steroids. If you suffer from high cholesterol you should not touch this steroid. If you are healthy enough for use you will need to keep a close eye on your levels.

The Mesterolone hormone has the ability to greatly affect HDL and LDL cholesterol. Studies have shown that this steroid has the ability to reduce HDL cholesterol (good cholesterol) by more than 30% and increase LDL cholesterol (bad cholesterol) by more than 60%. It is very possible to use Proviron without harsh cholesterol issues becoming a concern, but it will take some effort. A very cholesterol friendly diet is imperative. This should include an abundant amount of omega fatty acids; you should be supplementing with large amounts of fish oils every day. The individual’s diet should also be extremely limited in saturated fats as well as simple sugars. A cholesterol antioxidant is also recommended when using Proviron. While annoying to some, you should also include plenty of cardiovascular training into your routine. If you’re going to use this steroid you are highly recommended to follow these recommendations. If for some reason you can’t then you should not use this anabolic steroid.

[4] Testosterone:
All anabolic androgenic steroids are suppressive to natural testosterone on some level. The rate of suppression varies greatly between steroids and with Proviron it can be very minimal. Studies have shown that it’s more than possible to use the Mesterolone hormone without any significant reduction in natural testosterone production. This doesn’t mean it’s not suppressed at all, it simply means it’s minimal and rather inconsequential. A total dosing of 150mg per day or less should not have a notable effect on natural testosterone production. As the total dose begins to increase beyond this marking so will the rate of suppression. However, there really is no benefit in increasing the dose above 150mg per day for any man.

Due to minimal testosterone suppression, it is possible to use this anabolic steroid without exogenous testosterone or at least with a very minimal amount. An individual could implement a cycle of Anavar along with Proviron and keep his testosterone levels from falling to a very low range. However, most will be using other anabolic steroids that are highly suppressive to natural testosterone production along with Proviron making the use of exogenous testosterone imperative. Those who do not include it will put their body into a low testosterone state. Such a state can come with numerous bothersome symptoms and is extremely unhealthy.

Regardless of the specifics of the cycle, once all anabolic steroid use has come to an end natural testosterone production will begin again. Most are encouraged to implement a Post Cycle Therapy (PCT) plan at this stage. A PCT plan will speed up the recovery process; however, it will not return you to normal on its own. Total recovery will take time but it will take much longer without a PCT plan. With a PCT plan, you will ensure you have enough testosterone for proper bodily function while your levels continue to naturally rise over time. It should be noted; natural recovery assumes no prior existing low testosterone condition. It also assumes no severe damage was done to the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Testicular-Axis (HPTA) due to improper anabolic steroid use.

[5] Hepatotoxicity:
Despite being an oral anabolic steroid, Proviron is not hepatotoxic. This is not a C17-aa anabolic steroid and will not burden the liver with any stress or damage.

Proviron Administration:
Standard Proviron doses to treat androgen or male fertility will normally fall in the 50-75mg per day range. Normally the total dosing is split into 2-3 25mg doses per day. In androgen deficiency plans, the total dosing almost always starts at 75mg per day and slowly reduces to 25-50mg per day depending on patient need.

In a performance capacity, Proviron doses normally range from 50-150mg per day. Most men, however, will find 100mg per day to be the minimum beneficial dose with both 100mg and 150mg being highly effective. Total use will normally last between 8-12 weeks. However, in an effort to breakthrough a sticking point in a cycle, say towards the end of a cycle a 6 week course of Proviron may do the trick.

When you’re planning your Proviron use, you will find it stacks well with all anabolic steroids. During the cutting phase it will be most beneficial in conjunction with steroids like Anavar, Masteron and Winstrol as well as Primobolan. It will greatly promote the androgenicity of these steroids in order to provide and promote the hard look desired. In a bulking phase, while it will stack well with all anabolic steroids it’s hard to say if you’ll need it or not. Some will simply keep it on hand and include it when it proves to be possibly necessarily beneficial.

Deca Durabolin(Nandrolone Decanoate)is an anabolic steroid comprised of the steroidal hormone Nandrolone and is attached to the large Decanoate ester. The Nandrolone hormone first appeared in 1960 and developed for commercial use in 1962 by Organon under the trade name Deca Durabolin. Since then numerous Nandrolone Decanoate versions have hit the market, but Deca Durabolin remains the most recognized. Deca Durabolin is one of the most commonly used anabolic steroids among performance enhancing athletes. It is well known for being a tremendously beneficial off-season mass steroid, but it’s also a favorite in many athletic circles for its therapeutic benefits. Due to its tremendous therapeutic benefits, the Nandrolone hormone is one of the most beneficial anabolic steroids in medical practice.

Deca Durabolin Functions & Traits:
Deca Durabolin is officially classified as a 19-nortestosterone (19-nor) anabolic androgenic steroid. The 19-nor classification refers to its direct structural nature, which is the testosterone hormone lacking a carbon atom at the 19th position. While this is only a slight change in structure from the testosterone hormone, this slight change gives us a unique anabolic steroid. As a Nandrolone base, Deca Durabolin is attached to the large Decanoate ester, which controls the hormone’s releasing activity slowing it down tremendously. This allows the individual to make use of the Nandrolone hormone without the need for frequent injections. Once injected, as the Decanoate ester begins to detach there will be a sharp spike in Nandrolone released within the body during the first 24-48 hours. From this point, the hormone will continue to release into the body for approximately 2-3 weeks.

Deca Durabolin carries a relatively potent anabolic rating, slightly greater than testosterone. However, its total androgenicactivity is much lower than testosterone, carrying an androgenic rating of only 37 compared to testosterone’s 100. The lessened androgenic activity of Deca Durabolin is due to the hormone’s ability to reduce to dihydronandrolone (DHN) rather than dihydrotestosterone (DHT). This makes Deca Durabolin a much milder steroid than testosterone, and one of the most well-tolerated anabolic steroids for healthy adult men. This tolerable nature is also evident by its low estrogenic activity. Deca Durabolin does aromatize, but only at approximately 20% the rate of testosterone. However, it does carry a strong progestin nature, and this will play into the side effects as we will see later on.

Like many anabolic steroids, Deca Durabolin has the ability to enhance protein synthesis, inhibit glucocorticoid hormones, and promote enhanced IGF-1 output. Like many anabolic steroids, Deca Durabolin also has the ability to increase nitrogen retention in the muscles, but it appears to have a stronger affect than many steroids in this regard. In fact, studies have shown that even low doses of Nandrolone can greatly enhance nitrogen retention. This is an important factor, as all muscle tissue is comprised of approximately 16% nitrogen. While that may sound like a small amount, the more we retain the more anabolic we remain. When nitrogen levels are not maintained, this can cause us to enter a catabolic (muscle wasting) state.

Deca Durabolin is also well known for carrying two traits that are extremely important and largely separate it from many anabolic steroids. Again, many other steroids will carry these traits, but Deca Durabolin does so to a higher level. The traits in question are increasing bone mineral content and enhancing collagen synthesis. Due to these traits, Deca Durabolin is well known for promoting joint relief, and for many athletes that’s the only reason they’ll use it. Due to these traits, as well as its ability to increase red blood cell count, we can begin to see what types of therapeutic advantages this steroid can hold.

Deca Durabolin has been well noted for being an excellent steroid for those suffering from muscle wasting diseases, for improving geriatric weakness and fatigue, as well as anemia. Deca Durabolin has also been used to treat certain forms of breast cancer, has been life changing for severe burn victims, and even has the ability to treat ulcers. It has also been shown effective for treating pituitary deficient dwarfism, as well as development retardation in children. While Deca Durabolin has proven beneficial in all these areas, it has truly shined is in its ability to treat osteoporosis. This isn’t surprising when we consider the bone mineral content and collagen synthesis improvements. However, in the U.S. the compound is only used to treat those suffering from HIV and anemia, but some physicians are beginning to recognize the potential for therapeutic rejuvenation plans. Undoubtedly, at a low dose this steroid could provide a positive anti-aging benefit.

Effects of Deca Durabolin:
While the therapeutic benefits of Deca Durabolin are easy to see simply by understanding its basic nature, what most are concerned with is off-label use. Deca Durabolin is a long standing favorite among performance enhancing athletes, and while it is tremendously beneficial it is often grossly misunderstood. The misunderstanding is that this is only a bulking steroid, and while that is a fantastic point of use it is far from the only one. In fact, some competitive bodybuilders will use Deca Durabolin during their cutting phase, and during such a phase there’s no bulking going on. However, in order to understand the effects of Deca Durabolin and the varying beneficial points of use, you must remove a flawed way of thinking held by many anabolic steroid users. This type of thinking assumes all steroid progress is based on the enhancement of lean muscle tissue; specifically building more lean muscle tissue. Undoubtedly, this is the primary purpose of anabolic steroid use, but it is not the only one. With that in mind, let’s take a look at the varying positive effects of Deca Durabolin.

As an off-season bulking steroid, Deca Durabolin will provide significant gains in lean mass, but the increase in muscle mass will come slowly. This is a large ester based steroid, and it will not be fast acting. However, the mass built with this steroid will often be higher quality mass than compared to many anabolic steroids. Water retention is possible, but it should be fairly easy to control. Most should also find their strength increases to a degree, but Deca Durabolin is not what we’d call one of the stronger strength increasing steroids. During this off-season phase, the individual will also enjoy the therapeutic relief this steroid provides, which will be more than welcomed when off-season periods of growth are normally accompanied by the heaviest periods of weight training. This individual should also be able to acquire this new growth with less body fat accumulation that would normally otherwise occur. The use of anabolic steroids is well noted for enhancing the metabolic rate. This is nothing unique to Deca Durabolin, and while it will not directly burn body fat it will aid in the maintenance of a proper level. As off-season mass gains require excess calories, consider the metabolic enhancement an added bonus.

Many athletes, ball players, fighters, and any athlete who could benefit from the therapeutic relief often supplement with Deca Durabolin. Such individuals commonly have no desire to build any new lean muscle mass, but the relief alone is invaluable. Further, such relief can be obtained by a very low dose. A slightly higher dose will provide relief, greatly enhance overall recovery, and enhance muscular endurance. When it comes to performance enhancement, most athletes will find this steroid is hard to beat. More importantly, the relief effects of Deca Durabolin are not masking or false; this anabolic steroid shares nothing in common with over the counter painkillers or prescription painkillers like opiates. Such painkillers only mask the pain, whereas Deca Durabolin can actually heal the body.

Then we’re left with the cutting phase, and some athletes and bodybuilders will use Deca Durabolin during this phase of steroid use. Such use will be similar to direct athletic enhancement. The individual will supplement with a rather low dose for the relief and muscular endurance it can provide. This can be very welcomed during hard diets, as a true hardcore bodybuilding cutting diet is brutal on the human body. As an added bonus, Deca Durabolin will greatly preserve the individual’s lean muscle mass that would otherwise be lost during a necessary caloric deficit. While this steroid will not provide hardening or conditioning effects like many steroids, it can serve a purpose is some cutting plans.

Side Effects of Deca Durabolin:
Deca Durabolin is one of the more side effect friendly anabolic steroids for men and can prove useful for women, but normally only in therapeutic level doses. However, side effects of Deca Durabolin most certainly exist, but as we will see they largely fall into the realm of possible rather than guaranteed. With responsible use, most men will be able to use this steroid without the first negative effect. In order to achieve this level of safe supplementation, your first step is to recognize the possible side effects of Deca Durabolin, as well as what you can do about them. For an ease of understanding, we have broken down the side effects into separate categories along with the related information you’ll need.

Estrogenic:
The Nandrolone hormone is not very estrogenic, but it does carry a slight aromatizing nature. Aromatization refers to testosterone’s ability to convert to estrogen, a process that occurs due to the hormone’s interaction with the aromatase enzyme. As estrogen levels rise, this can promote gynecomastia, excess water retention and promote high blood pressure due to severe levels of water retention. Fortunately, the aromatase level of Deca Durabolin is low, but there is another factor to consider, which is its progestin nature. Nandrolone has a strong affinity for the progesterone receptor, as well as the ability to significantly stimulate the estrogenic mechanism in the mammary tissue enhancing the risk of gynecomastia.

In order to protect from the possible estrogenic and progesterone related side effects of Deca Durabolin, an anti-estrogen medication is often recommended. There are two primary choices in anti-estrogens, Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators (SERM’s) like Nolvadex (Tamoxifen Citrate) and Aromatase Inhibitors (AI’s) like Arimidex (Anastrozole). AI’s will be far more effective, but SERM’s should be the first choice if they can get the job done. Many choose to rely on AI’s due to their tremendous anti-estrogenic power, but AI’s have been noted to have a negative impact on cholesterol, and one that can be greatly exasperated with the use of anabolic steroids. Conversely, while SERM’s are sometimes not enough they will have no adverse effect on cholesterol. In fact, SERM’s have actually been shown to improve cholesterol levels.

An important note of interest on the side effects of Deca Durabolin as it pertains to gynecomastia. It has long been assumed and passed around numerous steroid message boards that the cause of 19-nor induced gynecomastia is prolactin, not progesterone stimulation. This has been argued heavily regarding the 19-nor Trenbolone, but with Nandrolone as well. In his Anabolics series, William Llewellyn explains how the imbalance between estrogen and progesterone is what leads to gynecomastia. If this is not addressed and you’re merely combating a possible prolactin buildup, you may not be providing the protection you need.

Androgenic:
Deca Durabolin can produce androgenic side effects; however, the threshold tends to be rather high for most men. Possible androgenic side effects of Deca Durabolin include acne, accelerated hair loss in those predisposed to male pattern baldness, and body hair growth. Such side effects are strongly dependent on genetic predispositions, but most men should find no problems exist. Unlike testosterone, Nandrolone is reduced to DHN rather than DHT, and while this takes place due to interaction with the 5-alpha reductase enzyme it greatly reduces the androgenicity of Nandrolone.

An important note regarding the androgenic side effects of Deca Durabolin or any Nandrolone hormone: Many choose to use 5-alpha reductase inhibitors like Finasteride to combat androgenic side effects brought on by anabolic steroids. However, the use of a 5-alpha reductase inhibitor along with Deca Durabolin will enhance the steroid’s androgenicity. It will actually have the opposite effect and increase the risk of androgenic side effects.

The androgenic nature of Deca Durabolin may lead to virilization symptoms in women. Virilization symptoms can include body hair growth, a deepening of the vocal chords, and clitoral enlargement. Women can use this steroid without virilizing effects, but it will require very low doses, and there are often better steroids for females to choose. If Nandrolone is desired, faster acting Phenylpropionate may be the way to go as it’s easier to control, but the odds of beating virilization symptoms are not as great as they are with steroids like Anavar or Primobolan. Regardless, if virilization symptoms occur, discontinue use immediately, and they will fade away. If such symptoms are ignored, they may become permanent.

Cardiovascular:
Deca Durabolin can have a negative impact on cholesterol by skewing the HDL and LDL ratios. This potential negative effect will be most prominent as it pertains to HDL cholesterol suppression. Studies have shown that the Nandrolone hormone will actually have a stronger, negative impact on HDL cholesterol than testosterone. However, the total cardiovascular strain should be much less than most oral steroids.

Due to the potential cholesterol issues caused by Deca Durabolin, maintaining a cholesterol friendly lifestyle during use will be extremely important. This should not only include a cholesterol friendly diet, but one that is rich in omega fatty acids and that ensures you implement plenty of cardiovascular activity into your routine. It’s also important to keep in mind that if you use an Aromatase Inhibitor when supplementing with Deca Durabolin, you will need to give your cholesterol even more attention. Of all the possible side effects of Deca Durabolin, this is the one you’ll want to keep the closest eye on, and all are encouraged to keep a very close eye on their cholesterol throughout the duration of use as well as post use.

Testosterone:
Deca Durabolin like all anabolic steroids is suppressive to natural testosterone production. The rate of suppression varies from one steroid to the next, but with Deca Durabolin, and all Nandrolone based compounds, it will be extreme. Some studies have shown that a single 100mg dosing of the steroid will suppress total natural production. Other studies, while they do not show near the rate of suppression, are still more than significant and often a representation of at least 2/3rd total reduction in serum testosterone levels. For this reason, all men who supplement with Deca Durabolin should include exogenous testosterone. The form of testosterone you choose is of no consequence, all that matters is that your body is provided with the testosterone it needs. Failure to supplement with exogenous testosterone will result in a low testosterone condition. Such a condition can be quite bothersome; it comes with numerous possible symptoms but, more importantly, is extremely unhealthy.

Once the use of Deca Durabolin has come to an end and all the exogenous steroidal hormones have cleared your system, natural testosterone production will begin again. It will not occur overnight, and for this reason a Post Cycle Therapy (PCT) plan is often recommended. This will speed up the recovery process as well as improve the overall efficiency. No, contrary to popular myth, there is no PCT plan that will return your natural testosterone levels back to normal all on its own. Total recovery will take several months. However, a PCT plan will ensure you have enough testosterone in order for proper function while your levels continue to naturally rise.

Important notes on natural testosterone recovery post Deca Durabolin use: Natural recovery assumes no prior low testosterone condition existed. It also assumes no severe damage was done to the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Testicular-Axis (HPTA) due to improper practices. It is also important to note that a PCT plan should not begin until Deca Durabolin has been discontinued for at least 2-3 weeks. Most will find ending their Deca Durabolin use before the total conclusion of their cycle to be the best way to go.

Hepatotoxicity:
Deca Durabolin is not toxic to the liver and will present no stress or damage to the vital organ.

Deca Durabolin Administration:
Deca Durabolin is a very slow acting steroid that does not have to be injected all that frequently. In most therapeutic treatment plans the compound is only administered once every 2-4 weeks with every 3-4 weeks being far more common. The exception would be in the treatment of anemia; when treating anemia Deca Durabolin is normally administered once per week. For any performance related pursuit, a single injection per week will be more than suitable. However, some will choose to split this up into two small injections per week in order to cut down on the total injection volume.

The standard dosing range for Deca Durabolin normally falls in the 100mg every 2-4 week range for basic therapeutic treatment and 100-200mg per week for the treatment of anemia. For the athlete looking for rejuvenation and relief, 100mg per week is a fine starting point, but most will be much happier with 200mg per week results. Such a dosing will ensure recovery, relief, and endurance are all enhanced as well as provide a slight anabolic boost. For true anabolic gains, 300mg per week is normally considered the low-end dose. Many will find 400mg per week to be the perfect dosing level, and more importantly, well within a controllable level. Many men may be able to tolerate doses as high as 600mg per week. This will increase the risk of adverse effects and often 400mg per week is more than enough, but varying circumstances will dictate the individual outcome.

Deca Durabolin should not be used for less than 8 weeks when used as a performance enhancing tool. The compound is extremely slow acting, and the individual will need to use it for an extended period of time to reap a reward. Eight weeks should be the minimum, but once discontinued the compound will still be active in the body for several weeks. As 8 weeks is our minimum, 10-12 weeks will be very acceptable for most men. Use can stretch past this point but is rarely recommended; most will not implement cycles much longer than 12-16 weeks outside hardcore performance circles, and in those cases, a rotation of steroidal hormones is highly advised.

For female athletes, 50mg per week for no more than 4-6 weeks is normally all that can be tolerated. There will be some who may be able to handle a 100mg per week dosing, but such a dose will normally produce virilization symptoms in most women. For standard therapeutic treatment plans, Deca Durabolin will normally be administered at 50-100mg every 3-4 weeks. In the treatment of anemia, 50-100mg per week is standard.

Oral Turinabol is somewhat of a unique anabolic steroid. Specifically, Oral Turinabol is a cross between Methandrostenolone and Clostebol. This provides a steroid with powerful anabolic action while at the same time minimizing androgenic characteristics. Oral Turinabol also carries somewhat of an interesting history behind it.
Oral Turinabol was first released by Jenapharm out of East Germany in 1962. The steroid would enjoy a very high safety rating for decades not only among men but in women and even children in a therapeutic setting. This steroid was proven to be very effective in the effort to build or protect lean mass and bone mass without severe complications. However, Oral Turinabol would gain worldwide attention in the 1990’s when the East German steroid scandal became public knowledge.

From 1974 to 1989 what would be known as the East German Doping Machine had been successful in administering anabolic steroids to its Olympic athletes. Not only were they cheating but they were getting away with it as steroids like Oral Turinabol were, at the time, undetectable. State Plan Research Theme 14.25 as it was officially known would also make use of epitestosterone during this period in order to skew testosterone readings in drug testing.

When Oral Turinabol was discovered as being an integral part of the East German scandal Jenapharm would discontinue the product in 1994. Two years later the pharmaceutical powerhouse out of Germany Schering, makers of such steroids as Primobolan, Testoviron and Proviron would acquire Jenapharm but chose not to bring Oral Turinabol back to the market. Since that time this anabolic steroid has never been manufactured by a true pharmaceutical compounding entity and has become a strictly black market underground anabolic steroid.

Oral Turinabol Functions & Traits:
Oral Turinabol, officially known as 4-chlorodehydromethyltestosterone is basically a structurally altered form of Dianabol(Methandrostenolone), which itself is a derivative of testosterone. The structural makeup of Oral Turinabol is very simple. The compound is simply the testosterone hormone with an added double bond at carbon 1 and 2, which alters the anabolic to androgenic ratio in favor of anabolic. It also carries an added Chloro group at carbon 4, which inhibits the hormone from aromatizing and further reduces its androgenic nature. The final change is an added methyl group at the 17th carbon position, which protects the hormone through oral administration. This final change officially classifies Oral Turinabol as a C17-alpha alkylated (C17-aa) anabolic androgenic steroid.

On a functional basis the traits of Oral Turinabol are very simple. Like most anabolic steroids it should have a positive impact on protein synthesis and nitrogen retention, as well as in increasing red blood cell count. These traits are all important as they enhance the anabolic atmosphere of the individual. Protein synthesis in that protein is the primary building block of muscle and synthesis representing the rate by which cells build proteins, and nitrogen retention in that it represents an important part of lean tissue composition. A deficiency in nitrogen will lead to a catabolic state, where as a higher amount retained will promote a more favorable anabolic atmosphere. Then we have red blood cells, which are responsible for carrying oxygen to and through the blood. More red blood cells will equate to greater blood oxygenation, which in turn will equate to greater muscular endurance. All of these traits will also be tremendously beneficial in terms of the body’s ability to recover.

While the protein, nitrogen and red blood cells traits are present, they are not as pronounced in Oral Turinabol as they might be with many other steroids. But they are still notable and quite beneficial. However, the steroid will promote such traits with a milder nature in that it lacks the ability to aromatize and carries such mild androgenic activity. This can be very beneficial to the individual who while he needs to make progress he needs to keep it as clean as possible.

The mild nature of Oral Turinabol makes it very appealing but there is another trait that greatly enhances its worthwhile. This steroid has the ability to significantly reduce Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SHBG). It doesn’t carry this ability as strongly as a few other steroids but it is still more than notable. This reduction in SHBG allows for more active and available free testosterone. Perhaps more importantly, it keeps the other steroids you may be using from falling into a bound state. Basically the individual should be able to get more out of the other steroids being used without a need for increasing the dose simply due to the synergy created by Oral Turinabol.

Effects of Oral Turinabol:
Without question the effects of Oral Turinabol will be most valuable to the athlete and by athlete we actually mean athlete. We’re not talking about the bodybuilder or gym rat that lives like one but rather someone who competes in a competitive sport of physical skill. The use of Oral Turinabol will significantly promote muscular endurance, they won’t tire out as fast and their overall rate of recovery should be greatly improved. As the season wanes on, they should also find they have taken less of a beating and are closer to the physical peak they enjoyed at the beginning of the season. This would not occur without the anabolic protectant nature. The athlete should also find his strength is noticeably improved upon. Yes, he should be stronger, which can directly translate into physical power and speed. No, it will not create the athlete, it will not create athletic ability, affect coordination or turn a sloth into a star, but it will enhance the existing athlete within. If it wasn’t phenomenal for this purpose you can bet the East Germans wouldn’t have been using it and successfully so for nearly two decades.

In a direct physical sense, as an off-season bulking steroid Oral Turinabol is not what we’d label phenomenal. It’s not going to pack a ton of mass on anyone’s frame but it can provide some decent growth. You will definitely grow more when using Dianabol or Anadrol, and it’s not going to build mass like Deca Durabolin, but it should still be notable and clean. Remember, as it doesn’t aromatize all weight gained due to use will be lean mass. Due to its ability to reduce SHBG, this could also make the other steroids you’re taking, such as Deca Durabolin far more valuable during your off-season use.

As a cutting agent, Oral Turinabol can be a decent steroid. It’s probably a little more valuable in the cutting phase than in a true off-season cycle. The steroid will provide solid protection against lean tissue loss and a lot of users often report an increase in hardness. How much hardness will it provide? This is a tough question to answer but it’s not going to be near the level of Winstrol or Masteron and most certainly not near the level provided by Trenbolone. However, the lean tissue protection and increases in endurance and recovery can prove invaluable during this phase of training. Many find this is a great steroid to use at the frontend of a long cutting cycle and then once a little leaner to switch over to more powerful hardening agents.

Side Effects of Oral Turinabol:
We can say with confidence that the side effects of Oral Turinabol are some of the mildest of any anabolic steroid on earth. However, we will also find that it can have a strong, negative impact on cardiovascular health. This should be controllable for the healthy adult but it will be something you need to keep an eye on. Both men and women will be able to use this steroid. This is not our first choice in female use, but it is a viable option. In order to help you understand the possible side effects of Oral Turinabol we have broken them down into their separate categories along with all the information you’ll need.

[1] Estrogenic:
The side effects of Oral Turinabol do not include any of an estrogenic nature. This steroid does not aromatize and carries no progestin related traits making side effects like gynecomastia and excess water retention impossible. This should also greatly reduce the risk of high blood pressure as high blood pressure due to steroid use is most commonly linked to severe water retention.

[2] Androgenic:
On a structural basis Oral Turinabol appears to carry no androgenic activity but the total information we have at our disposal is inconclusive. As the steroid is no longer manufactured legitimately and probably never will be again, more than likely its androgenic nature may always remain a slight mystery. However, we do know that it displays very little androgenic activity but we cannot say as some have attempted to say that it doesn’t posses any. Androgenic side effects of Oral Turinabol are possible, although unlikely. Such side effects may include acne, accelerated hair loss in those predisposed to male pattern baldness and body hair growth. Such effects will be highly dependent on genetics but the androgenic effects will not be affected by inhibitors. 5-alpha reductase inhibitors will have little effect on this steroid’s androgenicity as it is not significantly metabolized by the 5-alpha reductase enzyme.

When looking at the androgenic side effects of Oral Turinabol, the most concerning will be female virilization symptoms. Women can use this steroid without virilization, but the dose must be kept low or virilization will absolutely occur. Virilization symptoms include a deepening of the vocal chords, body hair growth and clitoral enlargement. If such symptoms begin to show, discontinue use immediately and they will fade away. If such symptoms are ignored it is possible that they may become irreversible.

[3] Cardiovascular:
Oral Turinabol can have a significant impact on cholesterol in increasing LDL levels (bad cholesterol) and suppressing/reducing HDL levels (good cholesterol). This negative effect on cholesterol will carry a stronger probability than with just about any injectable steroid you could use. Further, while we wouldn’t necessarily call it the unfriendliest oral steroid in this category it is far from the friendliest.

If you suffer from high cholesterol you should not use this steroid. If you cannot live a cholesterol friendly lifestyle and actually give it some attention you should not use this steroid. For those who are disciplined enough for use, ensure your diet is low in saturated fats and simple sugars. Also ensure your diet is rich in omega fatty acids. A large amount of fish oils daily is advised. It’s also a good idea to consider a cholesterol antioxidant and always include plenty of cardiovascular training into your routine. If you’re a healthy adult and you do these things, unless there is an underlying issue you shouldn’t run into any problems.

[4] Testosterone:
Oral Turinabol is suppressive to natural testosterone and should be used in conjunction with exogenous testosterone. Men who use Oral Turinabol without exogenous testosterone will risk a low testosterone condition. Such a condition can come with a host of possible symptoms ranging from physical, mental and sexually related. However, while physical related symptoms are unlikely when steroids are being used the others are a very real possibility.

Once the use of Oral Turinabol comes to an end natural testosterone production will begin again on its own. However, natural levels will still be very low and it will take a large amount of time to recover proper or healthy levels. For this reason most men are encouraged to implement a Post Cycle Therapy (PCT) plan once the use of anabolic steroids is discontinued. This will greatly speed up the recovery process and protect your lean tissue. Without a PCT plan it is possible for cortisol to become dominant for a period of time, destroy muscle tissue and promote fat gain. While a PCT plan will promote recovery, it will not return you to normal on its own. There is no PCT plan on earth that has this ability. However, a well planned PCT will speed up the process and ensure you have enough testosterone for proper bodily function while your levels continue to naturally rise.

There are a few important notes on natural recovery, the primary being that no low testosterone condition existed prior to anabolic steroid use. Further, natural recovery assumes no severe damage was done to the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Testicular-Axis (HPTA) through improper anabolic steroid use. As a final note, women have no need to supplement with exogenous testosterone when using Oral Turinabol.

[5] Hepatotoxic:
As a C17-aa anabolic steroid, Oral Turinabol is hepatotoxic. Liver enzyme values will increase with use due to the stress it will place on the liver. However, it’s important to remember an increase in enzyme values does not automatically equate to damage, but it is an indicator of stress. This is not the most hepatotoxic C17-aa steroid at our disposal but it is far from the mildest. With proper use it is more than possible to avoid any liver damage, but this will require responsible use.

If you already suffer from any liver related issues, you should not supplement with Oral Turinabol. If you are healthy enough for use, you should ensure you do all you can to promote a healthy liver. First and foremost, avoid all excess alcohol consumption when using this steroid. Heavy consumption will present even more stress to the liver and greatly increase the potential for damage. In fact, avoiding all alcohol during use isn’t the worst idea. Always keep in mind alcohol is perhaps the most anti-performance substance on earth and your very reason for supplementing with Oral Turinabol is to promote performance.

Beyond alcohol regulation, avoiding all over the counter medications when possible is highly advised. Many over the counter medications are quite hepatotoxic and should be limited to when only absolutely necessary. The use of a liver detoxification supplement is also advised when using Oral Turinabol.

If the individual does these things and had a healthy liver to begin with, although enzyme values will rise during use they should return to normal shortly after use is discontinued. The liver carries some of the most remarkable rejuvenation characteristics of any organ in the body and if proper steps are followed and no underlying issues exist no damage should be done.

Oral Turinabol Administration:
Standard male Oral Turinabol doses will normally be in the 15-40mg per day range. This is obviously a wide gap in total dosing, but a mere 15-20mg per day can provide some nice effects. This can provide significant synergy between the other anabolic steroids being used as well as promote recovery and endurance. For a true anabolic benefit, most men will find Oral Turinabol doses in the 40mg per day range to be far more beneficial. Total use will normally fall in the 6-8 week range and should not surpass 8 weeks for any reason in order to minimize the hepatic strain. It is also advised that no other C17-aa steroid be used for at least 6-8 weeks after discontinuing Oral Turinabol. Men will also find Oral Turinabol stacks well with any and all anabolic steroids but should not be used in conjunction with another C17-aa steroid.

Standard female Oral Turinabol doses will normally fall in the 2.5-5mg per day range. Virilization is highly unlikely with such doses but is almost assured with doses that surpass 5mg per day. Keep in mind due to individual sensitivity some women may experience virilization symptoms even in the 2.5-5mg range. If this is the case use should be discontinued immediately. Total use should be kept in the 4-6 week range. This should be a safe dose that presents minimal virilization probability. Other steroids that can be included in female plans could include Anavar or Primobolan Depot but Anavar should not be used at the same time as Oral Turinabol due to its similar C17-aa nature.

Tadalafil is one of the more popular erectile dysfunction (ED) medications on the market and is most commonly associated with the brand name Cialis. Released by GlaxoSmithKline in 2003 and now owned by Eli Lilly, Cialis is very similar to the popular ED medication Viagra with the biggest difference being the drug’s active life. Cialis will produce erections for 36-48 hours from one single dose where Viagra is limited to 4-6 hours from one single dose. Cialis is also prescribed for the treatment of BPH (Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia), which refers to an enlarged prostate that results in difficulty or frequent urination.

Cialis Functions and Traits

Tadalafil belongs to the class of drugs known as phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PED5 Inhibitor). The treatment of ED is the drug’s primary purpose with the treatment of BPH being a secondary benefit discovered years after the drug was released. Cialis (name brand) as well as any generic brand of Tadalafil carries an active half-life of approximately 18 hours. Due to the long half-life and even longer active life, Cialis is commonly referred to as “The Weekend Pill”. The PED5 does not produce erections on its own, sexual stimulation must still exist, but it will ensure an erection can be maintained if blood flow issues were preventing it before.

Cialis, as with other common PED5 inhibitors functions by increasing the blood flow to the penis. The penile arteries are relaxed and nitric oxide is released via the nerves to the endothelial cells into the penis. This action promotes the synthesis of cGMP thereby resulting in a fuller, stronger and longer lasting erection. Those who suffer from ED may do so in a way that prevents them from obtaining an erection or they may be able to obtain one but unable to maintain it due to poor penile blood flow. Cialis will remedy such blood flow issues.

Effects of Cialis

The effects of Cialis (positive effects) are very straightforward and primarily surround ED treatment. ED can be caused by the lack of blood flow into the penis, which Cialis can remedy. However, ED can also be caused by a low libido, which is more commonly due to improper hormone levels in the body, most commonly low testosterone. If a hormone problem exists yet blood flow is fine, Cialis will not remedy the ED issue nor will any PED5 medication. However, while it will remedy a blood flow issue, there are many men who need both issues addressed, blood flow and hormone.

The effects of Cialis have also been used to treat high blood pressure in some cases as the medication will lower blood pressure; in fact, in 2009 Cialis was approved for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension. In 2011 it was then approved for the treatment of BPH as it was shown to reduce pressure around the prostate and urinary tract.

Side Effects of Cialis

There are side effects of Cialis, possible side effects, but they are not guaranteed and normally dependent on genetics and dosing if too much is taken. Like all PED5 inhibitors vision impairment is the most worrisome possible side effect of Cialis; however, Tadalafil has the lowest rate of incident amo ng PED5’s. Other possible yet infrequent side effects of Cialis may include:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Headache
  • Flushness
  • Sore Muscles
  • Lower Back Pain

The above side effects of Cialis should last no more than a few hours if they occur and are due to the drugs ability to widen blood vessels. If such effects occur most men will find a lower dose fixes the problem. However, in some cases they may need to seek out alternate PED5’s for their ED or BPH needs.

Important Note: Cialis should not be taken with nitrates due to its ability to lower blood pressure. Nitrates should not be taken for at least 48 hours before Cialis use with most nitrate users needing to avoid this and all PED5’s.

Cialis Administration

Cialis is available in numerous dosing strengths but in all strengths is a pill taken orally. It is a mustard colored pill with a large ‘C’ and the milligram strength imprinted on one side of the pill. Original Cialis is found in 5mg, 10mg and 20mg strengths. Daily Cialis is found in 2.5 and 5mg strengths.

If taking Daily Cialis (2.5-5mg) it should be taken once per day. This is sufficient to treat many cases of BPH and more often than not ED. However, the lower dose despite daily use may not be enough for some ED conditions. If standard Cialis is taken it can be taken at any time of the day. The medication will begin to work in as little as 30 minutes for some but take a little longer for others.

Important Note: When prescribed for arterial hypertension 2.5mg per day is the normal dose, but it is often sold under the brand name Adcirca for this purpose although the brand name Cialis will accomplish the same.

Nandrolone Phenylpropionate is an anabolic steroid that is very similar to the popular Nandrolone Decanoate compound. However, Nandrolone Phenylpropionate was the first Nandrolone compound ever commercially sold. Nandrolone Phenylpropionate hit the shelves in the 1950’s and was brought to the market by Organon under the name Durabolin. Soon after Organon would release its Decanoate cousin under the name Deca Durabolin.

Nandrolone Phenylpropionate is a small ester base anabolic steroid and is commonly referred to as NPP. This product has never been as popular as the larger ester Decanoate version, in part due to availability; however, in the modern era it has begun to see a resurgence in both use and availability thanks in part due to underground labs.

Nandrolone Phenylpropionate carries with it numerous therapeutic and performance benefits. The Nandrolone hormone is the most commonly prescribed anabolic steroid other than testosterone, but the Decanoate version is the most commonly prescribed Nandrolone form. It is one of the most well tolerated steroids in both performance and medical settings, although possible side effects most certainly exist.

Nandrolone Phenylpropionate Functions & Traits
Nandrolone Phenylpropionate is a 19-nortestosterone (19-nor) anabolic androgenic steroid. The 19-nor classification refers to a structural change of the testosterone hormone in that the carbon atom has been removed at the 19th position. This simple structural change gives us Nandrolone, and by adding the short Phenylpropionate ester we have Nandrolone Phenylpropionate.

On the basis of the hormone’s function, Nandrolone Phenylpropionate is identical to Nandrolone Decanoate. Both forms are comprised of the same active hormone. In the case of NPP we have a shorter ester version that gives a larger burst of Nandrolone after injection, but also carries a much shorter half-life. This means Nandrolone Phenylpropionate has to be injected more frequently than its larger ester counterpart if blood levels are to remain stable.

Nandrolone Phenylpropionate is slightly more anabolic than testosterone with a rating of 125 compared to testosterone’s rating of 100. It is also significantly less androgenic with a rating of 37 compared to testosterone’s rating of 100. The reduced androgenicity is due to the Nandrolone hormone reducing to dihydronandrolone (DHN) instead of dihydrotestosterone (DHT). This is one of the reasons Nandrolone Phenylpropionate can be well tolerated at higher doses in some men than higher doses of testosterone.

Nandrolone Phenylpropionate is also significantly less estrogenic than testosterone. Both Nandrolone and testosterone aromatize, but Nandrolone only does so at approximately 20% the rate of testosterone.

Important Note: Nandrolone Phenylpropionate carries a progestin nature, and this will play into the side effects of this hormone.

Nandrolone Phenylpropionate carries many positive traits that are similar to many anabolic steroids. However, this compound also carries functional traits that will far outweigh what some steroidal hormones can do. The positive functional traits of Nandrolone Phenylpropionate include:

Increased IGF-1 Production: Insulin-Like Growth Factor-1 (IGF-1) is a potent anabolic hormone that is also essential to our body’s ability to recovery. This is a hormone that affects nearly all cells within the human body.
Inhibition of Glucocorticoids: Known as stress hormones (cortisol) these hormones are essential to our health and wellbeing. However, glucocorticoids can also promote muscle loss and fat gain when they become dominant. Vigorous activity can lead to increases in stress hormones. Hormones like Nandrolone can reduce the production of stress hormones.
Increased Nitrogen Retention: All muscle tissue is comprised of 16% nitrogen. If retention falls we fall into a catabolic state. The more we retain the more anabolic we remain.
Increased Protein Synthesis: This refers to the rate in which cells build proteins, the building blocks of muscle tissue.
Increased Red Blood Cell Count: Red blood cells carry oxygen to and through the blood. Greater efficiency results in enhanced muscular endurance and recovery.
Increased Collagen Synthesis & Bone Mineral Content: This refers to the strength of bones and cartilage and the ability to strengthen and provide healing relief. This will hold true in joints more so than anywhere else.
Important Note: It’s often said Nandrolone forces water into the joints, thereby providing relief. This is not physically possible. It is not water, it is the enhancement of collagen synthesis and bone mineral content that provides relief.

Nandrolone Phenylpropionate is also well-suited for medical treatment in a host of areas. Although Nandrolone Decanoate is more commonly used, the Phenylpropionate version is still used with some regularity. The use of Nandrolone Phenylpropionate has been proven useful in the treatment of the following:

Muscle Wasting Diseases: Cancer, HIV, etc.
Improving Geriatric Weakness & Fatigue
Anemia
Breast Cancer
The Treatment of Burn Victims
Ulcers
Pituitary Dwarfism
Development Retardation in Children
Osteoporosis
Despite a host of benefits and purposes of use, in the U.S. Nandrolone is generally only prescribed for HIV, AIDS and anemia. Its rate of success in other areas is high, but typically use for such areas of medicine is found outside the U.S. Some U.S. physicians have begun to prescribe it for anti-aging purposes, but this still represents a very small fraction of the total prescriptions.

Effects of Nandrolone Phenylpropionate
Through a thorough understanding of the functions and traits of Nandrolone Phenylpropionate we already have a good understanding of the positive effects of this steroid. However, to put it in terms that a performance athlete can appreciate we can be a little more specific.

For the off-season athlete, a bulking cycle, Nandrolone Phenylpropionate is one of the best steroids he can choose to enhance muscularity and size. This is one of the best mass builders available and for many bodybuilders is used in every bulking plan. Despite being a faster acting Nandrolone form growth will not occur rapidly, but it will be steady, even and significant. This is assuming you are eating enough to grow. In order to grow you must consume more calories than you burn. No steroid in the world can change this truth. But you will get more out of your growth with a steroid like Nandrolone Phenylpropionate if you are doing things properly. You should also notice you stay leaner in your off-season due to the significant metabolic effects of the hormone. And when it comes to recovery from strenuous training very few things will beat Nandrolone Phenylpropionate.

Nandrolone Phenylpropionate can also be used for cutting cycles, although it’s not commonly thought of as a cutting steroid. This steroid will significantly protect lean muscle mass better than many steroids. When we diet we must burn more calories than we consume. This is the only way body fat can be lost. Unfortunately, this puts lean muscle tissue at risk. When we diet some lean tissue will be lost, but successful dieting limits this loss, and Nandrolone can provide this protective measure. And once again the recovery benefits will be tremendous, especially when recovery can already be incredibly difficult when dieting due to the caloric deficit.

The final benefits for performance surround the athlete. Many athletes use low doses of Nandrolone Phenylpropionate for the recovery and joint relief benefits. These are not masking benefits like painkillers provide but true relief. Some may also find strength increases to a degree, although this isn’t a steroid well known for tremendous strength increasing properties. Regardless, this is one of the more common steroids used by athletes.

Side Effects of Nandrolone Phenylpropionate
There are several possible side effects of Nandrolone Phenylpropionate use, but it is also one of the more side effect friendly. The key to managing and avoiding side effects is understanding how they occur and proper use of the hormone. For most men serious side effects should be completely avoidable. In order to understand the side effects of Nandrolone Phenylpropionate we have broken them down into their individual categories.

[1] Estrogenic:
Estrogenic side effects of Nandrolone Phenylpropionate are possible. Estrogenic side effects of Nandrolone Phenylpropionate include gynecomastia, water retention and high blood pressure caused by severe water retention. These side effects can be avoided by the use of an Aromatase Inhibitor (AI) such as Anastrozole (Arimidex).

The reason for estrogenic side effects is due to the Nandrolone hormone aromatizing. Aromatization refers to the conversion of testosterone to estrogen. However, the rate of aromatization with this hormone isn’t high, but high enough to cause issues in some men. It is also a progestin, and progesterone can activate the mammary tissue and promote gynecomastia in very sensitive men. Estrogenic or progesterone based, AI’s will provide the needed protection.

[2] Androgenic:
There are possible androgenic side effects of Nandrolone Phenylpropionate, but they are not extremely likely in men. Hair loss in men predisposed to male pattern baldness is possible as is acne in sensitive men. However, when it comes to such effects this is one of the most well tolerated steroids of all. Genetic predispositions will play the largest role.

Important Note: The use of a 5-alpha reductase inhibitor will not reduce the androgenicity of Nandrolone; in fact, it will increase it and should be avoided.

Although not extremely androgenic the Nandrolone hormone can promote virilization symptoms in women. Virilization symptoms may include body hair growth, a deepening of the vocal chords and clitoral enlargement. Some women can use low doses without issue, but if symptoms occur use should be discontinued immediately. If discontinued at the onset of symptoms they will fade away. If symptoms are ignored and use continues they may become irreversible.

[3] Cardiovascular:
Nandrolone Phenylpropionate can have a negative impact on HDL cholesterol (good cholesterol) and it can be somewhat more significant than testosterone. This negative effect may be exasperated by the use of an AI.

It is more than possible to use Nandrolone Phenylpropionate without cholesterol issues or cardiovascular incident, but a healthy lifestyle is imperative. Regular cardiovascular activity is important as is a cholesterol friendly lifestyle.

[4] Testosterone:
The use of Nandrolone Phenylpropionate will suppress natural testosterone production. As with all Nandrolone compounds, one injection will suppress nearly if not all your natural testosterone production. Your genetics will not prevent this and it is something that’s completely unavoidable with use. Because of this fact, it is imperative that all men who use this steroid do so in conjunction with some form of exogenous testosterone. This will prevent the individual from falling into a low testosteronecondition, which comes with a host of very undesirable symptoms.

Once the use of Nandrolone Phenylpropionate has been discontinued and all anabolic steroids have cleared the body, natural testosterone production will begin again. However, it will not occur overnight and will come slowly. Post Cycle Therapy (PCT) is recommended. This will help stimulate the production of natural testosterone and increase the odds of a successful recovery. PCT will not complete recovery, it will still take several months post PCT, but it will give you a better start.

Important Note: Natural recovery assumes no damage was done to the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Testicular-Axis (HPTA) during use and that no prior low testosterone condition existed.

[5] Hepatotoxicity:
Nandrolone Phenylpropionate is not toxic to the liver.

Nandrolone Phenylpropionate Administration
In a medical setting standard male Nandrolone Phenylpropionate doses will normally fall in the 50-100mg per week range. For female use, although not commonly prescribed if prescribed it will normally be the 50mg per week range. In almost all medical settings the Decanoate version is what will be prescribed.

For the athlete or bodybuilder doses can vary greatly. 100mg per week will provide significant therapeutic advantage with 200mg per week being more common as this will ensure significantly improved recovery. In most performance circles 300-400mg per week will be the common dosing range, and this is a perfect range for building or preserving muscle tissue. Some will use more, but this will increase the risk of side effects.

Regardless of the dose use the total dose is normally split into three equal injections per week or planned out on an every other day basis for optimal results. 8-12 weeks is the normal period of use for most athletes. The exception is female athletes who may use the steroid for 4-6 weeks and normally at a dose no more than 50mg per week if virilization is to be avoided.

Clenbuterol Hydrochloride is a powerful bronchodilator that is used to treat breathing disorders like asthma. While it’s been extremely successful in such treatment plans it has never been approved by the U.S. FDA. It is, however, approved and used in most other countries around the world. Some speculate the only reason Clenbuterol has never been approved by the U.S. FDA is due to there being no need. There are several other related medications, very closely related that are already approved for U.S. use.

Beyond treating breathing disorders, Clenbuterol is commonly used as a thermogenic. In fact, you will more than likely find more Clenbuterol use in fat loss plans than anywhere else. It is a very common fat burning tool used by many anabolic steroid users. It is a long standing favorite among competitive bodybuilders and other physique athletes during contest preparation. However, it is also used by non-steroid users for its fat loss properties. You do not have to use anabolic steroids to use this compound for fat loss. We only mention that because this has for some reason become a confusing point for some.

Clenbuterol Functions & Traits:
Clenbuterol Hydrochloride is a sympathomimetic that works on the sympathomimetic nervous system. There are several receptors in the body a sympathomimetic can act on. In the case of Clenbuterol, the beta-2 receptor is the area of interest and action. Clen, as it’s commonly known, actively stimulates the beta-2 receptor. Through such stimulation, this actively reverses airway obstructions and provides improved breathing for those who need it. This same stimulation can also be used to enhance the metabolic rate of the individual. Clenbuterol does not actively burn fat by attacking fat cells, but rather stimulates the metabolism by increasing the body’s temperature. This occurs due to the beta-2 stimulation stimulating the mitochondria of the cells to produce and release more heat. In turn, this heats up the body’s temperature (slightly), enhances the metabolism and causes the individual to burn body fat at a greater rate. In reality, the functions and traits of Clenbuterol are very simple and very straightforward.

Clenbuterol has also been noted for having a strong anabolic effect; however, things are not quite like they appear. Due to the potential anabolic effect, this has caused many to use the compound in hopes of gaining lean tissue. Commonly, many steroidusers have used it as an anabolic protective agent during their post cycle therapy (PCT). There is, however, a problem with this type of use; it doesn’t work. Studies have shown that Clenbuterol has the ability to promote anabolic activity in animals. There have been several studies that have shown the anabolic activity of rats to increase when Clen is administered. However, there is no data that supports such anabolic activity provided when used by human beings. In fact, it has generally been proven useless in this regard as it pertains to human beings. When it comes to human Clenbuterol use, use as a bronchodilator and thermogenic are the only suitable purposes.

Effects of Clenbuterol:
The effects of Clenbuterol on the asthmatic patient are as straightforward as can be. Use of the bronchodilator opens up the airways and enables the individual to breath. There are other breathing disorders that can benefit from Clenbuterol use, but asthma appears to be primary, and it is often a welcomed medication to those who suffer. This same improved breathing could also prove useful to some athletes, especially those who can benefit from enhanced cardiovascular endurance. However, we’re not talking about a strong, notable improvement and there are truly other methods that are far more suited for increasing cardiovascular endurance.

As a thermogenic, the effects of Clenbuterol are again very simple. As the body temperature increases, which again is due to the beta-2 stimulation, the individual is now able to burn calories at an enhanced rate. Body temperature goes up, the metabolism is enhanced, fat cells are stimulated due to the increase in temperature due to the now enhanced metabolism, the breakdown of triglycerides is now enhanced and fat loss occurs. It’s hard to get any simpler than that.

While Clenbuterol is a powerful fat loss agent, it is not magical and will not make a fat physique lean on its own. You still have to diet in order to lose body fat, and if you don’t, no fat loss will occur. In fact, even if you’re using Clenbuterol you will still find you need to diet just as hard as you would without it if you are going to lose body fat. This raises an important question; why use Clen? The idea behind Clenbuterol use as a thermogenic in simple terms it to take what you’re already doing right and to simply do it a little better. It’s not going to melt fat off your frame, but it can rev up the metabolism and help you burn fat at a more effective and efficient rate. If you are obese or at least significantly overweight, your best bet is to forgo Clenbuterol use until you are at least a little leaner. The best time to use Clen is once you’re already fairly lean in an effort to help you rid that last little body fat that often hangs on for dear life. When we dive into the side effects of Clenbuterol, we will find Clen can and should only be used for a set period of time, and it only makes sense to use it when it will be the most beneficial.

Due to Clenbuterol being best served for final touches in a fat loss plan, this is why you’ll see it in many physique based plans such as bodybuilding, figure, fitness or other related endeavors. It’s commonly used the last 8-10 weeks leading up to a competition, sometimes a little longer, but regardless of the specific time frame the individual is normally already fairly lean. For the average gym rat, one who doesn’t compete but is looking to lean out, we can make some slight exceptions. We’re not saying you have to be contest ready lean in order for their to be a benefit. If you’re already in fairly good shape and looking to lean out a little more, absolutely, Clenbuterol can prove useful. But if you truly have a lot of body fat to lose, you’ll be best served by waiting until your body fat is a little more under control.

Side Effects of Clenbuterol:
There are several possible side effects to Clenbuterol use, and the primary will surround its stimulating nature. No surprise, after all, Clen is a stimulant. The side effects of Clenbuterol can be very strong and often very annoying to say the least, and they will generally affect most people in one way or another. The most common side effects surround a jittery or wired feeling, shaky hands and increased sweating. Most all who use Clen will experience such effects to a degree, but they will commonly be very pronounced during the early stages of use. As the individual becomes accustomed to the stimulant, such related effects should begin to subside, but they will be so strong in some people that some will not be able to use it.

When using Clenbuterol, many often inaccurately assume that when the stimulating effects of Clen began to fade that the thermogenic effects are no longer working. Most will find that the stimulating effects will greatly subside after a week or so of use, but assuming the fat burning properties have vanished due to this lessened stimulation is highly inaccurate. The same dose of Clenbuterol Hydrochloride can actually keep the metabolism revved for as much as five weeks. Granted, by the fifth week mark it will be minimal as the body does most certainly adapt. Due to the body’s ability to adapt, necessarily adjustments must be made to use. We will go over adjustments, dosing plans and total plans of use in the Clenbuterol in the administration section.

The aforementioned side effects of Clenbuterol are the most common, but there are other possible effects of note. As with many stimulating substances, some will experience headaches as well as possible nausea. One of the more bothersome possible side effects of Clenbuterol Hydrochloride will be muscle cramps. Cramps are not exceedingly common, but they will affect many people. Athletes are often at the greatest risk due to the hard and often intense training they are already undertaking. Staying well hydrated is often enough to avoid or remedy this problem, but supplementing with taurine can also help. Clen has been shown to deplete taurine, so supplementation may be necessary for some. Some may also have issues with insomnia; in fact, some may find sleep becomes extremely difficult. Again, this is very common with many stimulating substances, but with Clen it can, for some, be impossible to avoid. Clen has an active half-life that stretches to the 34 hour mark, and that can make sleep impossible for some people. Many will, however, find if they take their Clen first thing in the morning they will not have any issues with sleep, but due to the long half-life some will find insomnia occurs regardless of when they take it.

The use of Clenbuterol Hydrochloride also carries with it possible side effects that can be severe; in fact, dangerous would be a more accurate description. Such effects are most commonly associated with abuse through high doses and far beyond recommended extended periods of use. The severe side effects of Clenbuterol include high blood pressure, irregular heartbeat, trembling and even panic. Some studies have also shown that Clenbuterol abuse can also lead to cardiac hypertrophy, which could potentially lead to death. It is very possible to use this compound without such effects, but as with so many things in life it will require responsible use and a thorough understanding of Clen.

Clenbuterol Administration:
In a therapeutic setting, Clenbuterol doses will most commonly be 20mcg per day, with some requiring 40mcg per day. It is possible for some to need even more, but it is rare and generally only for a short period of time. This should, in most all cases, be enough Clen to correct related breathing issues, if not, alternative treatments may be needed.

In a performance setting as a thermogenic, Clenbuterol doses will start low and generally increase overtime due to a down regulation of the beta-receptor. Most men will find starting at 40mcg per day to be perfect. Many women may also be fine with this starting dose, but many will be far more comfortable with a starting dose of 20mcg per day. As the body adapts, the dose will need to increase in order to maintain the full fat loss benefits. There are several schools of thought on the best way to use Clen in a fat burning setting, but there are only three that really make any sense. All three will work very well, but you may need to try all three at separate times to find which one works best for you.

Two Week Rotation:
One of the most common methods of Clenbuterol use for fat loss purposes is two weeks on followed by two weeks off. This type of use will normally continue until the end goal is reached. The individual will start with the initial dose and increase it by 20mcg every few days until he has reached the maximum desired or needed dose. The individual will then hold at this dose the final days of the two week period and then discontinue all Clenbuterol use for two weeks. At the end of the two weeks with no Clen, the individual will begin the process again.

The two week rotation schedule is very effective, but there is also a problem. During the off periods you have no Clen in your system, and as a result, a two week period with a decreased metabolic rate. This does not mean you won’t be burning fat during the off week periods, as long as you’re dieting you should still lose fat, but you are giving up the enhancement.

Continuous Use:
Due to the body’s ability to adapt to Clenbuterol, continuous use is very hard for some to get their head around. When we consider that the stimulating effects of a noticeable nature began to wane first, the idea of continuous use for some doesn’t make any sense, but we assure you this method of use can work very well. Remember, the same dose of Clen can keep the metabolism revved for up to 5 weeks.

With this type of use, the individual will begin with the starting dose of 20-40mcg per day and hold at that dose for 2-3 weeks. At the end of the 2-3 week period, the individual will increase the dose by 20mcg and hold at that dose for another 2-3 weeks. From here, the individual will increase the dose 20mcg every 2-3 weeks as needed until the diet or total Clen use comes to an end. This type of use will keep your metabolism revved the entire time. It may not experience as great of an increase as would with a massive or very frequent increasing in dose schedule, but it will be a steady and continuous enhancement. There will be no period in the diet during Clenbuterol use that the individual doesn’t enjoy the metabolic enhancement.

In Between:
The final preferred method of Clenbuterol use falls in-between our other two discussed methods. This type of use will last for 4-6 weeks and can be an excellent way to use it for the individual who is only using it the last few weeks leading up to competition. The individual will start with 40mcg per day and increase periodically until he reaches the maximum desired or needed dose and will hold at the maximum dose the final 7-14 days of the plan. The increases in dosing will not be as dramatic as the two week rotation schedule but stronger than the continuous plan. At this stage, if more Clen is still needed, the individual will need to wait 4-6 weeks before beginning a new phase. This makes this type of use best for those who only need a short period of metabolic enhancement.

Regardless of the type of schedule you use, the maximum Clenbuterol dose will normally be 120mcg per day. Some may find 140mcg per day to be acceptable, especially some men, but no one should for any reason surpass the 140mcg per day mark if they are going to avoid cardiac damage. Regardless of the total dosing or plan of use you use, Clenbuterol use should be kept at no more than 16 weeks of total use. 16 weeks of total use per year should be your guide. For the individual competing in more than one show per year at different stages of the year, we can make exceptions. However, this individual should try to keep the total use as close to a 16 week total every 12 months as possible for safety reasons.

Sildenafil, commonly known by the trade name Viagra is an oral medication used for the treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED). Pfizer commercially released Viagra in 1996 officially making it the first drug ever approved by the FDA for the treatment of ED. Since its inception many other brands of Sildenafil have come to the market place taking the once held monopoly away from Pfizer as well as several other ED medications composed of different drugs, Cialis (Tadalafil) being the most notable and largest competition for Viagra.
Viagra Functions and Traits
The function of Viagra is relatively simple – it relaxes the muscle and increases the blood flow to the penis. An erection is nothing more than blood flow to the penis. When blood flow is weak so is the erection. If we increase blood flow we increase the strength of the erection and the ability to maintain it.

The specifics of action involve the binding of nitric oxide to the guanylate cyclase receptors, which increases cGMP levels. This produces a smooth muscle relaxation, which in turn opens the pathway for increased blood flow. Viagra belongs to the class of drugs known as cGMP Specific Phosphodiesterase type 5 or PED5.

Important note: Viagra as well as other PED5 medications cannot cause or promote an erection without sexual stimulation. They do not have an effect on libido. The subject must be sexually aroused to obtain an erection. In the case of Viagra the problem for the subject is that the desire is there but the erection is not found. Viagra should reverse this issue if blood flow is the cause.

Effects of Viagra
The effects of Viagra are once again simple: the individual does not have the ability to produce or maintain an erection and Viagra provides the ability. However, it cannot be stressed enough that this only pertains to those with blood flow issues. If the ED issue is based on a hormone deficiency the use of Viagra or any PED5 may not help. In other cases, it may require both the use of hormone therapy and PED5 medication. Some individuals may also find the issue is psychologically related. Mental related ED is not uncommon and is not a blood flow or hormone issue. Others may find their issue surrounds stress to the CNS or worse and at times without remedy due to testicular or penile damage.

Side Effects of Viagra
The side effects of Viagra, the most commonly reported is abnormal or blurred vision with approximately 2.5% of users experiencing this effect. If vision issues occur users are urged to discontinue and find alternative options. All possible side effects of Viagra include:

Vision disturbances
Loss of hearing (sudden) or ringing in the ears
Nausea
Sweating
Edema (hands, ankles, feet)
Shortness of Breath
Light Headed
Headache
Stuffy Nose
Back Pain
Memory Loss
The side effects of Viagra do not appear to occur in most men. Another side effect of the PED5 may be an erection lasting longer than 4 hours, which may or may not be considered a good thing depending on your situation, but will more than likely call for professional attention.

Viagra Administration
Viagra is taken orally and is a blue diamond shape pill with Pfizer imprinted on one side and VGR XX on the other. It is available in numerous dosing strengths from 25mg, 50mg and 100mg per tablet. However, many compounding pharmacies also manufacture Sildenafil with their own dosing ranges.

Recommended use is to take Viagra 30-60 minutes before sexual activity for the best effect with the total effect of the pill lasting for 4 hours, approximately.

Trenbolone Enanthate is an extremely powerful anabolic steroid and is virtually interchangeable with Parabolan (Trenbolone Hexahydrobenzylcarbonate). All Trenbolone compounds carry the same, identical Trenbolone hormone. The only difference in the compounds is the ester attached, which helps to control the hormone’s releasing activity. There will not be much difference in Trenbolone Enanthate and Parabolan in this regard.Trenbolone Enanthate is an extremely powerful anabolic steroid and is virtually interchangeable with Parabolan (Trenbolone Hexahydrobenzylcarbonate). All Trenbolone compounds carry the same, identical Trenbolone hormone. The only difference in the compounds is the ester attached, which helps to control the hormone’s releasing activity. There will not be much difference in Trenbolone Enanthate and Parabolan in this regard.The Trenbolone hormone is commonly classified as a veterinarian grade anabolic steroid. Trenbolone Acetate, although the most popular Tren compound among performance athletes is also essential to the livestock market. However, Trenbolone Enanthate does not fall into this category, not technically. Trenbolone Enanthate is strictly an underground black market anabolic steroid. The compound first appeared in 2004 under the British Dragon label Trenabol. This makes Trenbolone Enanthate the youngest of the three common Tren forms and the only one that has never been used in what we’d consider legitimate medicine. Trenbolone Acetate was actually studied in a human therapeutic capacity, however, largely rested on vet grounds. Then we have Parabolan, which is the only human grade or pharmacy grade Trenbolone hormone ever created and it enjoyed enormous success until its discontinuation in 1997.
What can be said of all Trenbolone forms can be said of Trenbolone Enanthate on a functional basis. The traits of the Tren hormone are the same with all Tren compounds. However, unlike the Acetate version the individual should be able to inject the Enanthate version far less often, but still on a schedule similar to Parabolan. Unfortunately, the only Trenbolone Enanthate you will ever find will also only be on the underground black market through underground lab labels. Some of the larger suppliers carry it, most all carry the Acetate version but Enanthate based Tren can at times be a little harder to find.
Trenbolone Enanthate Functions & Traits:Trenbolone Enanthate is a 19-nortestosterone (19-nor) anabolic androgenic steroid. The 19-nor label refers to a structural change of the testosterone hormone in that it lacks a carbon atom at the 19th position. This is the same classification given to the popular Nandrolone hormone that makes up the popular anabolic steroid Deca Durabolin. In fact, Trenbolone is simply a modified form of Nandrolone, which itself is simply a structurally altered form of testosterone. When we break down various steroids, it is very slight changes that give us massive differences, but the relationships in a total sense are often far more closely related than we might realize. As for the Trenbolone hormone, it is the Nandrolone hormone with an added double bond at carbons 9 and 11. This structural change slows its metabolism, greatly increases its binding affinity to the androgen receptor and inhibits it from aromatizing. While this is truly a slight modification, it truly creates a different hormone and one that is far more powerful than Nandrolone. Trenbolone Enanthate, like all Tren carries and anabolic rating of 500 and an androgenic rating of 500. More importantly, its translating activity matches its structural ratings perfectly, meaning strong and pronounced anabolic and androgenic effects will be displayed.
Beyond the structural nature of Trenbolone, Trenbolone Enanthate carries the Enanthate (enanthoic acid) ester. The ester does not affect the Trenbolone hormone. This version will not create a more or less powerful Tren compound or change any of the traits of the hormone. It will, however, affect the hormone’s release time post injection, which will be much slower than the Acetate version. It will carry a longer half-life similar to Testosterone Enanthate. The Enanthate ester attached will also affect the compounds concentrated potency. On a milligram for milligram basis, Trenbolone Acetate is stronger than Trenbolone Enanthate due to the Enanthate ester taking up more mass in the compound. With the Acetate version, the Acetate ester is small, therefore takes up less mass in the total compound. However, total dosing can be adjusted with either form, which will enable you to receive the same amount of active Trenbolone with any form you choose.

The following chart will breakdown the potency and milligram for milligram discrepancies:

Form Dosing Active Trenbolone
Trenbolone Acetate 100mg 87mg per 100mg
Trenbolone Enanthate 100mg 72mg per 100mg
Parabolan *76.5mg 50mg per 76.5mg

Parabolan is always found in 76,5mg/ml form, whereas the Acetate version is normally found at 50-100mg/ml and the Enanthate version 100-200mg/ml.

Trenbolone Enanthate carries with it several primary anabolic steroidal traits that make it one of the most versatile and powerful anabolic steroids of all time. Many of the traits are very similar to numerous anabolic steroids. However, the Trenbolone hormone simply carries them at a rate of power far beyond and above most others. When we consider this rate of power alongside its lacking of aromatase activity, which we will go over in the side effects section, this makes it an even more valuable hormone. All in all, Trenbolone Enanthate carries seven primary functional traits that are worthy of mention and largely define the hormone’s mode of action. The traits include the following:
[1] Enhanced Protein Synthesis:Protein is the primary building block of muscle. It is not the only important factor but it is primary. Protein synthesis refers to the rate by which cells build proteins and as synthesis is increased more is available for work and production. This increases the body’s anabolic atmosphere, and also greatly improves the overall rate of recovery, which is essential to total progress. This is not only important during periods of growth, but essential to periods of weight loss in a preservation capacity. We will find all the primary functional traits of Trenbolone Enanthate to be equally important and valuable in bulking and cutting phases.
[2] Enhanced Nitrogen Retention:All lean muscle tissue is comprised of approximately 16% nitrogen. As nitrogen levels fall, this can lead to a catabolic (muscle wasting) state. The more nitrogen we retain the more anabolic we remain. Again, the anabolic atmosphere is enhanced, recovery is improved and progress enjoyed.
[3] Increased Red Blood Cell Count:Red blood cells are responsible for carrying oxygen to and through the blood. As red blood cell count increases, this increases blood oxygenation levels. With greater blood oxygenation, this greatly improves muscular endurance. It will also promote more efficient muscular recovery and even play a role in a direct conditioning sense of a visual nature.
[4] Increased IGF-1 Output:Insulin-Like Growth Factor-1 (IGF-1) is a powerful protein hormone of the peptide class that is primarily produced by the liver. The hormone plays an integral role with Human Growth Hormone (HGH) in a regulation sense and is extremely anabolic. It is also essential to recovery and our body’s ability to rejuvenate. So important, IGF-1 actually affects nearly every cell in the human body from muscle tissue, ligaments and tendons, cartilage, bone, the central nervous system and even affects our lungs to a degree.
[5] Inhibition of Glucocorticoids:Glucocorticoid hormones are essential to our health but only in minimal levels. These are muscle wasting and fat promoting hormones and while important to our immune system can bring havoc to the body when found in abundance. Hard training, and even more so when coupled with hard dieting can greatly increase in amount, cortisol being primary and the most well know. Trenbolone Enanthate will ensure levels are kept to a minimum state, in turn ensuring the powerful anabolic atmosphere is maintained.
[6] Strong Binding Affinity to the Androgen Receptor:Most all anabolic androgenic steroids will promote a stronger and more powerful metabolism. However, steroids that bind firmly to the androgen receptor have been linked to the promotion of direct lipolysis (fat loss). Trenbolone Enanthate can actually help you directly burn body fat. As we will later see, this is actually very beneficial during off-season periods of growth, as well as periods of cutting.
[7] Increased Feed Efficiency:The above six functional traits of Trenbolone Enanthate are enough to make this a very powerful and beneficial anabolic steroid. However, its ability to increase or enhance feed efficiency, often referred to as nutrient efficiency is what truly makes the Trenbolone hormone the greatest anabolic steroid of all time. By supplementing with Trenbolone Enanthate, each and every nutrient we consume becomes more valuable. We are now able to make better use of every last gram of fat, protein and carbohydrates we consume. Without a hormone like Tren, the body can only utilize each nutrient to a certain degree. This will vary depending on the precise food in question, but each nutrient will never be utilized fully. With Tren, the utilization is enhanced, the same total caloric intake becomes more valuable and more progress is made. This is the very reason Trenbolone is given to livestock before slaughter. In this case, it will be Trenbolone Acetate and actually in the form of subcutaneous implant pellets known as Finaplix.
Effects of Trenbolone Enanthate:From looking at the functional traits of Trenbolone Enanthate, it’s not too hard to see how valuable this hormone can be. Further, you should already have a good idea of the effects that can be enjoyed. However, we want to look at the effects of Trenbolone Enanthate in a more realistic way. Specifically, we want to explain what you can expect due to supplementation. We cannot pinpoint every last effect to the full possible degree. This will vary from one man to the next and can be dependent on numerous factors, but the following will give you a very good idea of what can be obtained.
The Trenbolone hormone is well known for being the greatest anabolic steroid for cutting purposes, and that’s a hard point to argue against. However, compounds like Trenbolone Enanthate are also tremendously beneficial during periods of off-season growth. This anabolic steroid has the ability to promote true lean tissue growth at a rate far above and beyond most anabolic steroids. More importantly, it will do so in a cleaner way than most steroids. Many steroids associated with off-season bulking often promote large amounts of water retention, but this is impossible with Tren. Each and every pound of weight gained due to the use of this hormone will be pure lean muscle mass. Of equal importance, the individual will find he gains less body fat during his off-season phase due to this steroid’s tremendous metabolic enhancement and fat burning properties.
When considering off-season use of Trenbolone Enanthate, there is something we must keep in mind. Use will help the individual control his body fat, but this does not mean body fat is impossible to gain. You must consume a level of calories above maintenance to truly grow. Thankfully, with Tren you will make better use of each calorie and the metabolic factors will also provide fat gain protection. However, there will still be a cutoff point. The use of Tren in the off-season is not a license to eat like there’s no end in site. You can still gain plenty of body fat if you don’t exercise self-control.
Then we have the cutting phase, and we can say with confidence there is no anabolic steroid on earth more valuable to this phase than Trenbolone. Trenbolone Enanthate, as should be obvious will help you burn fat at a more powerful and far more efficient rate. That alone is a benefit but it is far from the primary one. There is no anabolic steroid that will preserve lean mass like Tren and that is one of the two key goals during a diet. In order to lose body fat, we must burn more calories than we consume. This can put our lean tissue at risk and the body will begin to feed on it in order to meet its energy demands. It will often feed on it before body fat as part of its survival instinct, especially once our body fat levels become low. If we’re losing weight, but also losing muscle tissue this is not successful dieting. The goal is to lose body fat while maintaining as much muscle tissue as we can. Trenbolone Enanthate will provide this protection and ensure we burn only body fat and not our hard earned muscle tissue. The hormone will also promote strong conditioning effects. Hardness, increased vascularity and overall greater definition are all common with Tren. In fact, you can take any two steroids on earth and combine them and not receive the conditioning effects provided at the rate of power of Tren.
All who supplement with Trenbolone Enanthate will find their muscular endurance is greatly enhanced. Bulking or cutting this will occur, as will a dramatic improvement in recovery. This all leads to greater progress and a more efficient body in a physical functioning capacity. However, some have reported issues of decreased cardiovascular endurance when using Tren, and this will keep some athletes from using it. However, it is not a guaranteed effect by any means. Many will be able to use the hormone without any negative effect on cardiovascular endurance. It appears to be very individually based. All who use Trenbolone Enanthate, especially in the off-season should also find their strength greatly increases. Even at maintenance calorie levels strength increases should be significant. During a calorie deficit, especially when the individual becomes very lean, an increase in strength should not be expected. However, the use of Tren should ensure you maintain far more strength than you would otherwise.
Side Effects of Trenbolone Enanthate:Trenbolone Enanthate is not what we’d call the most side effect friendly anabolic steroid of all time. There are many possible side effects of Trenbolone Enanthate use, but possible is the key word. The side effects of Trenbolone Enanthate with one exception are not guaranteed. Many of the possible side effects are very similar to many other anabolic steroids and most should find they are very easy to control. However, there are certain response side effects of Trenbolone Enanthate that will keep many from being able to use this hormone. There will be more who cannot use the Trenbolone hormone perhaps more so than any anabolic steroid. However, the majority of men should still tolerate the hormone well despite a stronger number not being able to use it compared to most steroids. In order to help you understand the possible side effects of Trenbolone Enanthate, we have broken them down into their separate categories along with all the information you’ll need.
[1] Estrogenic:Trenbolone Enanthate is not estrogenic in that it does not aromatize. There is no testosterone to estrogen conversion with this hormone making water retention impossible due to use. However, the hormone does carry a strong progestin nature, which can make gynecomastia a concern, especially in sensitive individuals. When combined with the use of an aromatizing steroid, this appears to increase the risk. Progesterone has the ability to stimulate the estrogenic mechanism in the mammary tissue, which in turn can promote gynecomastia. In order to combat this issue, some men will need an anti-estrogen.
When it comes to Tren produced gynecomastia, there has been a prevailing myth that has been passed around message boards for years. The myth simply states that it’s the possible prolactin buildup caused by Trenbolone that leads to gynecomastia, but this simply isn’t true. William Llewellyn has largely dispelled this myth showing the intrinsic relationship between estrogen and progesterone imbalances and their effects on the mammary tissue. In his Anabolics series, you will find he goes into great detail explaining this issue.
[2] Androgenic:Trenbolone Enanthate is highly androgenic, which can lead to acne, accelerated hair loss in those predisposed to male pattern baldness and body hair growth. The androgenic side effects of Trenbolone are, however, highly dependent on genetic predispositions. If you are not predisposed to male pattern baldness, losing any hair will be impossible. If you are not normally acne sensitive, the odds of any related problem during use is unlikely.
Those who are sensitive to the androgenic side effects of Trenbolone Enanthate will often attempt to combat them with a 5-alpha reductase inhibitor. This is very common and is also a waste of time. Such inhibitors, Finasteride being primary, are commonly used to reduce the androgenicity of a steroid that is brought on by a reduction of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone (DHT). This is all caused by the hormone being metabolized by the 5-alpha reductase enzyme, but Trenbolone is not metabolized by this enzyme. As a result, the use of any related inhibitor will have very little to no affect on the hormone’s androgenicity.
[3] Cardiovascular:The possible cardiovascular side effects of Trenbolone Enanthate are by far the most concerning. In the present moment of use many are often far more concerned with gynecomastia, but this is merely a visual issue. Cardiovascular issues can directly and negatively affect your health. The primary area of concern will surround cholesterol. Tren can increased LDL cholesterol (bad cholesterol) levels and suppress/reduce HDL cholesterol (good cholesterol) levels. This cholesterol strain should not be as strong as many oral steroids, but potentially more severe than most injectable steroids.
In order to control your cholesterol, living a healthy lifestyle is imperative. A healthy lifestyle should include a cholesterol friendly diet that is low in saturated fats and simple sugars and abundant in omega fatty acids. Supplementing daily with large amounts of fish oils is normally advised. The individual should also ensure he implements plenty of cardiovascular activity on a regular basis and this includes off-season periods of growth. Do not buy into the idea that cardio is damaging to your off-season gains. You do not have to implement contest style cardio programs during your off-season but a regular amount for your health is recommended. This will, however, actually help you with off-season growth. It will keep your metabolism even stronger, minimize off-season fat gain and lead to a better physique. If you already have high cholesterol or cannot maintain a healthy cholesterol level during use you should not use this anabolic steroid.
Trenbolone Enanthate can also have a negative impact on blood pressure. The odds are in most men’s favor, especially since water retention, a primary promoter of high blood pressure is impossible with this steroid. However, high blood pressure is possible and you should keep an eye on it. Most healthy adult men will be fine if they live a healthy lifestyle.
[4] Testosterone:All anabolic steroids will suppress natural testosterone production; however, the rate of suppression varies greatly from one steroid to the next. In the case of Trenbolone Enanthate, suppression will be dramatic and will not be affected by genetics. Due to the powerful rate of suppression all men who supplement with Trenbolone are strongly encouraged to include exogenous testosterone into their plan. Those who do not include exogenous testosterone will fall into a low testosterone state. Low testosterone comes with numerous possible symptoms. Sexually related symptoms are the most common, such as erectile dysfunction and suppressed libido, but they are far from the only ones. It is actually possible to suffer from low testosterone without sexually related symptoms and while the symptoms are not directly life threatening the condition is extremely unhealthy. The form of testosterone you choose is inconsequential. All that matters is you provide your body with this essential hormone.
Once the use of all anabolic steroids comes to an end natural testosterone production will begin again on its own. However, you will be at a low testosterone level for quite sometime. This can begin to produce low testosterone symptoms, which can include a loss of muscle mass and strength. It is very easy for cortisol to become dominant during this phase. For this reason, most men are encouraged to implement a Post Cycle Therapy (PCT) plan if they are going to be off-cycle for any decent length of time.
A PCT plan will stimulate natural testosterone production and greatly reduce the total recovery time. There is, however, no PCT plan on earth that will get you back to normal on its own, this will still take time. However, such a plan will ensure you have enough testosterone for proper bodily function while your levels continue to naturally rise.
Important notes on natural testosterone recovery; natural recovery assumes no prior low testosterone condition existed. It also assumes there was no severe damage done to the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Testicular-Axis (HPTA) due to the improper use of anabolic steroids.
[5] Hepatotoxicity:Trenbolone Enanthate is not what we’d traditionally consider a hepatotoxic anabolic steroid. However, there does appear to be a level of toxicity associated with extremely high doses, but such doses are extremely high and far beyond what even most hardcore bodybuilders would attempt. The average Trenbolone user should not experience any hepatic stress or damage.
[6] Response:There are four possible side effects of Trenbolone Enanthate that are 100% based on individual response and the subject of numerous myths surrounding the hormone. The effects have become such a topic of debate on many message boards that some believe if you don’t experience them your Tren must be no good. Not only is this ridiculous but it’s a borderline insane way of thinking. Successful use of any anabolic steroid not only refers to progress made but progress made without side effects or issues of concern. However, it will be the response based side effects of Trenbolone Enanthate that will keep some men from being able to use this hormone. In some cases, lowering the dose can fix the problem, but many who suffer will find that such effects occur even at low doses. The response effects include anxiety, insomnia, night sweats and rapid heart rate. They can also be so strong that they become unbearable. If a low dose of Tren causes such effects in you the hormone is probably not for you. If such effects occur, the best course of action is to discontinue use and try again later on at a lower dose. If problems still occur, this hormone is in no way for you. That may seem unfair but it’s life. Everyone has varying reactions to various hormones, medicines and even foods.
Because of the possible response side effects of Trenbolone, Trenbolone Enanthate is not recommended for first time users. Your first go with the hormone should always be Trenbolone Acetate, which most will prefer anyway. However, if you choose the Enanthate version your first time, run into problems and discontinue use you will still have to wait every bit of three weeks or more for the effects to dissipate. If you choose the Acetate version and run into problems, you can discontinue use and see them fade in a few days.
Trenbolone Enanthate Administration:Trenbolone Enanthate is normally best taken in two even doses per week for a single total weekly dosing. Common Trenbolone Enanthate doses will fall in the 200-400mg per week range, which would equate to two injections per week at 100-200mg per injection. This will provide notable results in most any man. Can more be used? Absolutely, if you’re a good responder more can be considered but each increase will increase the risks associated with use. Doses that get close or even slightly surpass 800mg per week are not uncommon, especially in bodybuilding circles and the benefits can be unreal but keep in mind the positive negative effects and always keep an eye on your health.
As for stacking, Trenbolone Enanthate stacks well with any and all anabolic steroids. It is not only versatile in the basis of periods of use but truly all aspects of anabolic steroid use. In the off-season, many will find a stack of Tren and testosterone to be very beneficial with the possible addition of Anadrol or Dianabol. Many may also find the use of Nandrolone in an overlapping plan with their Tren to be very beneficial, but such use is normally only advised for advanced long term cycles. During the cutting phase, Tren and testosterone can again be beneficial. Testosterone doses are often lower during this period of use but not always. It really revolves around the total plan and diet. Other welcomed additions could include Masteron, Winstrol, Anavarand Primobolan Depot.

Testosterone Propionate is a single ester testosterone compound and represents one of the most important testosterone compounds every manufactured. When synthetic testosterone was first created it was in its pure form. Simply put there was no ester attached, thereby providing a fast acting compound that would necessarily require a very frequent administration schedule. In 1937 the pharmaceutical giant Schering out of Germany would release the first ester base testosterone in Testosterone Propionate under the trade name Testoviron. The same trade name it would eventually give to its Testosterone Enanthate product. By attaching the Propionate ester to the hormone, this would allow for the hormone’s release time to be controlled and provided a more efficient means in maintaining stable blood levels. Although this was not the first synthetic testosterone preparation created, Testosterone Propionate would become the first commercially available testosterone product. It would also dominate the medical community until the 1960’s and much of the newly born performance enhancing community.

During the 1960’s Testosterone Propionate would lose a lot of its popularity in favor of the larger ester base Testosterone Cypionate and Testosterone Enanthate compounds. However, it is still used medicinally today as well as by many performance athletes. You will find more of it among the latter group than anywhere else. Many performance enhancing athletes actually believe the Propionate form will lead to less water retention than the dominating large ester forms of Testosterone. For this reason, it is often the preferred form of testosterone during cutting cycles. While this is the common belief it is also a misconception. Regardless of the testosterone form the hormone does not become active in the body until the ester detaches and then the hormone is released. Regardless of the ester originally attached to the hormone you still have the same testosterone hormone in the body once the ester is removed. So where does this myth come from? Common sense tells us that when running a cutting cycle the individual will consume a calorie restricted diet, one that is often healthier and with less of an abundance in carbohydrates. As a result the individual will hold less water. Then we have the fact that many often use less testosterone when dieting and if your total dose is less than an off-season dose there’s less active hormone available to promote water retention. All in all, you can receive the same benefits with Testosterone Propionate as all testosterone forms. However, an advantage of Testosterone Propionate is that it can be easier to maintain stable and peaked blood levels of the hormone due to the very frequent injection protocol compared to large ester bases.

Outside of performance enhancement, Testosterone Propionate has found a number of therapeutic uses. However, like all testosterone forms the treatment of male androgen deficiency such as low testosterone has always been the most common point of use. Testosterone Propionate has, however, also found other points of interesting use over the years in treating menopausal issues, chronic cystic mastitis, excessive lactation and endometriosis. This was for a decent amount of time the most commonly used testosterone for female medical treatment, but it has largely been removed from U.S. FDA approval in female patients. It is still approved for male use in the U.S. but it will be found in medicinal circles more commonly in other parts of the world. However, Cypionate and Enanthate remain the dominate forms worldwide leaving Propionate to be primarily use in performance circles.

Testosterone Propionate Functions & Traits:
Testosterone Propionate is a pure testosterone hormone. Although synthetic it is a perfect replica of the primary naturally produced male androgen testosterone. By design, the hormone is attached to the Propionate (propionic acid) ester, a small/short ester that enables the hormone’s release time to be controlled. Without an ester, the hormone would disperse and dissipate rapidly post administration. By attaching the ester, this promotes a controlled release and allows the individual to inject the hormone less frequently. Once Testosterone Propionate is injected, the ester slowly begins to detach from the hormone. As the ester is detached the testosterone hormone begins to release into the blood. The half-life of Testosterone Propionate is approximately two days, which is substantially longer than ester free testosterone, which carries a half-life a little less than 24 hours.

As a pure testosterone, Testosterone Propionate carries an anabolic rating of 100 and an androgenic rating of 100 as well. The testosterone hormone itself represents the basis by which all anabolic and androgenic ratings are measured in all anabolic steroids. More importantly, while carrying these structural ratings, its translating rating matches up perfectly. Testosterone Propionate will yield a notable amount of anabolic and androgenic activity. This is important as not all steroids match their structural ratings in a translating capacity.

Although synthetic in nature, Testosterone Propionate is an efficient hormone for the treatment of low testosterone. Testosterone is an essential hormone produced by men and women that affects our physical, mental and sexual wellbeing. While produced and essential for both sexes, men require approximately ten times that of women. If you suffer from low testosterone and more than 20 million men in the U.S. suffer from some type of androgen deficiency, Testosterone Propionate will remedy the problem. However, while effective, after all, it is testosterone, it is not a preferred form of treatment as it will require frequent injections. Testosterone Cypionate and Testosterone Enanthate remain the dominant forms in treatment plans. However, if you suffer and Testosterone Propionate is what’s available it is a suitable option.

There are numerous symptoms associated with low testosterone. The symptoms themselves are not life threatening but they severally diminish your quality of life. More importantly, when the condition is ignored it can be an open doorway to many far more serious conditions, some of which are life threatening. The symptoms of low testosterone include:

Loss of Libido (can refer to partial or total loss)
Erectile Dysfunction (inability to maintain or obtain and erection)
Loss of Muscle Mass (despite diet & exercise)
Loss of Strength (despite diet & exercise)
Increased Body Fat (despite diet & exercise)
Loss of Mental Clarity
Decreased Ability to Focus
Lethargy
Insomnia
Irritability
Decreased Energy
Depression
Weakened Immune System
Regular administration of Testosterone Propionate will remedy every last symptom on this list if it is due to low testosterone. In the early stages of low testosterone you may not display too many symptoms. Many men initially display one of the sexually related most commonly and perhaps one more from the list. However, while the sexually related symptoms are the most common it is possible to suffer from low testosterone without such symptoms initially. As time goes by, if ignored the symptoms will begin to mount. If continually ignored low testosterone can in part promote several far more concerning conditions including:

Alzheimer’s Disease
Diabetes
Osteoporosis
Infertility
Polyuria
Anxiety
Heart Disease
When compounds like Testosterone Propionate can so easily remedy a low testosterone condition, there really is no excuse for living with the problem. There are possible side effects to use, but keep in mind this is merely testosterone a hormone your body is well accustomed to. For the low level patient, while there are possible side effects of Testosterone Propionate very few men will have a problem.

While a perfect replica of the primary male androgen, treating low testosterone is not the only functional trait provided by Testosterone Propionate. This is a highly versatile anabolic steroid and high levels of the hormone will enhance several primary anabolic characteristics. When we refer to high levels, this is the realm of performance enhancement. With this type of use, the individual will be taking his testosterone levels far above and beyond what could ever be naturally produced. Through this action, Testosterone Propionate will promote five key steroidal enhancement traits that will serve most any man tremendously well. With this type of use, every man who supplements will enjoy improvements in his life in the same areas as a low level patient. However, it is the tremendous enhancement provided by the five traits that separate and distinguish this type of use. The five primary anabolic traits of Testosterone Propionate include:

Enhanced Protein Synthesis
Enhanced Nitrogen Retention
Increased Red Blood Cell Count
Increased IGF-1 Output
Inhibition of Glucocorticoid Hormones
By enhancing protein synthesis, this simply means we enhance the rate by which cells build proteins. Protein representing the primary building block of muscle tissue; this is essential to repair and recovery, which is where anabolic growth is promoted. The promotion of nitrogen will also enhance the anabolic atmosphere as all lean tissue is comprised of approximately 16% nitrogen. When nitrogen levels fall this can lead to a catabolic (muscle wasting) state. Conversely, the more nitrogen we retain the more anabolic we remain.

Then we have the promotion of red blood cells. Red blood cells are responsible for carrying oxygen to and through the blood. Greater blood oxygenation results in greater muscular endurance, enhanced recovery and again promotes the anabolic atmosphere. From here we have the promotion of Insulin-Like Growth Factor-1 (IGF-1). IGF-1 is a naturally produced protein hormone that is highly anabolic and essential to the body’s recovery and rejuvenation abilities. This is a hormone that affects nearly every cell in the human body and will have a positive impact on muscle tissue, ligaments and tendons, cartilage, and even the central nervous system.

Finally we’re left with inhibition of glucocorticoid or stress hormones. These hormones are necessary to the body’s wellbeing to a degree but they are muscle wasting and fat promoting hormones. Cortisol is the most well-known glucocorticoid and it is very easy for these hormones to become dominant in the body. A dominant atmosphere will lead to the opposite of an anabolic atmosphere. Thankfully compounds like Testosterone Propionate will ensure this doesn’t happen.

Effects of Testosterone Propionate:
For the low testosterone patient, if you supplement with Testosterone Propionate you will suffer no more. This is the primary effect of Testosterone in this regard. Levels were low and now they’re not. Then we have the performance enhancing athlete, and as a versatile anabolic steroid the effects of Testosterone Propionate will cover a wide breadth in this category.

For the off-season athlete there is no anabolic steroid more important or beneficial than testosterone. High levels of testosterone will promote significant increases in lean muscle mass and strength. This is assuming that the individual is consuming adequate calories. Compounds like Testosterone Propionate are not magical, you will still need to feed your body enough calories. During an off-season period of growth, this means total caloric intake will need to be slightly above maintenance. This will, unfortunately, promote body fat gain. However, the key to a successful off-season is gaining lean tissue while minimizing body fat gain to the fullest extent possible. By supplementing with Testosterone Propionate you will be able to achieve this more efficiently. High testosterone levels will promote a stronger metabolic rate. This is not a license to eat like there’s no end in sight, but you should be able to make better use of your calories.

Then we have the cutting phase, and Testosterone Propionate can be invaluable here. In order to lose body fat we must burn more calories than we consume. You can follow the healthiest diet in the world and exercise yourself into the ground but if you are not in a caloric deficit you will not lose body fat. Unfortunately, this necessary caloric deficit puts our lean muscle tissue at risk, especially as we become leaner. The human body does not want to lose body fat due to its survival instinct. As energy demands increase during dieting the body will take what it needs from wherever it wants, and this is often from your muscle tissue. The key to successful dieting is not only losing fat but minimizing muscle tissue low. High testosterone levels will enable you to achieve this efficiently. Without an anabolic protectant like Testosterone Propionate, some lean muscle tissue loss will occur, this is a given. Due to the metabolic enhancement provided by high testosterone levels, the individual will also burn fat at a more efficient rate.

Regardless of your purpose of use, all who supplement with Testosterone Propionate will find their muscular endurance is greatly enhanced. You will not tire out as fast. You will also find your overall rate of recovery is greatly improved, and it is through recovery that progress is made. This makes Testosterone Propionate an excellent steroid for athletes who may not have any bulking or cutting in mind. The increases in endurance and recovery along with improved strength will simply lead to more effective athletic performance.

Side Effects of Testosterone Propionate:
Testosterone Propionate is a very well-tolerated anabolic steroid for most healthy adult men. Healthy is excluding a low testosterone condition. While carrying a high threshold of toleration, there are possible side effects of Testosterone Propionate use. For the low level patient, the side effects of Testosterone Propionate will rarely be a problem. Side effects are possible, but keep in mind you’re merely replacing what your body is lacking. For the performance athlete, this will require supraphysiological doses of the hormone and this is where the side effects of Testosterone Propionate will be most common. However, most men can tolerate high testosterone levels very well. There is a cutoff point and it will vary from one man to the next, but most men can enjoy and control relatively high levels of the hormone. In order to help you understand the possible side effects of Testosterone Propionate, we have broken them down into their separate categories along with all the information you’ll need.

[1] Estrogenic:
The side effects of Testosterone Propionate will predominantly surround its estrogenic nature. The testosterone hormone has the ability to convert to estrogen through its interaction with the aromatase enzyme. As aromatization occurs, if estrogen levels become high this can lead to gynecomastia and excess water retention. Severe excess water retention can also lead to high blood pressure. Fortunately, it is very easy to control and avoid the estrogenic side effects of Testosterone Propionate.

Many men are commonly encouraged to use an anti-estrogen when supplementing with exogenous testosterone. You have two choices in anti-estrogens, Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators (SERM’s) like Nolvadex (Tamoxifen Citrate) and Aromatase Inhibitors (AI’s) like Arimidex (Anastrozole). AI’s will be the most effective as they inhibit aromatization and lower serum estrogen levels. SERM’s will not inhibit or reduce estrogen, but rather bind to the estrogen receptor preventing the estrogen hormone from binding.

While AI’s are the most effective, they can also be harsh on cholesterol. They do not appear to be too harsh on their own, but when combined with an aromatizing steroid like Testosterone Propionate the problem is enhanced. SERM’s will not promote any negative cholesterol activity. In fact, while anti-estrogenic SERM’s actually act as estrogen in the liver and will promote healthy cholesterol. SERM’s should always be your first choice if they can get the job done. However, some will need an AI and if so they will need to put more effort into controlling their cholesterol.

[2] Androgenic:
Testosterone Propionate is a potent androgenic hormone and as a result androgenic side effects are possible. The possible androgenic side effects of Testosterone Propionate include acne, accelerated hair loss in those predisposed to male pattern baldness and body hair growth. While these side effects of Testosterone Propionate are possible, they are highly dependent on genetic predispositions. Many men will not have an issue at all, while others may need to exercise a little caution.

The testosterone hormone has the ability to reduce to dihydrotestosterone (DHT) due to it being metabolized by the 5-alpha reductase enzyme. This is what promotes the androgenic activity in the target areas of the skin and scalp. Some men may find a 5-alpha reductase inhibitor like Finasteride to be useful as it will reduce the hormones relative androgenicity. It will not completely reduce this activity but it will have a pronounced effect.

[3] Cardiovascular:
Testosterone Propionate can have a negative impact on cholesterol, particularly HDL cholesterol (good cholesterol) in suppressing total HDL levels. A therapeutic dose should not support a strong statistical decrease, however, the same dose could promote HDL suppression when conjoined with an AI. With a supraphysiological dose, total HDL suppression by as much as 20% is very possible. If conjoined with an AI it will more than likely be exasperated.

If you’re going to supplement with Testosterone Propionate, especially if you’re going to include an AI a cholesterol friendly lifestyle will be important. The individuals diet should be rich in omega fatty acids, low in saturated fats and simple sugars, and plenty of cardiovascular activity should be part of your normal routine. Those who ensure a cholesterol friendly lifestyle will rarely have an issue unless some underlying condition exists.

[4] Testosterone:
Regardless of who you are or why you’re using it, the side effects of Testosterone Propionate will always include the suppression of natural testosterone production. For the low level patient this is of no concern. Such an individual is not producing enough testosterone to begin with. For the performance athlete, during use this is also no concern as the exogenous testosterone will provide your body all it needs.

Once use is discontinued, natural testosterone production will begin again. This, however, does not apply to the low testosterone patient. A low level patient will more than likely always need exogenous testosterone therapy.

For the performance athlete, although production will begin again on its own more are encouraged to implement a Post Cycle Therapy (PCT) plan. This will cut down the total recovery time and ensure you have enough testosterone for proper bodily function while your levels continue to naturally rise. No, a PCT plan will not return you to normal on its own, there’s no PCT plan that can do this, but it will ensure a more efficient and comfortable recovery. It will also greatly protect your lean muscle tissue. Once a cycle is discontinued and natural testosterone levels are low, it is very easy for cortisol to become the dominant hormone, and this will put your lean tissue at risk. Implement a PCT plan and this problem is solved.

An important note on natural testosterone recovery; this assumes severe damage was not done to the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Testicular-Axis (HPTA) due to improper steroidal supplementation. It also assumes no prior low testosterone condition existed.

[5] Hepatotoxicity:
Testosterone Propionate is not hepatotoxic. This anabolic steroid will present no stress or damage to the liver.

Testosterone Propionate Administration:
For low testosterone treatment standard Testosterone Propionate doses will normally fall in the 25-50mg per injection range and are normally given 2-3 times per week. However, keep in mind in the modern age it is rarely used when compounds like Cypionate or Enanthate are available.

For performance enhancing athletes, 25-50mg every other day is generally a solid dose of Testosterone Propionate to combat suppression caused by the use of other anabolic steroids. For a true anabolic benefit, doses will normally fall in the 100mg every other day range. This is a very safe dose, easy to control and should be well-tolerated by most adult men. Higher doses can be used, most men can tolerate 150mg every other day very well. Many men will be able to tolerate 200mg every other day with relative ease. However, always keep in mind that the higher the dose the greater the probability of adverse effects. Higher doses will require more caution and effort in controlling side effects but it is more than possible to control them.

Testosterone Propionate will stack well with any and all anabolic steroids. Off-season bulking plans will often include compounds like Deca Durabolin (Nandrolone Decanoate), Anadrol (Oxymetholone) or Dianabol (Methandrostenolone). During the cutting phase, you will find Test-P as it’s often known stacks well with Anavar (Oxandrolone), Masteron (Drostanolone), Primobolan(Methenolone), Trenbolone and Winstrol (Stanozolol). The Trenbolone hormone can also be very beneficial during periods of off-season growth.

Nandrolone Phenylpropionate is an anabolic steroid that is very similar to the popular Nandrolone Decanoate compound. However, Nandrolone Phenylpropionate was the first Nandrolone compound ever commercially sold. Nandrolone Phenylpropionate hit the shelves in the 1950’s and was brought to the market by Organon under the name Durabolin. Soon after Organon would release its Decanoate cousin under the name Deca Durabolin.

Nandrolone Phenylpropionate is a small ester base anabolic steroid and is commonly referred to as NPP. This product has never been as popular as the larger ester Decanoate version, in part due to availability; however, in the modern era it has begun to see a resurgence in both use and availability thanks in part due to underground labs.

Nandrolone Phenylpropionate carries with it numerous therapeutic and performance benefits. The Nandrolone hormone is the most commonly prescribed anabolic steroid other than testosterone, but the Decanoate version is the most commonly prescribed Nandrolone form. It is one of the most well tolerated steroids in both performance and medical settings, although possible side effects most certainly exist.

Nandrolone Phenylpropionate Functions & Traits
Nandrolone Phenylpropionate is a 19-nortestosterone (19-nor) anabolic androgenic steroid. The 19-nor classification refers to a structural change of the testosterone hormone in that the carbon atom has been removed at the 19th position. This simple structural change gives us Nandrolone, and by adding the short Phenylpropionate ester we have Nandrolone Phenylpropionate.

On the basis of the hormone’s function, Nandrolone Phenylpropionate is identical to Nandrolone Decanoate. Both forms are comprised of the same active hormone. In the case of NPP we have a shorter ester version that gives a larger burst of Nandrolone after injection, but also carries a much shorter half-life. This means Nandrolone Phenylpropionate has to be injected more frequently than its larger ester counterpart if blood levels are to remain stable.

Nandrolone Phenylpropionate is slightly more anabolic than testosterone with a rating of 125 compared to testosterone’s rating of 100. It is also significantly less androgenic with a rating of 37 compared to testosterone’s rating of 100. The reduced androgenicity is due to the Nandrolone hormone reducing to dihydronandrolone (DHN) instead of dihydrotestosterone (DHT). This is one of the reasons Nandrolone Phenylpropionate can be well tolerated at higher doses in some men than higher doses of testosterone.

Nandrolone Phenylpropionate is also significantly less estrogenic than testosterone. Both Nandrolone and testosterone aromatize, but Nandrolone only does so at approximately 20% the rate of testosterone.

Important Note: Nandrolone Phenylpropionate carries a progestin nature, and this will play into the side effects of this hormone.

Nandrolone Phenylpropionate carries many positive traits that are similar to many anabolic steroids. However, this compound also carries functional traits that will far outweigh what some steroidal hormones can do. The positive functional traits of Nandrolone Phenylpropionate include:

Increased IGF-1 Production: Insulin-Like Growth Factor-1 (IGF-1) is a potent anabolic hormone that is also essential to our body’s ability to recovery. This is a hormone that affects nearly all cells within the human body.
Inhibition of Glucocorticoids: Known as stress hormones (cortisol) these hormones are essential to our health and wellbeing. However, glucocorticoids can also promote muscle loss and fat gain when they become dominant. Vigorous activity can lead to increases in stress hormones. Hormones like Nandrolone can reduce the production of stress hormones.
Increased Nitrogen Retention: All muscle tissue is comprised of 16% nitrogen. If retention falls we fall into a catabolic state. The more we retain the more anabolic we remain.
Increased Protein Synthesis: This refers to the rate in which cells build proteins, the building blocks of muscle tissue.
Increased Red Blood Cell Count: Red blood cells carry oxygen to and through the blood. Greater efficiency results in enhanced muscular endurance and recovery.
Increased Collagen Synthesis & Bone Mineral Content: This refers to the strength of bones and cartilage and the ability to strengthen and provide healing relief. This will hold true in joints more so than anywhere else.
Important Note: It’s often said Nandrolone forces water into the joints, thereby providing relief. This is not physically possible. It is not water, it is the enhancement of collagen synthesis and bone mineral content that provides relief.

Nandrolone Phenylpropionate is also well-suited for medical treatment in a host of areas. Although Nandrolone Decanoate is more commonly used, the Phenylpropionate version is still used with some regularity. The use of Nandrolone Phenylpropionate has been proven useful in the treatment of the following:

Muscle Wasting Diseases: Cancer, HIV, etc.
Improving Geriatric Weakness & Fatigue
Anemia
Breast Cancer
The Treatment of Burn Victims
Ulcers
Pituitary Dwarfism
Development Retardation in Children
Osteoporosis
Despite a host of benefits and purposes of use, in the U.S. Nandrolone is generally only prescribed for HIV, AIDS and anemia. Its rate of success in other areas is high, but typically use for such areas of medicine is found outside the U.S. Some U.S. physicians have begun to prescribe it for anti-aging purposes, but this still represents a very small fraction of the total prescriptions.

Effects of Nandrolone Phenylpropionate
Through a thorough understanding of the functions and traits of Nandrolone Phenylpropionate we already have a good understanding of the positive effects of this steroid. However, to put it in terms that a performance athlete can appreciate we can be a little more specific.

For the off-season athlete, a bulking cycle, Nandrolone Phenylpropionate is one of the best steroids he can choose to enhance muscularity and size. This is one of the best mass builders available and for many bodybuilders is used in every bulking plan. Despite being a faster acting Nandrolone form growth will not occur rapidly, but it will be steady, even and significant. This is assuming you are eating enough to grow. In order to grow you must consume more calories than you burn. No steroid in the world can change this truth. But you will get more out of your growth with a steroid like Nandrolone Phenylpropionate if you are doing things properly. You should also notice you stay leaner in your off-season due to the significant metabolic effects of the hormone. And when it comes to recovery from strenuous training very few things will beat Nandrolone Phenylpropionate.

Nandrolone Phenylpropionate can also be used for cutting cycles, although it’s not commonly thought of as a cutting steroid. This steroid will significantly protect lean muscle mass better than many steroids. When we diet we must burn more calories than we consume. This is the only way body fat can be lost. Unfortunately, this puts lean muscle tissue at risk. When we diet some lean tissue will be lost, but successful dieting limits this loss, and Nandrolone can provide this protective measure. And once again the recovery benefits will be tremendous, especially when recovery can already be incredibly difficult when dieting due to the caloric deficit.

The final benefits for performance surround the athlete. Many athletes use low doses of Nandrolone Phenylpropionate for the recovery and joint relief benefits. These are not masking benefits like painkillers provide but true relief. Some may also find strength increases to a degree, although this isn’t a steroid well known for tremendous strength increasing properties. Regardless, this is one of the more common steroids used by athletes.

Side Effects of Nandrolone Phenylpropionate
There are several possible side effects of Nandrolone Phenylpropionate use, but it is also one of the more side effect friendly. The key to managing and avoiding side effects is understanding how they occur and proper use of the hormone. For most men serious side effects should be completely avoidable. In order to understand the side effects of Nandrolone Phenylpropionate we have broken them down into their individual categories.

[1] Estrogenic:
Estrogenic side effects of Nandrolone Phenylpropionate are possible. Estrogenic side effects of Nandrolone Phenylpropionate include gynecomastia, water retention and high blood pressure caused by severe water retention. These side effects can be avoided by the use of an Aromatase Inhibitor (AI) such as Anastrozole (Arimidex).

The reason for estrogenic side effects is due to the Nandrolone hormone aromatizing. Aromatization refers to the conversion of testosterone to estrogen. However, the rate of aromatization with this hormone isn’t high, but high enough to cause issues in some men. It is also a progestin, and progesterone can activate the mammary tissue and promote gynecomastia in very sensitive men. Estrogenic or progesterone based, AI’s will provide the needed protection.

[2] Androgenic:
There are possible androgenic side effects of Nandrolone Phenylpropionate, but they are not extremely likely in men. Hair loss in men predisposed to male pattern baldness is possible as is acne in sensitive men. However, when it comes to such effects this is one of the most well tolerated steroids of all. Genetic predispositions will play the largest role.

Important Note: The use of a 5-alpha reductase inhibitor will not reduce the androgenicity of Nandrolone; in fact, it will increase it and should be avoided.

Although not extremely androgenic the Nandrolone hormone can promote virilization symptoms in women. Virilization symptoms may include body hair growth, a deepening of the vocal chords and clitoral enlargement. Some women can use low doses without issue, but if symptoms occur use should be discontinued immediately. If discontinued at the onset of symptoms they will fade away. If symptoms are ignored and use continues they may become irreversible.

[3] Cardiovascular:
Nandrolone Phenylpropionate can have a negative impact on HDL cholesterol (good cholesterol) and it can be somewhat more significant than testosterone. This negative effect may be exasperated by the use of an AI.

It is more than possible to use Nandrolone Phenylpropionate without cholesterol issues or cardiovascular incident, but a healthy lifestyle is imperative. Regular cardiovascular activity is important as is a cholesterol friendly lifestyle.

[4] Testosterone:
The use of Nandrolone Phenylpropionate will suppress natural testosterone production. As with all Nandrolone compounds, one injection will suppress nearly if not all your natural testosterone production. Your genetics will not prevent this and it is something that’s completely unavoidable with use. Because of this fact, it is imperative that all men who use this steroid do so in conjunction with some form of exogenous testosterone. This will prevent the individual from falling into a low testosteronecondition, which comes with a host of very undesirable symptoms.

Once the use of Nandrolone Phenylpropionate has been discontinued and all anabolic steroids have cleared the body, natural testosterone production will begin again. However, it will not occur overnight and will come slowly. Post Cycle Therapy (PCT) is recommended. This will help stimulate the production of natural testosterone and increase the odds of a successful recovery. PCT will not complete recovery, it will still take several months post PCT, but it will give you a better start.

Important Note: Natural recovery assumes no damage was done to the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Testicular-Axis (HPTA) during use and that no prior low testosterone condition existed.

[5] Hepatotoxicity:
Nandrolone Phenylpropionate is not toxic to the liver.

Nandrolone Phenylpropionate Administration
In a medical setting standard male Nandrolone Phenylpropionate doses will normally fall in the 50-100mg per week range. For female use, although not commonly prescribed if prescribed it will normally be the 50mg per week range. In almost all medical settings the Decanoate version is what will be prescribed.

For the athlete or bodybuilder doses can vary greatly. 100mg per week will provide significant therapeutic advantage with 200mg per week being more common as this will ensure significantly improved recovery. In most performance circles 300-400mg per week will be the common dosing range, and this is a perfect range for building or preserving muscle tissue. Some will use more, but this will increase the risk of side effects.

Regardless of the dose use the total dose is normally split into three equal injections per week or planned out on an every other day basis for optimal results. 8-12 weeks is the normal period of use for most athletes. The exception is female athletes who may use the steroid for 4-6 weeks and normally at a dose no more than 50mg per week if virilization is to be avoided.

Winstrol is one of the most popular and well-known anabolic steroids on earth. Developed by Winthrop Laboratories in the late 1950’s, this is an anabolic steroid that has gotten a lot of media attention over the years. In fact, those who have never used anabolic steroids, if they can name a steroid it’s usually Winstrol or Stanozolol. The name Winstrol is actually the most commonly associated brand name of the Stanozolol hormone. This is an anabolic steroid that has garnered worldwide attention due to numerous athletic scandals over the years. When various athletes have been caught using anabolic steroids, Winstrol has been at the forefront of the scandal countless times. In fact, it is associated with the most important athletic steroid scandal in history.
In 1988, Canadian sprinter Ben Johnson tested positive for the steroid after taking the gold at that year’s Summer Olympics. Not only did Johnson destroy his competition, he handedly defeated the highly favored Carl Lewis with relative ease. This would lead to Stanozolol making countless news headlines for a very long time and more importantly truly usher in the U.S. government’s war on steroids. The Johnson scenario is not the largest athletic based steroid scandal to ever occur, which would probably belong to the decades long East German doping machine; however, the Johnson scandal would have the largest impact. When Ben Johnson destroyed the U.S. golden boy, many point to this as being the final nail in the coffin that the U.S. congress needed to justify classifying anabolic steroids as Schedule III controlled substances.

While one of the more well-known anabolic steroids, Winstrol is very popular among most in the steroid using population. It is in many ways a fairly mild anabolic steroid that can be safely used by men and women. Equally important, it has proven highly effective for numerous performance enhancement endeavors. It is a long standing favorite among competitive bodybuilders and physique based athletes during cutting or contest prep phases. It is also a top steroid of choice for numerous performance athletes due to its ability to promote strength and endurance without unwanted mass.

Beyond performance enhancement, Winstrol has had a lot of success in modern medicine. It has been successfully used to combat lean tissue wasting and has had a lot of success in preserving bone mass in cases of osteoporosis. Winstrol has also been used to combat prolonged exposure to corticosteroid treatment, given to burn victims and even used to aid in the healing of severe bone fractures. The steroid has also enjoyed a little success in treating obesity when hormonal assistance is needed, as well as treating delayed growth in some children. As the years have passed, Winstrol has remained available for treatment for most of these conditions as well as being proven highly successful in treating angioedema among a few other treatment plans such as specific forms of breast cancer. The steroid has never lost FDA approval and unlike many anabolic steroids has maintained approval for numerous therapeutic treatment plans.

Winstrol Functions & Traits:
Stanozolol is a dihydrotestosterone (DHT) derived anabolic androgenic steroid, or more specifically a structurally altered form. Stanozolol is the DHT hormone with two structural changes that give us the Winstrol compound. The first alteration is the introduction of an attached pyrazol group at the A-ring of the hormone replacing the 3-keto group. This modification officially classifies Stanozolol as a heterocyclic steroid. The hormone also carries an added methyl group in order to protect hormone after administration. This structural change takes place at the 17th carbon position officially classifying Stanozolol as a C17-alpha alkylated (C17-aa) anabolic steroid.

Due the combination of structural changes, this reduces the hormone’s androgenicity significantly and greatly increases its anabolic power. Officially Winstrol carries an anabolic rating of 320 and an androgenic rating of 20. More importantly, its ratings translate perfectly in real life effects giving us an extremely beneficial anabolic steroid.

Winstrol carries many positive steroidal traits, one of which is its ability to lower Sex-Hormone-Binding-Globulin (SHBG) significantly. This allows for more of the steroids being supplied to rest in an unbound state, as well as provides an increase in free testosterone. While many anabolic steroids lower SHBG Winstrol appears to have a much stronger affinity than most. In fact, studies have demonstrated nearly 50% reductions in SHBG in mere days of use and even at relatively low doses.

Beyond a reduction in SHBG, which is one of its primary traits, Winstrol will enhance protein synthesis and greatly increase nitrogen retention in the muscles. The steroid will also do a fairly decent job at increasing red blood cell count and inhibiting glucocorticoid hormones but not to the degree of many other steroids. In many ways, we have a mild yet evenly possession of some basic steroidal traits coupled with the dramatic SHBG reduction that gives us a controllable and unique compound. This really is one of the easiest anabolic steroids to understand.

When looking at the direct functions and traits of Winstrol there is one more issue we need to discuss. The Stanozolol hormone is both an injectable an oral anabolic steroid. Both forms are comprised of the same identical Stanozolol hormone. 1mg of one form is the same as 1mg of the other form. Some studies have suggested oral Winstrol may reduce SHBG a little more than its injectable counterpart, while others have said injectable forms may be slightly more potent on an overall milligram for milligram basis. However, overall these appear to be rather insignificant differences regardless of the direction they go. In fact, the individual should be able to receive the same identical benefits with either form.

Another important note often misunderstood about Winstrol forms is the C17-aa nature. Both oral and injectable Stanozolol are C17-aa anabolic steroids. Most oral steroids are C17-aa and while injectable steroids rarely are injectable Stanozolol is one of the exceptions. The injectable form is also commonly referred to as Winstrol Depot.

Effects of Winstrol:
Although used to stave off lean tissue wasting, Winstrol is not what we’d call a bulking steroid. You will rarely find this steroid in an off-season mass gaining stack. However, it could be used in an effort to enhance the activity of the other steroids being used due to the strong SHBG reduction it will provide but this is generally not recommended. When we dive into the side effects of Winstrol, we will find it is very hepatotoxic and use should be limited to when it’s most valuable. For the male athlete, this will not be during the bulking phase.

When it comes to off-season bulking, we could make more of an exception with female use. Females are far more sensitive to the steroid and short burst plans could be very beneficial during this phase. But again, there are probably better options.

The effects of Winstrol are undoubtedly most beneficial to direct performance enhancement of an athletic nature. We’re talking about functional competitive athletes, not bodybuilders or physique athletes. This steroid has the ability to greatly increase strength and this can translate into both power and speed. Further, it will accomplish this without adding a lot of additional weight that could hinder some depending on the sport, as well as cause unwanted attention from prying eyes. There have been those who have said Winstrol isn’t good for competitive athletes, especially those athletes in explosive sports due to potential weakening of the tendons but this is more or less message board anecdotal hysteria that supports this claim. In fact, many studies have shown it can have a positive impact on strengthening tendons and we already know it’s good for the bones. If not, it wouldn’t be used to treat osteoporosis.

There are also some who complain of joint pain when using Winstrol. As a steroid that does not aromatize there will be no water retention but the “dry feeling” may not be what many think it is. Most who use the steroid will be physique athletes or gym rats during a cutting phase. They will also typically add it into a plan late in the diet once they’re already lean. Typically, when you become very lean, bodybuilding lean, this makes the joints a little uncomfortable. With or without Winstrol this discomfort could potentially exist. As for pro athletes who have nearly every last steroid at their disposal, remember, if Winstrol weren’t effective in competitive sports so many athletes wouldn’t make it a primary and favorite choice. In fact, the combo of Winstrol with low doses of Nandrolone is a very common stack among many athletes, and this stack will greatly eliminate any potential joint discomfort should it exist.

Beyond athletics, the gym rat or bodybuilding effects of Winstrol will be best displayed once you’re already somewhat lean. The steroid will help produce a dryer, harder look but only if you’re relatively lean. It will also aid in lean tissue preservation but not to a very strong degree that’s often needed in such a phase. It’s typically recommended that Winstrol only be used in this capacity as a secondary steroid, not a base or foundational steroid.

Both men and women can greatly benefit from Winstrol during the cutting phase. While it won’t be the best lean tissue preserver, many report maintaining more of their strength that is often lost when dieting when Winstrol is in play. Vascularity should also become more pronounced and overall the individual should enjoy an overall enhancement in definition.

Side Effects of Winstrol:
The side effects of Winstrol most certainly exist, but they largely fall into the category of possible rather than guaranteed. The side effects of Winstrol can be controlled but it will take some effort on your part. There is also always the issue of individual response. We all respond to different things differently. This not only holds true with various anabolic steroids but all things we put into our body. Most of use can take Aspirin, but there are others who will experience horrible side effects if they touch the first pill. Most of us can tolerate dairy products, but there are others who become very sick if they even look at a glass of milk. Individual response dictates quite a lot. With that in mind, in order to help you understand the possible side effects of Winstrol we have broken them down into their separate categories along with all you’ll need to know.

[1] Estrogenic:
Winstrol is not estrogenic. This anabolic steroid does not aromatize at all making estrogenic side effects of Winstrol use an impossibility. This steroid cannot cause gynecomastia or excess water retention. Water retention is normally the primary cause of steroid related high blood pressure. High blood pressure is still possible but the odds are highly in your favor when healthy lifestyle choices are made. This also assumes no underlying issues exist.

[2] Androgenic:
Androgenic side effects of Winstrol are possible. However, while possible this steroid does not produce a lot of androgenic activity. Acne and accelerated hair loss in those predisposed to male pattern baldness are all possible. While possible, they are strongly linked to genetic predispositions. If you are not predisposed to male pattern baldness you will not lose any hair. Acne is similar as those who are genetically sensitive to acne will be the first to have a problem. Keeping your skin clean and dry at all times will offer a lot of protection.

In order to combat androgenic side effects of any anabolic steroid, many often turn to 5-alpha reductase inhibitors like Finasteride. However, this will not work with all steroids and it will not work with Winstrol at all. Such inhibitors work by inhibiting the reduction of testosterone to DHT, which occurs due to the testosterone hormone being metabolized by the 5-alpha reductase enzyme. The 5-alpha reductase enzyme does not metabolize the Stanozolol hormone; after all, it’s already DHT.

The androgenic side effects of Winstrol can also include virilization in women. Virilization symptoms include body hair growth, a deepening of the vocal chords and clitoral enlargement. Many women can supplement with the Stanozolol hormone without such effects occurring but they will need to keep the dose rather low. If the dose is kept low, due to the low androgenicity of the hormone many women will avoid virilization. However, the issue of individual response always comes into play. If for any reason virilization symptoms begin to show, if use is discontinued at their onset they will fade away rapidly. If the symptoms are ignored and use continues, the symptoms may very well become irreversible.

[3] Cardiovascular:
Of all the potential side effects of Winstrol those surrounding cardiovascular strain, particularly cholesterol carry the greatest probability. The Stanozolol hormone is well known for reducing HDL cholesterol (good cholesterol) and increasing LDL cholesterol (bad cholesterol).

Oral C17-aa anabolic steroids are all well known for having a much stronger, negative effect on cholesterol management and oral Winstrol is no different. As for injectable Winstrol Depot, it can potentially have the same effect as it too is a C17-aa anabolic steroid. Regardless of the form of Winstrol you choose, the issue of cholesterol will be a concern.

Although Winstrol can be very harsh on cholesterol, it is possible to supplement without any significant strain but it will take some effort on your part. If you already suffer from high cholesterol you should not touch this steroid. If you are healthy enough for use, it will be imperative that you keep an eye on your cholesterol. In order to promote healthy levels it is also recommended that your diet be rich in omega fatty acids. Supplementing daily with fish oils is recommended, as is limiting saturated fats and simple sugars. You may also want to consider a cholesterol antioxidant formula and always ensure you perform plenty of cardiovascular training in your routine.

[4] Testosterone:
Winstrol is significantly suppressive to natural testosterone production. It will not completely suppress production but it will put the individual into a low testosterone state if exogenous testosterone is not applied. All men who supplement with the Stanozolol hormone can easily avoid a low testosterone condition if they simultaneously supplement with some form of exogenous testosterone. Women will not need exogenous testosterone therapy.

Once all steroid use comes to an end, natural testosterone production will begin again on its own. However, it will take quite some time for your levels to return to normal. For this reason, most men are encouraged to implement a Post Cycle Therapy (PCT) plan post anabolic steroid use. A PCT plan will stimulate natural production and enable your levels to climb up faster than they would otherwise. It will not bring your levels back to normal on its own, there is no PCT plan on earth that can do this. However, it will ensure you have enough testosterone for proper bodily function while your levels continue to naturally rise.

Important notes on natural testosterone recovery; natural recovery assumes no prior low testosterone condition existed. It also assumes the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Testicular-Axis (HPTA) was not severely damaged due to improper supplementation practices.

[5] Hepatotoxic:
Winstrol is a hepatotoxic anabolic steroid as are all C17-aa anabolic steroids. However, the stress a C17-aa steroid can cause the liver will vary greatly depending on the C17-aa steroid in question. Winstrol is far more hepatotoxic than Anavar (Oxandrolone) on a per milligram basis, but it appears to be less hepatotoxic on a per milligram basis than steroids like Dianabol(Methandrostenolone).

When using this steroid liver enzyme values will go up. Low doses do not appear to produce a lot of strain, but keep in mind as the dose goes up more strain exist. It’s also important to remember elevated enzyme levels does not equate to damage but is rather an indicator of stress. However, damage can occur and it will take proper action and proper steps to avoid any damage. If your liver is not healthy, for no reason should you use this steroid.

If you are healthy enough for use, total use should be limited to 6-8 weeks and no other C17-aa steroids should be used for at least 6-8 weeks after discontinuing use. An even longer gap between periods of use would be better. During use, it is also important that you avoid all excess alcohol consumption. Excess consumption alone is very stressful to the liver and when combined with a C17-aa steroid it only enhances the stress. Many will find avoiding all alcohol to be best as alcohol is one of the most anti-performance substances we can put into our body. Beyond alcohol, avoiding all over the counter medications where possible is advised. Many over the counter medications are very stressful to the liver. In fact, some are more hepatotoxic than many anabolic steroids. Use of over the counter medications should be limited to when only absolutely necessary. It is also recommended that you supplement with a liver detoxification supplement during the use of Winstrol or any C17-aa steroid. If you follow these rules, while enzyme values will increase, if there is no underlying issue values should return to normal shortly after use is discontinued and no damage will be done.

Final note on hepatotoxicity, both oral and injectable Winstrol are hepatotoxic. If you want to avoid all liver stress you should avoid all C17-aa steroids regardless of them being oral or injectable.

Winstrol Administration:
In a therapeutic setting, standard male oral Winstrol doses normally fall in the 2mg range around three times per day. Females are normally given 4mg per day or two 2mg doses and if virilization symptoms do not occur it is often increased to 6mg per day. When injectable Winstrol is prescribed, it is normally given at a dose of 50mg every 2-3 weeks for both male and female patients.
In performance circles, standard male Winstrol doses will normally fall in the 25-50mg range. 25mg per day of oral Winstrol or 50mg every other day of injectable Winstrol is very commonplace. Such doses are enough to produce solid results in any man and should be very controllable in terms of side effects. For those who are more bodybuilding minded, 50mg per day of either form is very common with some taking the dose as high as 100mg per day. These high end doses are normally not recommended outside of competitive bodybuilding circles, there’s no need for them. However, if truly lean, contest lean a 7-10 day run at a high end dose leading up to the show could produce some nice finishing touches. However, due to the hepatotoxic nature and potential cholesterol issues, high end doses should for no reason last more than 7-10 days. Total use should fall in the 6-8 week range.

For the female performance athlete, oral Winstrol is normally the way to go as they will be using low doses. 5mg per day is normally all any women will need, but some women may be able to tolerate 10mg per day. You should not attempt 10mg per day unless you have successfully used 5mg prior in another cycle, even then most will find 5mg per day is enough. If injectable Winstrol is used, 20mg every 4 days is plenty but you will find oral forms are truly the way to go in this case. It will simply be more controllable. As for total use, use should fall within the 4-6 week range.

Testosterone Enanthate is one of the oldest and perhaps the most commonly used anabolic steroid of all time. Testosterone Enanthate is a slow acting release form of the testosterone hormone and would be the first large/long ester testosterone form used. Synthetic testosterone itself would be developed in the 1930’s. The first batches of testosterone manufactured would have no ester attached (Testosterone Suspension) and needless to say would be fast acting and require very frequent injections. In 1937 the first ester controlled testosterone would hit the market thanks to Schering and their new Testosterone Propionateproduct. This would allow for more control over the testosterone hormone by regulating its time release. However, in the early 1950’s a larger ester in Enanthate would be attached to the hormone thereby slowing down the hormone’s activity even more. Testosterone Enanthate would become the dominating testosterone form in the medical field and Testosterone Cypionate would join a few years later. The difference in Testosterone Enanthate and Testosterone Cypionate is largely inconsequential.

Testosterone Enanthate is one of the most commonly used testosterones for the treatment of low testosterone. It is also extremely popular in performance enhancing circles. This is one of the most affordable anabolic steroidson the market, it’s highly versatile, tolerated well by most all adult men and its supply is through the roof.

Testosterone Enanthate is an anabolic steroid that is perfect for all levels of use. This is the perfect anabolic steroid for the first time steroid user and will be equally effective for the individual with a lot of time in the saddle. It will carry with it possible side effects but we will also find they are very easy to control. If this is surprising it really shouldn’t be. After all, although synthetic it’s simply testosterone, a hormone the human body is not only well-accustomed to but one that is essential to our health and wellbeing.

Testosterone Enanthate Functions & Traits:
Testosterone Enanthate is a single large ester base testosterone compound. This is a pure synthetic testosterone hormone that has a carboxylic acid ester attached in Enanthate (enanthoic acid). The ester itself is attached to the hormone at the 17-beta hydroxyl group. By attaching the Enanthate ester, this allows for a control of the hormones active duration and total release time. Once injected, the testosterone does not become active until the ester begins to detach from the hormone. The total detachment does not happen all at once but allows for a slow, steady release of the active hormone into the body. Once injected, there will be a sharp spike in testosterone within the first 24-48 hours post injection. From here the hormone will continually separate and dissipate through the body. By its time frame, Testosterone Enanthate carries a half-life of approximately 8 days, which will allow for as little as one injection every 2 weeks in a therapeutic setting. However, every 7-10 days will prove far more effective in maintaining stability.

As is with all testosterone hormones, Testosterone Enanthate carries an anabolic rating of 100 and an androgenic rating of 100. The testosterone hormone is the basis by-which all ratings of all anabolic steroids are measured. And unlike the ratings of some steroids, testosterone’s translate perfectly from its structural nature to functional basis. This hormone will present high levels of anabolic and androgenic activity.

On a functional basis, Testosterone Enanthate is the perfect remedy for treating low testosterone. If you suffer from low testosterone, this simply means your body is no longer producing enough of this primary androgen on its own. As Testosterone Enanthate is simply that, testosterone, it will remedy the low level condition. Millions upon millions of men worldwide suffer from some type of low level androgen deficiency. In the U.S. alone it is estimated that more than 20 million men suffer from an androgen deficiency. Women can also suffer from low testosterone and Testosterone Enanthate can treat it. However, most women will be better served with alternative forms of testosterone treatment such as gels that contain a mixture of testosterone and progesterone or small testosterone implant pellets like Testopel.

For the man who suffers from low testosterone, there are numerous symptoms that can occur. This condition can negatively affect your physical, mental and sexual wellbeing in a host of ways. The symptoms themselves are not life threatening; however, it is an unhealthy condition, very bothersome and can be an open doorway to many far more serious conditions. The symptoms of low testosterone include:

Loss of Libido (can refer to partial or total loss)
Erectile Dysfunction (inability to maintain or obtain and erection)
Loss of Muscle Mass (despite diet & exercise)
Loss of Strength (despite diet & exercise)
Increased Body Fat (despite diet & exercise)
Loss of Mental Clarity
Decreased Ability to Focus
Lethargy
Insomnia
Irritability
Decreased Energy
Depression
Weakened Immune System
If you suffer from low levels you may not suffer from all the symptoms. Most commonly you will suffer from one of the sexually related from the get go but this isn’t necessarily a guarantee. As time goes by, if ignored the condition will lead to you experiencing more symptoms. In fact, it’s very possible that you could end up suffering from every last symptom on the list. There truly is no reason for suffering from low testosterone, especially when treatment with compounds like Testosterone Enanthate is so effective and simple to administer. It’s also important to keep in mind if the condition is ignored low testosterone has been linked to contributing to many far more serious conditions such as:

Alzheimer’s Disease
Diabetes
Osteoporosis
Infertility
Polyuria
Anxiety
Heart Disease
If you suffer from any of the aforementioned symptoms of low testosterone, you are strongly encouraged to seek out treatment. Talk to your doctor about the condition and seek out treatment with compounds like Testosterone Enanthate. If your doctor is unwilling, go to another doctor. You will find many physicians are increasingly becoming more educated on the topic, but there are still those who refuse to give the matter the attention it deserves.

For the performance enhancing athlete, Testosterone Enanthate will benefit them the same as it did the low testosterone patient. They will find their physical, mental and sexual wellbeing to be greatly improved. However, for this individual he will be taking his testosterone levels far beyond baseline. He will be taking his levels above and beyond what could ever be naturally produced. As a result, there are five important traits of testosterone that will be greatly enhanced and are imperative to performance enhancement success. We will go into how the hormone can be beneficial due to these traits in most all cycles, but we need to begin with what makes these traits important.

[1] Enhanced Protein Synthesis:
Protein represents the primary building block of muscle tissue, where synthesis represents the rate by-which cells build proteins. By supplementing with Testosterone Enanthate, the rate of synthesis is enhanced. This promotes higher levels of anabolic activity and enhances the body’s ability to recover.

[2] Enhanced Nitrogen Retention:
By enhancing nitrogen retention, we protect the anabolic atmosphere and to a degree enhance it even more. All lean muscle tissue is comprised of approximately 16% nitrogen and when levels fall this leads to a catabolic (muscle wasting) state. By maintaining a positive nitrogen balance, we remain more anabolic. This will enhance tissue growth abilities and will be imperative when dieting when it comes to protecting lean muscle tissue.

[3] Increased Red Blood Cell Count:
By increasing our red blood cell count we greatly increase our muscular endurance. This is due to red blood cells being responsible for carrying oxygen to and through the blood. Greater blood oxygenation equates greater output, more endurance and even plays a role on recovery.

[4] Increased IGF-1 Output:
Insulin-Like Growth Factor-1 (IGF-1) is a naturally produced protein hormone (peptide class) that is primarily produced by the liver. This hormone is highly anabolic and affects nearly every cell in the human body. It is also directly tied to Human Growth Hormone (HGH) as HGH largely regulates its production. The hormone also plays a strong role on the body’s ability to heal and recover affecting muscle tissue, cartilage, nerves, tendons, ligaments and even our central nervous system among many other areas.

[5] Inhibition of Glucocorticoids:
Glucocorticoid hormones are naturally produced steroidal hormones; however, they are not anabolic. In fact, glucocorticoid hormones are catabolic (muscle wasting) as they destroy muscle tissue and promote fat gain. Cortisol is the most well-known glucocorticoid hormone or as they’re often known stress hormones. These hormones are necessary to a degree in the body but not in large amounts. By inhibiting these hormones, we again promote a stronger anabolic atmosphere.

When we take our testosterone levels to a high level state, the above traits of the testosterone hormone are enhanced. There is more hormone available to do what the hormone does best. This may all sound very simple but that’s only because it is very simple. Anabolic steroids like Testosterone Enanthate are nowhere nearly as complicated as they’re often made out to be. They are simply synthetic hormones based on the very hormones our body already produces.

Effects of Testosterone Enanthate:
If you suffer from low testosterone the effects of Testosterone Enanthate simply mean you will suffer from low testosterone no longer. The symptoms associated with the condition will vanish and each one of those areas of your life will be improved. If you suffer from low testosterone, you should also know that the only thing that will fully remedy the condition is direct testosterone therapy through hormones like Testosterone Enanthate.

For the performance enhancing athlete, the effects of Testosterone Enanthate will be highly versatile and will stretch across all aspects of performance. The direction you go will be dependent on your diet and training. This isn’t a bulking steroid or a cutting steroid; it is simply a steroid that can serve all purposes of supplementation.

For the off-season individual, there are very few anabolic steroids that can promote lean tissue growth like Testosterone Enanthate. The individual will be able to pack on raw size at a significant rate so as long as adequate calories are consumed. You must still eat to grow and you will still need to train. This is not a magical supplement nor is there anything magical about anabolic steroids despite the popular perception. As you will be able to pack on a lot of size, as a bonus you will be able to do so with less body fat accumulation that would otherwise occur. High levels of testosterone will enhance the individual’s overall metabolic rate tremendously. This isn’t a license to eat with no end in sight, you can still gain fat but you should be able to make better use of your calories.

Then we have the cutting cycle and high levels of testosterone provided by Testosterone Enanthate can prove to be invaluable. In order to lose body fat we must burn more calories than we consume. You can eat the healthiest food on earth and exercise four hours a day, but if you’re consuming more than you burn you will not lose any fat. Due to the necessary caloric restriction, this can put our lean muscle mass at risk. The body will take what it needs to meet its energy demands from anywhere it can get it and this can include muscle tissue. A well planned diet will be designed to burn body fat not muscle, but as we become leaner the body will begin preserving the body fat due to its survival instinct and take what it needs from muscle tissue. By supplementing with Testosterone Enanthate, the pronounced enhancement of anabolic action will protect this lean tissue and ensure we only burn body fat. It will also see our metabolism greatly enhanced so that we burn body fat at a more efficient rate.

The final effects of Testosterone Enanthate will be enjoyed by all those who use the steroid regardless of their direct purpose of use. High testosterone levels will result in greater muscular endurance. You will not tire out as fast and will have the ability to do more work. You will also find your overall rate of recovery is greatly improved, which is essential to progress. Progress is not made in the gym. When we train we actually tear down muscle tissue. It is through recovery that we progress. This makes compounds like Testosterone Enanthate not only invaluable to bodybuilders and recreational gym rats but to athletes as well. Endurance and recovery are two of the key elements to successful athletic performance. As an added bonus, high testosterone levels will increase the individual’s strength. This is obviously an advantage to an athlete and is very welcomed in an off-season cycle designed for physique enhancement. During a diet under caloric restriction, especially in harsh diets of a competitive bodybuilding nature, the individual shouldn’t expect much if any strength increase but he should be able to maintain more of it.

Side Effects of Testosterone Enanthate:
There are possible side effects of Testosterone Enanthate use, but we will find they are extremely easy to avoid for the healthy adult male. When we refer to the healthy adult male we are excluding the issue of low testosterone. For the low level patient, the probability of side effects will be extremely low. In such a case, the individual is merely replacing what he’s lacking and nothing more. For the performance athlete, the side effects of Testosterone Enanthate will carry a greater probability, but should still be very controllable. Most men can tolerate high levels of testosterone very well. However, as with many things in life individual response and sensitivity issues will play a role. This is not unique to Testosterone Enanthate but holds true with all things we put in our body. In order to understand the possible side effects of Testosterone Enanthate, we have broken them down into their separate categories along with all the information you’ll need.

[1] Estrogenic:
Testosterone Enanthate is an estrogenic hormone in that the testosterone hormone can convert to estrogen due to its interaction with the aromatase enzyme. When aromatized, as estrogen levels rise this can lead to gynecomastia and excess water retention. Excess water retention, if severe can also promote high blood pressure. The odds of these side effects of Testosterone Enanthate being problematic for the low level patient are low, but it is possible. The odds will increase with supraphysiological doses.

In order to combat the estrogenic side effects of Testosterone Enanthate, the use of an anti-estrogen medication is often recommended. You have two choices in classes of anti-estrogens, Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators (SERM’s) or Aromatase Inhibitors (AI’s). A SERM like Nolvadex (Tamoxifen Citrate) will function by binding to the estrogen receptors, which in turn prevents the estrogen hormone from binding. AI’s like Arimidex (Anastrozole) will function by directly inhibiting the aromatase process and lowering the body’s serum estrogen levels. AI’s are without question the most effective means in combating the estrogenic side effects of Testosterone Enanthate. Unfortunately, they can also prove problematic when it comes to cholesterol. Testosterone can also prove problematic to cholesterol to a degree, often only slightly and the effect of an AI alone is slight. However, combined together, exogenous testosterone and an AI it appears this can have a markedly negative effect. It is controllable but is something you need to be aware of. Conversely, SERM’s will not have a negative effect on cholesterol. In fact, SERM’s, while anti-estrogens will actually have a positive effect on cholesterol as they act as estrogen in the liver. SERM’s should always be your first choice if they can get the job done, but many, especially when supraphysiological doses of testosterone are used will need an AI.

[2] Androgenic:
The androgenic side effects of Testosterone Enanthate can be fairly strong but are highly dependent on genetic predispositions. The androgenic effects include acne, accelerated hair loss in those predisposed to male pattern baldness and body hair growth. Those who are not predisposed to male pattern baldness will not lose the first hair on their head. Those who are generally not sensitive to acne will rarely have a problem.

The androgenic side effects of Testosterone Enanthate are due to the testosterone hormone’s ability to reduce to dihydrotestosterone (DHT) due to the hormone being metabolized by the 5-alpha reductase enzyme. Some men may find the use of a 5-alpha reductase inhibitor like Finasteride to be useful. This will reduce the hormone’s androgenicity. It will not completely reduce the total androgenicity but it will have a strong effect.

[3] Cardiovascular:
The use of exogenous testosterone can have a negative effect on cholesterol, particularly in the suppression or reduction of HDL cholesterol (good cholesterol). Low doses of Testosterone Enanthate have been shown to have very little negative effect on HDL cholesterol, but when conjoined with an AI doses of 200-300mg per week have been shown to suppress HDL cholesterol by 20-25%. Higher doses of Testosterone Enanthate, 300-600mg per week without an AI have been shown to reduce HDL cholesterol by 13-21%. With an added AI, this will markedly increase.

Due to the potential adverse effects on cholesterol, those who supplement with Testosterone Enanthate should ensure they are living a cholesterol friendly lifestyle. Those who live a cholesterol friendly lifestyle should not have a problem so as long as no underlying issues exists. A healthy lifestyle should include a cholesterol friendly diet that is rich in omega fatty acids. Daily fish oil supplementation is recommended. The individual’s diet should also be low in saturated fats and simple sugars and he should incorporate plenty of cardiovascular activity into his routine.

[4] Testosterone:
The use of Testosterone Enanthate will suppress natural testosterone production. For the low testosterone patient this is not a concern. Such an individual is no longer producing enough testosterone to begin with. For the performance athlete, while on cycle this is also of no concern as the exogenous testosterone being administered will provide your body with all it needs. Once the use of all anabolic steroids comes to an end natural testosterone production will begin again. However, you will not return to normal overnight, this will take some time.

Once use has come to an end, most men are encouraged to implement a Post Cycle Therapy (PCT) plan. A quality and effective PCT plan will include SERM’s like Nolvadex (Tamoxifen Citrate) and Clomid (Clomiphene Citrate) and the peptide hormone HCG(Human Chorionic Gonadotropin). Without a PCT plan, while you may very well recover it will take an enormous amount of time. You will also be putting your hard earned muscle tissue at great risk as a prolonged low testosterone state is the perfect atmosphere for cortisol to become a dominant hormone. By incorporating a PCT plan, while it will not return you to normal on its own it will speed up the process. A solid PCT plan will ensure you have enough testosterone for proper bodily function while your levels continue to naturally rise.

An important note on natural testosterone recovery; natural recovery assumes no prior low testosterone condition existed. It also assumes the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Testicular-Axis (HPTA) was not severely damaged due to improper anabolic steroid use.

[5] Hepatotoxicity:
Testosterone Enanthate is not toxic to the liver. This steroid will present no stress or damage to the vital organ.

Testosterone Enanthate Administration:
To treat low testosterone, standard Testosterone Enanthate doses will fall in the 100-200mg every 7-10 day range most commonly. However, some physicians will split the total dosing up and administer it every five days. Less common in the U.S. some physicians will prescribe doses of 200-400mg every 2-3 weeks and in some cases every 4 weeks. This is very inefficient but a practice some follow. The total duration of treatment will be indefinite. Most men who need low testosterone treatment will need it for life. This may sound annoying but ask yourself an important question; would you rather suffer from low testosterone or treat it?

In a performance enhancement setting, common Testosterone Enanthate doses will fall in the 200-500mg per week range. 200-250mg per week is very common if the hormone is only being used to combat natural testosterone suppression caused by the use of other anabolic steroids. For a true anabolic effect, most men will find 400-500mg per week to be highly effective and very easy to control. Such doses will normally be split into two equal doses per week for a total weekly dosing. Doses can go higher than 500mg per week; however, many men will find the 500mg range to be all they need. If more is desired, many men will find 600-1,000mg per week can be tolerated and controlled but doses that approach the 1,000mg mark will greatly increase the probability of adverse effects. How much testosterone a man can tolerate and control will vary from one man to the next. However, most men will find doses above 1,000mg per week all but guarantee side effects at some level.

Regardless of your purpose of use, Testosterone Enanthate stacks well with all anabolic steroids. There is, however, no reason to stack it with another testosterone. This would be pointless in most cases. Simply choose other steroids that meet the desired purpose of use most efficiently.

Anavar represents one of the most popular oral anabolic steroids of all time, and this is largely due to its well-tolerated nature. This is one of the few anabolic steroids that can be used safely by men and women, and it’s also one of the most side effect friendly. However, in some circles Anavar is greatly underappreciated due to its mild nature, but this is generally due to unrealistic expectations. Many tend to assume all anabolic steroids should yield a set of specific effects at a specific rate of power, but reality tells us varying steroids carry varying results and purposes. Anavar is without question an extremely beneficial anabolic steroid, but in order to appreciate its benefits we must understand it.

Anavar is the popular brand name associated with the dihydrotestosterone derived anabolic steroidOxandrolone. The Oxandrolone hormone was first released in the early 1960’s under the trade name Anavar by G.D Searle & co. and was touted as carrying numerous therapeutic qualities. However, in 1989 Searle would discontinue the compound; this was largely due to FDA pressure that had tightened its grip on the anabolic steroid market. An important note; Searle also owned the licensing rights to the majority of Oxandrolone products on the global market, which would lead to this steroid nearly disappearing at this time. In 1995 the Oxandrolone hormone would reappear thanks to Bio-Technology General CORP (BTG), now Savient, under the trade name Oxandrin. BTG would hold a monopoly on the product during this time driving its cost through the roof. Thankfully, a few U.S. based pharmacies such as Watson would begin manufacturing generic Oxandrolone in recent years driving the cost down. However, it remains one of the more expensive anabolic steroids on the market, including when purchased from most underground labs. An important note for future purchase; while Anavar remains the common associated name for the Oxandrolone hormone, the Anavar name itself is not used by any human grade pharmaceutical company that manufactures Oxandrolone

Anavar Functions & Traits:
Anavar or Oxandrolone is specifically a dihydrotestosterone (DHT) hormone that has been structurally altered. It is DHT with an added oxygen atom replacing the carbon-2 in the A-ring. This alteration greatly increases the hormone’s anabolic activity, as well as prevents it from being metabolically broken down. Anavar also possesses a second alteration at the 17th carbon position by the addition of a methyl group that allows the hormone to be ingested orally officially classifying Anavar as a C17-aa anabolic steroid.

As a therapeutic agent, Anavar has proven to be effective for numerous treatment plans. The most common reason the steroid is prescribed is for the purpose of weight gain necessitated due to surgery or infection or any type of severe weight loss. Anavar has also been proven to be extremely effective for treating over or prolonged exposure to corticosteroids, as well as for treating osteoporosis by the promotion of bone density. However, such uses are rare in the U.S. currently due to strict laws despite this steroid’s tremendously successful and positive track record. Anavar has also proven to be effective for treating hepatitis, as well as promoting growth and development in children who lack the necessary hormone production.

Anavar is also a very popular anabolic steroid among performance enhancing athletes. By looking at its therapeutic benefits, we should already have an understanding or appreciation as to what such benefits might be. While mild on its surface, Anavar carries a massive anabolic that is 3-6 times stronger than testosterone. Anavar’s anabolic rating is 322-630, while testosterone, a powerfully anabolic hormone carries a rating of 100. This would insinuate the muscle building properties of this steroid are tremendous; however, the rating does not translate into real life action quite like you might think. For the off-season male athlete, this will not be what we’d consider a premier bulking steroid; in fact, we’d call it weak for this purpose. But, its anabolic power will translate tremendously in a cutting cycle, or for the purpose of direct athletic enhancement. We will also find that the androgenicity of this hormone is rather low, making one of the friendliest steroids for female use.

When looking at the direct functions and traits of Anavar, the most important revolve around its ability to increase nitrogen retention in the muscle, decrease SHBG and inhibit glucocorticoid hormones. The increase in nitrogen retention will promote the anabolic atmosphere as reduced levels often lead to a catabolic state. The decrease in SHBG will yield a higher level of free testosterone in the body, not only providing more of an anabolic punch but promoting a free or unbound state of all circulating anabolic steroids. In simple terms, this makes the steroids being used more effective. As for the inhibition of glucocorticoid hormones, these are muscle wasting hormones; cortisol being the most well-known. Such hormones promote fat gain, as well as destroy lean muscle tissue. Anavar is also well-known for promoting increases in red blood cell count, which will enhance muscular endurance. Some studies have even shown this steroid has the ability to promote enhanced cardiovascular endurance. Last but not least, Anavar is one of the only true fat burning steroids. Most all anabolic steroids will enhance the metabolic rate, which will promote fat loss, but Anavar has been shown to directly promote lipolysis. Many attribute this to its ability to firmly bind to the androgen receptor, as well as in its ability to reduce thyroid-binding globulin, as well as increase thyroxine-binding prealbumin. This action results in the triiodothyronine hormone or T3 hormone being utilized to a higher degree. The fat burning results of Anavar are not entirely conclusive; there have been a few studies that produced alternate results as it pertains to fat loss. However, most data strongly supports the Oxandrolone hormone being a strong promoter of lipolysis.

Effects of Anavar:
[1] Muscle Growth
Bulking/Off-Season: As the Oxandrolone hormone does not aromatize, any weight gained due to use will be lean muscle mass. Water retention is impossible due to the use of this steroid. However, massive gains often associated with steroid bulking cycles should not be expected with this steroid, it simply isn’t cut out for it. The individual should be able to gain some solid lean tissue and many report Anavar gains are easier to hold onto. But it won’t provide gains similar to well-known mass agents like Anadrol, Dianabol, Nandrolone or Testosterone. Some may find despite moderate gains that is all they want.

While Anavar is not the best off-season bulking steroid for men, when it comes to female use we must make an exception. Women are far more sensitive to Anavar than men, and it can be a very effective off-season agent. Further, most women are not looking for gains in size anywhere near male levels; often a slight increase in muscularity can be transforming.

Regardless of sex, all who use Anavar for off-season mass gaining phases will appreciate its metabolic enhancing traits. Those who supplement with the Oxandrolone hormone will find they gain less off-season body fat than they would have otherwise. Due to the increased levels of free testosterone, individuals will also find other steroids being used to be more potent. It may not be by a lot, but every last bit helps.

[2] Cutting
Fat Loss: Without question, male or female one of the best times to supplement with Anavar will be during the cutting phase. This will also be the most common purpose of use as the vast majority who use anabolic steroids participate in no competitive sports taking them out of the athletic enhancement category in an official sense. Due to its powerful anabolic nature, Anavar is one of the best steroids on earth for preserving lean tissue during the dieting phase. In order to lose body fat, we must burn more calories than we consume. The key to successful dieting is losing the desired fat while maintaining as much lean tissue as possible; however, muscle loss will occur. It does not matter how well-planned your diet is, some muscle loss will occur if a powerful anabolic agent is not present. Anavar is the agent you need due to the facts discussed above regarding its effects.

Those who supplement with Anavar during the cutting phase will also burn fat at a more efficient rate. Regardless of how powerful the direct lipolysis trait is or isn’t, the metabolic rate will still be greatly enhanced. Once lean, the individual will also find he appears harder and more defined. This is often accompanied by enhanced vascularity, and an overall tighter look.

[3] Athletic Enhancement:
Anavar is greatly appreciated by many athletes for a few specific reasons. This steroid will increase strength; the total increase will not be as significant as steroids like Dianabol and nowhere near the level of Halotestin, but it will be notable. Strength is one of the primary factors of successful athleticism as it translates into speed and power. Athletes also appreciate Anavar due to the fact that it won’t produce a large buildup in mass. In some cases, added mass might be a hindrance depending on the sport, and in other cases, it will bring about prying eyes that no athlete wants on them. When we further consider this steroid cannot lead to water retention, a possible burden to many athletes, Anavar rest as one of the top athletic choices.

[4] Enhanced Performance
Priority: Regardless of the purpose of use, all those who supplement with Anavar will find their rate of recovery is enhanced, as well as their muscular endurance. The individual will not tire out as fast, and he will be able to push longer and harder. This does not mean we should increase the duration of our training sessions, which may or may not be the case depending on the situation. However, we will make better use of each training session, we will make better use of our time on the field and all in all more quality work will be done.

Side Effects of Anavar:
Unlike another popular dihydrotestosterone derived anabolic steroid in Anadrol, Anavar is what we’d call a rather side effect friendly anabolic steroid. Side effects are certainly possible, but for the healthy adult they can be minimized. In fact, with responsible use, many will find they experience no negative effects at all. In order to understand the side effects of Anavar, we have broken them down into their separate categories with all the related information you’ll need.

[1] Estrogenic
The Oxandrolone hormone does not carry any estrogenic related side effects. It does not aromatize and cannot lead to gynecomastia or water retention due to increases in estrogen levels. It further carries no progestin related activity, which again supports no estrogenic related side effects. Due to water retention being impossible with this steroid, this will decrease the risk of high blood pressure. Excess water retention can promote high blood pressure. Some steroids that do not aromatize can lead to high blood pressure, such as Trenbolone, but Anavar is rarely associated with this trait.

[2] Androgenic
Oxandrolone is not an extremely potent androgenic steroid, but androgenic activity does exist. Such activity can lead to acne, accelerated hair loss in those predisposed to male pattern baldness and body hair growth. However, most will not have an issue with these effects as the total androgenic nature remains very low. An important note; 5-alpha reductase inhibitors are often used to combat androgenic side effects brought on by the use of anabolic steroids. However, this will not have a strong affect when using Anavar as the Oxandrolone hormone is not affected by the 5-alpha reductase enzyme. The 5-alpha reductase enzyme is responsible for reducing testosterone to dihydrotestosterone, but Oxandrolone is already dihydrotestosterone.

The androgenic nature, although slight, can also promote virilization symptoms in women. Virilization symptoms include body hair growth, a deepening of the vocal chords and clitoral enlargement. Thankfully the virilization rating of Anavar is extremely low; most women can supplement without falling to such effects as long as they supplement responsibly. There will always be the issue of individual response to contend with, but the Oxandrolone hormone continues to represent the safest anabolic steroid for female use. If virilization symptoms do occur for any reason, you are encouraged to discontinue use immediately and they will fade away. If the symptoms are ignored, they may become permanent.

[3] Cardiovascular
Of the possible side effects of Anavar the most concerning will surround cholesterol. The Oxandrolone hormone is well-known for suppressing HDL cholesterol, as well as increasing LDL cholesterol. Standard male therapeutic doses can suppress HDL cholesterol by as much as 30% with performance doses suppressing HDL by as much as 50%. Performance doses may also increase LDL cholesterol by as much as 30%. Due to the potential negative affect Oxandrolone can have on cholesterol you should not supplement with this steroid if you suffer from any cholesterol issues. If you are healthy enough for use, maintaining a healthy lifestyle will be imperative. This should include a cholesterol friendly diet rich in omega fatty acids, as well as plenty of cardiovascular activity. All who supplement with Anavar are encouraged to limit saturated fats and simple sugars, consider a cholesterol antioxidant supplement and to keep a close eye on their levels.

[4] Testosterone:
The use of anabolic steroids will suppress natural testosterone production; however, the rate of suppression varies from one steroid to the next. Anavar is one of the milder suppressive steroids on the market, but most men are typically encouraged to include exogenous testosterone into their supplementation plan. Failure to do so could result in a low testosterone condition and the bothersome symptoms associated. It is, however, possible to supplement with Anavar without falling into a low testosterone state; high end performance doses will suppress total serum levels by approximately 50%, but even with a 50% reduction some men may find they’re still in a healthy range. This will be highly dependent on the individual’s natural levels, but most men will still find exogenous testosterone therapy to be warranted.

As with all anabolic steroids, once use is discontinued and all exogenous steroidal hormones have cleared the body, natural testosterone production will begin again. Natural recovery assumes no prior low level state, as well as no severe damage to the HPTA through improper supplementation practices. Recovery will not occur overnight, it will take time. For this reason, most men are encouraged to implement a post cycle therapy (PCT) plan once all steroid use is complete. PCT plans should include a SERM such as Nolvadex or Clomid, and often benefit from the use of HCG. Combining all three will provide the most efficient recovery.

[5] Hepatotoxicity
As a C17-aa anabolic steroid, Anavar is toxic to the liver. Liver enzyme values will typically increase with use, however, of all C17-aa steroids Oxandrolone carries a minimal hepatic nature. Data has shown therapeutic doses may not increase liver enzyme values significantly. Performance doses are another story, but the hepatotoxic nature will still be significantly less than most C17-aa anabolic steroids. It is also important to keep in mind increases in liver enzyme values does not equate to liver damage but rather stress that can lead to damage. For this reason, it is imperative proper procedures are followed:

You should not supplement with Anavar or any C17-aa anabolic steroid if you already suffer from any type of liver issue.

You should avoid excess alcohol consumption when using a C17-aa anabolic steroid as this will burden the liver tremendously. In fact, most will be best served by avoiding all alcohol if for no other reason than its anti-performance effects.

You should limit the use of over the counter medications to when only absolutely necessary. Many over the counter medications carry a hepatotoxic nature; in some cases, greater than many anabolic steroids.

You should limit your total use of Oxandrolone to 8 weeks max and should not supplement with any C17-aa steroid until again until liver enzyme values have normalized.

You should incorporate a liver detoxifier into your plan during the use of Oxandrolone or any C17-aa anabolic steroid.

Anavar Administration:
Standard Anavar doses for therapeutic treatment will normally fall in the 5-10mg per day range with 20mg per day normally being the maximum dose. Such use will normally last 2-4 weeks with a small break after use before implementing the next 2-4 week cycle. Such use will continue as long as deemed necessary.

For the male performance enhancing athlete, a 20-30mg per day dosing will provide athletic enhancement, but most will find 40-50mg per day to be far more efficient. 80mg per day is not uncommon, but this will increase the risk of side effects. Standard male Anavar cycles will last 6-8 weeks.

For the female performance enhancing athlete, regardless of the purpose of use, 5-10mg per day is normally the perfect dose. Very few women will need more than 10mg per day. If more is desired and 10mg per day has been well-tolerated, 15mg per day can be attempted the next go around. However, every increase in dosing will increase the risk of virilization. Doses of 20mg per day will strongly increase the risk with doses above this mark all but guaranteeing some level of virilization. Standard female Anavar cycles will last 6-8 weeks.

Availability of Anavar:
Anavar is not in high supply on the black market, and prescription Oxandrolone can be hard to get and rather expensive. Even black market versions will cost far more than most oral steroids. It is not uncommon for a 5-10mg Oxandrolone tab to cost $1-$4 per tab, where steroids like Dianabol can easily be found for a few cents on the dollar per 10mg tab.

Another problem with the Anavar market is the quality of the tabs. There are a handful of quality brands on the market, but many are under-dosed or mislabeled. Some low grade manufactures will actually label the steroid Oxandrolone but they have actually used cheaper Dianabol powder. The individual still receives a powerful anabolic effect, but the total effect is not what he was after. For a woman, this can be disastrous due to virilization.

If you are looking for high quality Anavar, you will need to put some time and effort into your search. You should not make a purchase on the basis of the product being offered, but rather seek out independent reviews on the brand and supplier in question. Failure to do so will more than likely result in an inferior product.

Albuterol Sulfate is a bronchodilator that is very similar to Clenbuterol Hydrochloride. Officially, Albuterol is classified as a beta-2 adrenergic agonist and is regularly used as an asthmatic medication. It is also used as a thermogenic in performance enhancement settings, but is not as common as Clenbuterol for this purpose.
Albuterol is available under numerous trade names, one of the oldest and most recognized being Ventolin. The Ventolin brand has been available in the U.S. since 1980 when Albuterol first gained FDA approval. It is most commonly found in rescue inhalers, but various Albuterol brands can also be found in pill or tablet form. There are numerous popular brands of Albuterol on the market, including a massive generic market.

Albuterol Functions & Traits:
Albuterol Sulfate works directly on the sympathic nervous system placing it in a class of drugs known as sympathomimetics. A powerful bronchodilator, Albuterol functions by relaxing air passageways and opening the airways to the lungs as a result. This is precisely whey it is used to treat breathing disorders such as asthma as it will make breathing easier. While predominately a medicinal benefit, Albuterol could be useful in this capacity for some athletes. Some athletes may find breathing improvements to enhance their cardiovascular endurance and overall output. Regardless of the purpose of use, treating a breathing disorder or enhancing performance, Albuterol functions in this capacity by stimulating the beta-2 receptors. There are numerous receptors throughout the body that a sympathomimetic can affect, but the beta-2 receptor is the only point of interest or noteworthy consideration when looking at Albuterol.

Albuterol is a powerful asthmatic, but it is also a very effective thermogenic. For this reason, its most common purpose of use among performance minded individuals will surround fat loss. The fat loss that can occur due to use is due to Albuterol being a beta-2 stimulator. The compound will directly stimulate the beta-2 receptors, which will in turn increase the body’s temperature. It’s not a strong increase in temperature, but it is notable enough to stimulate and enhance the individual’s metabolic rate. With an enhanced metabolic rate, more body fat can be burned and more efficiently.

Effects of Albuterol:
The effects of Albuterol on the asthmatic patient or any related breathing disorder are beyond simple. The individual finds difficulty breathing, Albuterol is administered and the airways are opened and breathing is made easier. That’s all there is to it, and while it may be simple, if you suffer from Asthma it is a more than welcomed medication. In fact, it is one of the most common medications for the treatment of asthma, especially in the U.S.

Then we’re left with fat burning, Albuterol used as a thermogenic. This is where the effects of Albuterol can become confusing for some individuals, and will be the very reason many are disappointed in the results. When we hear fat burning, it is very common for us to inaccurately assume the item in question will magically melt fat off our body. Many who use Albuterol will assume if used they won’t have to diet, and that the fat will be melted off due to this beta-2 stimulators presence. While that does sound appealing, eating doughnuts and ice cream every day and still losing fat sounds very appealing, unfortunately, that’s not how it works. For the fat loss effects of Albuterol to be enjoyed you still have to diet. The overall purpose of use is to simply do what you’re already doing right and to do it a little better, to enhance it.

In order to lose body fat, we must burn more calories than we consume. If we consume only healthy foods and exercise ourselves into the ground, if we consume more than we burn we won’t lose fat. You can take all the Albuterol on earth as well as numerous other fat burners, but if you’re not in a calorie deficit you won’t lose fat. However, when in a calorie deficit necessary to lose body fat, when Albuterol is present you will now burn calories at an accelerated rate. This is due to the simple yet effective enhancement of the metabolism provided by Albuterol. In truth, you could actually reduce your total caloric intake less when using Albuterol than you would without use. However, the idea is to enhance fat loss, and this means we will take the same diet plan we would follow without use and enhance it by supplementing with this thermogenic.

For the effects of Albuterol to be enjoyed, losing fat, you will find the compound works best for those who are not obese. The best time to use this compound is to aid in losing that last little bit of fat that often hangs on for dear life, what is often referred to as stubborn fat. This does not mean you have to be physique contest lean to begin use, but being in fairly decent shape will be best. Further, Albuterol can only be used for this purpose for a short period of time. The body will adapt to this compound fairly fast. If you’re obese, it only makes sense to lose some weight and then consider Albuterol later on when it will be the most beneficial.

Side Effects of Albuterol:
The most common side effects of Albuterol will surround the compound’s stimulating nature. However, overall this is a relatively well-tolerated bronchodilator for most men and women. Serious issues or complications are rare. Those who are using the compound as a thermogenic, they will find the side effects of Albuterol to be a little more common and possibly bothersome. This is due to such use requiring a higher dose than what is used to treat asthma. The most common side effects of Albuterol will be stimulant related such as shaking hands, insomnia and headaches. Some may also experience dizziness. These are the most common side effects, but most will find they are manageable and begin to subside quickly as the body begins to adapt to the compound. Excess sweating can also be an issue for some, as well as nausea, diarrhea or vomiting although rare.

There are other possible side effects of Albuterol that can be more bothersome, but are thankfully less common. An allergic reaction to the compound can cause a swelling of the lips or tongue as well as a possible rash. Oddly enough, an allergic reaction can also lead to difficulty breathing. Less common but most commonly associated with high doses is chest pain, high blood pressure and an irregular heartbeat. If such side effects of Albuterol begin to manifest use should be discontinued immediately. If ignored, these effects can become quite extreme. When the side effects of Albuterol reach an extreme level, harsh shaking or trembling may occur. Anxiety, panic and an extremely fast and irregular heartbeat are all possible, and can be potentially fatal.

Albuterol can be used safely, but it will require responsible use. At the same time, we are all unique individuals and will respond to varying medications differently. If harsh or severe effects of Albuterol use begin to show for any reason, discontinue use. It is when such effects are ignored that trouble may arise. While many will be able to use the compound safely, if you cannot, simply reexamine your plan and search for better options. There is no reason to risk your health for a little extra fat loss.

*Albuterol Administration:
In a therapeutic setting, standard Albuterol doses for the treatment of asthma will normally fall in the 2-4mg ranges administered 3-4 times per day. This will most commonly be through an inhaler, but tablets may be necessary depending on the severity of the condition. Total use is indefinite and will be determined by your physician.

In a performance setting, specifically as a thermogenic, standard Albuterol doses will normally fall in the 2-4mg ranges administered 1-2 times per day. This is the perfect starting point for most men and women, but due to the body’s ability to adapt to the thermogenic effects the dosing will necessarily increase as time goes by. As the body begins to adapt, the total Albuterol dose will need to be increased by 2mg and will continue to increase by 2mg every 5-7 days. Total use for such a plan will be four weeks and should not surpass four weeks. Once the four week mark has been reached, use should be discontinued for another four weeks. From this point, the body will be ready for another Albuterol cycle if desired or needed.

FacebookTwitterGoogle+Share

Buy-Steroids

Want the best results?

Then you gotta stack it.

 

Each stack combines our best individual products which work synergistically together to give you bigger, better,  faster results.

Whatever your goal, we’ve got a stack for you.

GUARANTEED FAST SECURE SHIPPING OF HIGH-QUALITY GEAR